If there is a Just God why, is there so much evil. There is death, war, earthquake, hunger, bitter conditions of life ........ etc. The argument then follows that either there is no God or there is a cruel God, who like a monster enjoys seeing us suffer.
This question has been answered in many ways in different ages. Some of them are as follows and we shall have a brief look at them:
1. God is the Perfect Being, and justice is part of perfection. Therefore, God is Just. So whatever of injustice we see in the world, will be rectified eventually. In other words, He has no needs, and injustice is either from ignorance and fanaticism or from need, and none of these are conceivable for the Perfect Being. Imam Husayn, in the deserts of `Arafat, before being martyred by the enemy, said:
"God, you are so needless that you yourself cannot benefit yourself. How hen, can we give anything to you?!"
2. Evil is necessary for the greatest good1.
3. Man's freedom2 is the cause of evil. This view can explain wars and social injustices, but cannot explain earthquakes, death, illness, etc. ........
4. Evil is a negative thing.