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The Diminutive Form

167. What is the diminutive form?

168. What is the ruling of the diminutive form?

169. What happens in the diminutive form of quadriliteral nouns?

170. How is a word whose second letter is weak put into the diminutive form?

171. How is a word whose third letter is weak put into the diminutive form?

172. How is a word whose fourth letter is a wāw or an alif put into the diminutive form?

167. The diminutive form adding a yā' without a vowel sign after the second letter of a declinable noun to indicate smallness, for example: دُرَیهِمات, humiliation, for example: رُجَیل, or amazement, for example: بُنَيّ.

168. The ruling of the diminutive form is that the first letter of the word is given a dummah and the second letter is given a fathah, for example: عَبد becomes عُبَید.

169. If the word has four letters or more the letter after the yā' is given a kasrah, for example: دِرهَم becomes دُرَیهِم, unless it is connected to a feminine tā', for example: مهرة becomes مُهَیرَة or if it is a proper noun or an adjective that ends in an added alif and nūn, for example: سَلمان becomes سُلَیمان.

170. If the second letter of the word is weak and has been changed it will be changed back to its original form, for example: باب becomes بُوَیب.

171. If the weak letter is an alif or a wāw it will be changed into a doubled yā' in the diminutive form, for example: عَصا becomes عُصَيٌّ. If it is a yā' it is doubled in the diminutive form, for example: جمیل becomes جُمَیِّل.

172. If a word whose fourth letter is a wāw or alif is put into the diminutive form they will be changed into a yā', for example: عُصفور becomes عُصَیفیر.

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