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The Division of The Verb Into Declinable and Indeclinable 1

35. What do you understand about a declinable verb?

36. What verbs are declinable?

37. What kinds of cases does a verb have?

38. What is the nominative sign of verb?

39. What is the subjunctive sign of a verb?

40. What is the jussive sign of a verb?

35. The cases of a verb are determined by the changing of the end of the verb due to its placement in a sentence.

36. The only verb that is declinable is the aorist tense. For example: یَقرَﺃ یَکتُبُ (he is writing, he is reading)
37. There are three cases for declinable verbs: the nominative case, the subjunctive case and the jussive case.

38. The principle of the nominative case is the verb having a dummah.

The nūn takes the place of the dummah in the aorist verbs, which are every verb in the aorist tense that is connected to:

• the dual alif: یَفعَلانِ تَفعَلانِ

• the plural wāw: یَفعَلُونَ تَفعَلُونَ

• the you feminine pronoun (yā'): تَفعَلینَ

39. The principle of the subjunctive case is the verb having a fathah.
The subtraction of the nūn takes the place of the fathah in the aorist verbs. For example: ﺃن یَفعَلا

40. The sign of the jussive case in a verb is the sakūn.
The subtraction of the nūn takes the place of the sakūn in the aorist verbs. For example: لَم یَفعَلا
The subtraction of the weak letter when it is the last root letter of a weak verb takes the place of a sakūn. For example: لَم یَرمِ (he did not throw)

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