216. What is a conjunct?
217. How many types of conjuncts are there?
218. What is the difference between a specific conjunct and a common one?
219. What are the specific conjuncts?
220. What are the common conjuncts?
221. What are the rulings for man and mā?
222. What are the rulings for dhā?
223. What are the rulings for ay?
216. A conjunct is that whose meaning is not complete except by the sentence mentioned after it called a relative clause.
217. There are two types of conjuncts: specific and common.
218. Specific conjuncts become masculine and feminine and dual and plural unlike common conjuncts that remain in one form in all cases.
219. The specific conjuncts are:
1. الّذی (single)
3. اللّذانِ اللّذَینِ (dual)
5. اللّذِینَ (plural)
1. الّتی (single)
3. اللّتانِ اللّّتَینِ (dual)
5. اللّواتی اللاتی اللائی (plural)
220. The common conjuncts are: من ، من ، ذا ، هي.
221. Man is used for beings with intellect, for example: اِقبَل عُذرَ مَنِ اعتذرَ إلیکَ and mā is used for beings without intellect, for example: اِغفِر لنا ما فَرَطَ مِنَّا.
222. Dhā is used for beings with and without intellect and it condition is that it comes after an interrogative man or mā, not alluding to it or compounded with it, for example: ماذا فعلتَ؟
223. Ay is for beings with and without intellect and is different from all other conjuncts in that it is always dynamic, for example:یسرُّني أیُّهم هو قادمٌ, except if the pronoun that comes at the beginning of the relative clause is erased, in this case it is indeclinable on a dummah, for example:یسرُّني أیُّهم قادمٌ.