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Emphasis and Non-Emphasis

69. When is a verb emphasized?

70. Is the nūn of emphasis added to all tenses?

71. When is the aorist tense designated for the future only?

72. Is a verb conjugated differently when the nūn of emphasis is added to it?

69. A verb is emphasized when heavy nūn of emphasis is added to it, for example: لیَبتهحَنَّ or the light nūn of emphasis is added to it, for example: لیَفرَحَن.

70. The nūn of emphasis is not added to the preterite tense at all. It is permissible to add it to the imperative form without any conditions. It is added to the aorist tense only with the condition that the aorist tense is designated for the future only.

71. An aorist tense verb is designated for the future if it is mentioned after a talab baleen or be'anf, for example: nahi, imperative, tamani, taraji, aradh, tahdhidh, for example: لا تیأسَنَّ من رحمةِ الله. Or, if it is mentioned after an oath, for example: و أبیکَ لأحفَظَنَّ عَهدَک.

72. The following is a chart of how a verb is conjugated when the nūn of emphasis is added to it.

The aorist tense: لا یَنصُرَنَّ ، لا یَنصُرانِّ ، لا یَنصُرُنَّ ، لا تَنصُرَنَّ ، لا تَنصُرانِّ ، لا یَنصُرنانِّ ، لا تَنصُرَنَّ ، لا تَنصُرانِّ ، لا تَنصُرُنَّ ، لا تَنصُرِنَّ ، لا تَنصُرانِّ ، لا تَنصُرنانِّ ، لا أنصُرَنَّ ، لا نَنصُرَنَّ

The imperative form: اُنصُرَنَّ ، اُنصُرانِّ ، اُنصُرُنَّ ، اُنصُرِنَّ ، اُنصُرانِّ ، اُنصُرنانِّ

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