Hazrat Fatima Az Zahra (sa)

    Hazrat Fatima Az Zahra (sa)
    In The Name Of Allah, The Most Compassionate, The Merciful
    O Allah! Send your blessings to the head of your Messengers and the
    Last of your Prophets Muhammad (saw),
    and his pure and cleansed progeny.
    In memory of the Chief of the Women of Paradise
    Hazrat Fatima Az Zahra’ (sa)
    Name : Fatima
    Titles:
    Az Zahra (The Shining)
    Al Batul (The Liberator of Sinners)
    Al Azra (The Clean and the Pure)
    Sayyeddatun Nisa (The Chief of the Women)
    Afzalun Nisa (The Superior Most of Women)
    Khairun Nisa (The Best of Women)
    Mariam Al Kubra (The Senior Mary)
    Al Muhraka (The Blessed One of God)
    As Sadiqa (The Truthful)
    Al Muhadissa (The one who talked to her mother from the womb of her mother prior to her birth)
    Kunyat : Umm ul Aimma
    Born at : Mecca at Friday, 20th Jamadi Ul Akhar
    Fathers name : Holy Prophet Muhammad Ibn e Abdulla
    Mothers name : Khadija Bint e Khuwailid
    Died at : Age 18 on 14th Jamadi ul Awwal

    Hazrat Fatima (sa) in the Holy Quran

    اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ ۖ الْمِصْبَاحُ فِي زُجَاجَةٍ

    “Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth; a likeness of His light is as a niche in which is a lamp, the lamp is in a glass ....” (24 : 35)

    Ibn al Maghazli al Shafi'i has related that the niche means Hazrat Fatima (sa), the lamp means Hasan (as) and Hussain (as) .....

    وَآتِ ذَا الْقُرْبَىٰ حَقَّهُ

    “Give the kinsman his due ....” (17 : 26)

    Commentators have written that when this verse was revealed the Holy Prophet (saw) asked the Angel Gabriel : Who are the kinsmen and what is their due ? The Angel replied : Give Fidak to Fatima for it is her due, and whatever is due to Allah and the Prophet out of Fadak, that also belongs to her, so entrust it to her also. Thereupon the Holy Prophet called Fatima (sa) and wrote the deed of gift, giving Fadak to her.

    Tafseer Durre Mansoor (Volume 4 page 177)

    It is Allah's wish to remove all blemish from you, O Ahl al Bayt, and purify you with a perfect purification. (33 : 33)

    Al Tirmizi, Ibn Manthoor, Al Hakim, Ibn Mardawaih and Al Bayhaqi in his Sunan, all recorded the report of Umme Salemah, wife of the Prophet (saw) in which she said :

    In my own house the Quranic verse : Certainly God wants to keep away all abominations from you .... Ali Fatima, Al Hassan and Al Hussein were at my house. The messenger of God covered them with a garment and then said : These are the members of my House. God keep away abomination from them and make them pure and spotless.

    Sahih al Tirmizi, Volume 5 page 328 Hadith no. 3875

    And whoever disputes with thee concerning him after the inspired knowledge which has been given unto thee, tell him :

     فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءَنَا وَأَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَنِسَاءَنَا وَنِسَاءَكُمْ وَأَنْفُسَنَا وَأَنْفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَلْ لَعْنَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْكَاذِبِينَ

    “Come, let us call our sons and your sons; our women and your women; and ourselves and yourselves; then let us pray and invoke Allah's curse upon those who lie......” (3 : 61)

    When the above verse came down (at the time of debate between the Messenger and the Christians from Najran), the Messenger of God called upon Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Hussein and said : God, these are the members of my family.

    Sahih Muslim Volume 15 page 176

    This concludes the first part, the second part deals with her marriage to Imam Ali (as), followed by Hazrat Fatima (sa) in the hadiths.

    The Marriage

    One day when the Prophet (saw) came out and joined his companions his face was beaming with joy. Abd al Rahman ibn Awf inquired as to the cause of his (saw) joy and the Prophet (saw) said :

    I have received good tidings from my Lord about my brother and the son of my uncle, that Allah has given my daughter Fatima, Peace be Upon Her and her progeny, in marriage to Ali.

    Sawaiq Al Muhriqah page 103

    The Prophet (saw) said:

    O Fatima ! Are you not pleased with this, that Allah, the Mighty and Glorious, cast a glance on the dwellers of the earth and selected from them two men, one of them your father and the other your husband ?

    Mustadrak Al Hakim Volume 3 page 129 (admits it to be genuine)

    Kanz al Ummal Volume 6 page 153

    Musnad of Imam Ahmed Volume 5 page 39

    Sharh al Nahj al Balagah Volume 2 page 451

    Ibn Abu Hatam has recorded a report from Anas, who says that Umar and Abu Bakr came to the Prophet (saw) and each of them requested to give him the hand of Fatima (sa). But the Prophet (saw) kept silent and gave no answer. Then both of them went to Ali (as) and told him that they had asked for the hand of Fatima (sa), but the Prophet (saw) gave no answer. They requested Ali (as) to ask for the hand of Fatima (sa).

    Many eminent narrators have copied this report from Ibn Hatam. Ibn Hajar Asqalani (Hadith Scientist) has recorded in the opening part of Chapter 11 of Sawaiq al Muhriqah.

    Kanz al Ummal Volume 6 page 153

    Musnad of Imam Ahmed Volume 5 page 31

    The Prophet (saw) gave Abu Bakr some money and asked him to accompany Salman and Bilal to buy some house hold necessities for Fatima's house. The Prophet said to Abu Bakr :

    Buy some appropriate household necessities for my daughter with this money.

    Abu Bakr said :

    He (saw) gave me sixty three (63) dirhams, so we went to the market and bought the following:

    • a leather mat

    • a Khaibairion cloak

    • jugs and jars for water

    • a thin curtain made of wool

    • a veil costing 4 (four) dirhams

    • a bed embellished with ribbon

    • a mat from Hajar

    • a special copper container used for dye stuff

    • a water skin

    Fatima the Gracious by Abu Muhammad Ordoni page 122

    Salutations to Hazrat Fatima (sa)

    Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of the Messenger of Allah !

    Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of the possessor of outstanding merit

    above all Prophets and messengers and angels !

    Peace be upon you, Oh Leader of the Women of the Worlds.

    Peace be upon you, Oh Wife of the Vicegerent of Allah !

    Peace be upon you, Oh mother of Hasan and Hussein, the Leaders of the

    Youth of Paradise !

    Peace be upon you, Oh most truthful and martyr.

    Peace be upon you, who was pleased to resign to the will of Allah and Allah

    was pleased with you.

    Peace be upon you, Oh possessor of outstanding merit of above others,

    and the pure.

    Peace be upon you, who is holy and guarded herself against sins !

    Peace be upon you, who is knowledgeable and an authority on traditions of the Prophet.

    Peace be upon you, who was subjected to anger and oppression.

    Peace be upon you, Oh Fatima, daughter of the Messenger of Allah, and May Allah have mercy on you and bless you.

    Imam Al Hassan Ibn Ali Al Askari reported that his father quoted Jabir Ibn Abdullah as saying : ' The Messenger of Allah, Peace be Upon him and his cleansed progeny, said : ' When Allah created Adam and Eve, they strutted through paradise and said : ' Who are better than we ? ' At that moment they noticed an image of a girl like they had never seen before; from this girl came an illuminating light so bright that it almost blinded the eyes.

    They said : ' O Lord, what is this ? '

    He answered : ' This is the Image of Fatima (sa), the mistress of your women descendants. '

    Lisan Al Mizan Volume 3 page 346

    Ibn Abbas said : ' Aisha entered the house while the Messenger of Allah (S) was kissing Fatima (sa), so she said : ' Do you love her, O Messenger of Allah ? '

    He replied : ' Indeed, by Allah if you knew the extent of my love for her, your love would increase for her. When I was in the forth heaven ... that I found these dates softer than butter, more pleasant than musk and sweeter than honey. So when I descended to earth, I came unto Khadija and she bore Fatima. Thus Fatima is a human huri, whenever I long for paradise I smell her.

    Tareekhe Baghdad Volume 5 page 87 (Al Khateeb Al Baghdadi)

    Mizan Al Itidal page 63 (Muhammad Ibn Ahmed Al Demashqain)

    Al Mizan Volume 5 page 160 (Asqalani)

    Dhakhear al Uqbi page 43 (Tabari)

    Contributed by Br. Ali Abbas, abbas@seas.gwu.edu

    English

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