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Cognate Accusative

89. What is a cognate accusative?
A cognate accusative is an infinitive mentioned after a verb from the same root as the verb for:
• emphasis: قَتَلَ الحارسُ اللّصَّ قتلاً (The guard killed the thief, a killing.)

• explanation of the type: اصبر صبراً جمیلاً (Be patient, a beautiful patience.)

• explanation of number: دَقَّتَ الساعَةُ دقَّتین (The watch ticked twice.)

90. What word can take the place of a cognate accusative if it is used for emphasis?
If the cognate accusative is used for emphasis it can be replaced by a synonym. For example:
قُمتُ وُقُوفاً (I stood up, a standing.)

91. What words can take the place of a cognate accusative if it is used for explanation?
If the cognate accusative is used for explanation it can be replaced by:
• an adjective: اُذکِروا اللهَ کثیراً (Remember Allah a lot.)

• the words کل or بعض: مال کلَّ المیلِ (He inclined a full inclination.)

• demonstrative pronouns: قالَ ذلکَ القولَ (He said those words.)

• numbers: جُلِدَ السارِقُ عَشرَ جَلَداتٍ (The thief was whipped ten whips.)

• tools: ضَرَبتُهُ سَوطاً (I hit him, whipping.)

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