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Maqsur, Mamdud, and Manqus Nouns

141. What is a maqsūr noun?

142. How is a manqsūr noun verbalized?

143. What is a mamdūd noun?

144. What is a manqūs noun?

145. How is a manqūs noun verbalized?

141. A maqsūr noun is a noun that ends in an alif. The alif can either be:

• long, for example: عصا (cane)

maqsūrah, for example: فتیَ (young man)

142. Maqsūr nouns are always verbalized with a fathah nunation, except if it is an unnonated noun. For example: جاءَ فتیً (a young man came), رأیتُ فتیً (I saw a young man), and مَرَرتُ بفتیً (I passed by a young man)

143. A mamdūd noun is a noun that ends with a hamzah preceded by an alif. For example: سماء (sky).

144. A manqūs noun is a noun that ends with a yā' preceded by a kasrah. For example: القاضي (judge).

145. A manqūs noun is verbalized:

• By two kasrahs after the yā' is erased when it is in the nominative and genitive cases. For example: جاءَ قاضٍ (a judge came).

• Just like any other noun in the accusative case, unless it is unnonated. For example: رأیتُ قاضیاً (I saw a judge).

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