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The Division of Nouns Into Declinable And Indeclinable

85. What is understood by a declinable noun?

86. How many cases does a noun have?

87. What is the sign of the nominative case?

88. What is the sign of the accusative case?

89. What is the sign of the genitive case?

85. A declinable noun is a noun whose last syllable changes when placed into different parts of a sentence.

86. A noun has three cases: nominative, accusative and genitive.

87. The main sign for the nominative case is a dummah. But, sometimes it is represented by:

Alif in the dual forms.

Wāw in the masculine sound plurals and the five nouns which are:

اب اخ حم فم ذو

(possessor, mouth, father-in-law, brother, father)

88. The main sign for the accusative case if the fathah. But, sometimes it is represented by:

Alif in the five nouns.

Kasrah in the feminine sound plurals.

Yā' in the dual forms and the masculine sound plurals.

89. The main sign of the genitive case is the kasrah. But, sometimes it is represented by:
Yā' in the dual forms, masculine sound plurals and the five nouns.

Fathah in the unnonated nouns.

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