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Active and Passive Participles

63. What is an active participle?

64. How is an active participle formed?

65. What is a passive participle?

66. How is a passive participle formed?

63. An active participle is a form that denotes the actor of an action.

64. An active participle is formed:

• from triliteral verbs: using the form فَاعِل , for example: ضَارِب سَامِع (listener, hitter)

• from other than triliteral verbs: one must take the aorist active verb and replace the aorist letter with a mīm that has a dummah. For example: مُنطَلِق مُتقَدّم(starting point, well-advanced)

65. The passive participle is a form that denotes what the verb happened on.

66. The passive participle is formed:

• from triliteral verbs: using the form مَفعول , for example: مَضرُوب مَسمُوع (what was hit, what was heard)

• from other than triliteral verbs: one must take the aorist passive verb and replace the aorist letter with a mīm that has a dummah. For example: مُکرَم مُقَدّم (honored, put forth)

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