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Adjectives: The Active and Passive Participle

101. What is an active particple?

102. How is the active participle formed from triliteral verbs?

103. How is the active participle formed from other than triliteral verbs?

104. What is a passive participle?

105. How is a passive participle formed from triliteral verbs?

106. How is a passive participle formed from other than triliteral verbs?

107. From what type of verbs is the passive participle formed?

108. How many derived nouns are there that have more than three letters and one form?

101. The active participle is a form that indicates the performer of an action. For example: ضارِب (hitter).

102. The active participle is formed from triliteral verbs in the form of فاعل. For example دَرَسَ (he studied) becomes دارِس (studier).

103. The actor form is formed from other than triliteral verbs by putting the verb in the active aorist tense and substituting the aorist letter with a mīm that has a dummah and giving the second to last letter a kasrah. For example: یُکرِمُ becomes مُکرِمٌ

104. The passive participle is a form that indicates what received an action. For example مَضروبٌ (the hit).

105. The passive participle is formed from triliteral verbs in the form of مفعول. For example: کَتَبَ becomes مَکتُوبٌ

106. The passive participle is formed from other than triliteral verbs by putting the verb in the passive aorist tense and substituting the aorist letter with a mīm that has a dummah. For example: یُقَدُّمُ becomes مُقَدَّمٌ.

107. The passive participle is formed from transitive verbs, either transitive by themselves or verbs that are made transitive by a preposition.

108. The passive participle, mīmī infinitive and the time/place nouns that are formed from a verb with more than three letters all have the same form. They are differentiated by their meanings.

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