45. What is an intransitive verb?
46. What is a transitive verb?
45. An intransitive verb is a verb that suffices itself with its actor. For example: جَلَسَ (he sat). So, for example, if one said: جَلَسَ زَیدٌ (Zayd sat) it would be a complete sentence.
46. A transitive verb is a verb that does not suffice itself with its actor. For example: کَسََرَ (he broke). So, if one said: کَسَرَ الخادِمُ (the servant broke) it would be an incomplete sentence unless one mentions the objective compliment afterwards. For example: کَسَرَ الخادِمُ ﺇبریقاً (the servant broke a pitcher.)