ÈöÓúãö Çááåö ÇáÑøóÍúãäö ÇáÑøóÍöíãö
In The Name of Allah, The Beneficient, The Merciful
(The Night of Honour)
No.97 (5 Verses)
Contents of Sura Qadr:
As it is understood from the name of the Sura, it refers to the revelation of the Holy Qur'an on The Night of Honour and then, it describes the importance of the night and the Blessings thereon.
The chronological order of this Sura has no significance. Among the commentators it is known as a Meccan Sura, although some hold that it was revealed in Medina; as a narration denotes that the holy Prophet (s) dreamed that the Ommayides were climbing his pulpit. This was disturbing to the Prophet, to have such a dream, and he disliked it. Then, Sura Qadr was revealed to comfort him. (Therefore, some believe that the verse: "The Night of Honour is better than a thousand months" refers to the length of time that the Ommayides governed, which was about one thousand months), and we know that Mosques and pulpits were established and formed in Medina, not Mecca. 
But, as it was said above, the Sura is known as Meccan and this narration may be a kind of application, not an occasion of revelation.
The Virtue of Studying this Sura:
On the virtue of studying this Sura, there is a narration from the holy Prophet (s) which says: "He who recites it (Sura Qadr) will be rewarded like the one who has fasted the whole month of Ramadan and has kept vigil the night of Qadr, (The Night of Honour)." 
Another narration from Imam Baqir (a) says: "He who recites Sura Qadr loudly and openly like a person who fights in the Holy War on the path of Allah and he who recites it hiddenly like a person who swims in his own blood for the sake of Allah". 
It is obvious that these rewards are for he who recites the Sura and comprehends its real meaning, or they are for he who studies it, understands it and acts accordingly with regard to the Qur'an, and in his life obeys its verses.
 Ruh-al-Ma'ali, vol. 30. p. 188; and Durr-al-Manthur, vol. 6, p. 391.
 Majma'-al-Bayan, vol. 10, p. 516.
 Majma'-al-Bayan, vol, 30, p. 516.