First Chapter KITABU T TAHARAH
Taharat means cleaning from the impurities, which are of two types:
KHABATH and HADATH.
Those impurities which have been specified as inherently NAJIS
like urine, excrement, blood, semen etc. are called KHABATH. When
our bodies or clothes come into contact with them, they have to
be made clean. Then there are certain acts of Taharat which are
ritual and are a prerequisite to the acts of worship like Namaz
and Tawaf. These are WUDHU, GHUSL or TAYAMMUM. They are invalidated
by natural causes like sleeping, urinating or entering into a
state of JANABAT, and they have be reinstated.
Second Chapter KITABUS SALAAT
In this chapter, various prayers like the daily Namaz, Namaz of
Idd, NamazeMayyit, NamazeTawaf, Nafila
etc are outlined. Then the laws which explain the prerequisites
of SALAAT, and the acts which invalidate the prayers are elaborated.
Details are given about Namaz in one's own home town, Namaz of
a traveller, Namaz prayed alone, and the one in congregation (JAMAAH),
Namaz prayed on time, and those as QADHA.
Third Chapter KITABUZ ZAKAH
In this chapter, various types of wealth tax are discussed, especially
the one whicll is applied to Gold, Silver, Wheat, Barley, Dates,
Grapes, Cattle (big and small) and Camels. Details of percentage
levied, and the ways of spending Zakat are also explained.
Fourth Chapter KITABUL KHUMS
Khums means onefifth (20%) and is also a type of wealth
tax. According to SUNNI FIQH, this is applicable to the spoils
of war only. But in our FIQH, the spoils of war are just one of
the many other incomes and accruals on whicl1 ICHUMS is to be
paid. For example, the minerals, the treasures, the wealth which
is mixed with HARAM in a manner that it cannot be extricated,
and its rightful owner cannot be traced, the wealth acquired by
diving, and the net savings and profit in businesses etc.
Fifth Chapter KITABUS SAWM
This chapter deals with the laws governing fasting, and distinguishes
obligatory fasts of the month of Ramadhan from other categories.
For example, the forbidden fasts on IDD days, the MAKROOH fast
on ASHURA day, and so on.
Sixth Chapter KITABUL I'TEKAF
Literally, it means to retire into a place. In FIQH, it is a form
of worship. When a person wishes to do I'TEKAF, he has to retire
into a mosque for three days or more, and fast for three days.
He remains secluded, not stepping out of the mosque. This act
is optional in itself, but if one commences it and continues for
two days, then it is WAJIB to complete the third day. Originally
I'TEKAF was to be observed in MASJIDUL HARAM (i.e. Makkah), MASJIDUL
NNABI (i.e. Madinah), MASJID of KUFA. But it is also allowed in
the central mosques of any town or city, excluding small mosques.
The Prophet (s.a.w.) always observed I'TEKAF in the last ten days
of holy RAMADHAN.
Seventh Chapter KITABUL HAJ
This deals with all the obligatory and optional acts, during pilgrimage
to Makkah, like wearing IHRAM, TAWAF, NAMAZ OF TAWAF, WUQOOF at
ARAFAH, MASHAR, MINA etc.
Eighth Chapter KITABUL UMRAH
It is a smaller or lesser Haj, and it is obligatory for the Hajis
who must perform it first before proceeding to complete the Haj.
It consists of Ihram, Tawaf, Namaz of Tawaf, Saee', Taqseer.
The acts of Umrah are performed in the following order:
In Haj, the order is as follows:
b) Wuqoof at ARAFAH
c) Wuqoof at MASHAR
d) RAMI of the last JAMARAH at MINA
e) Sacrifice of animal
f) To shave off the hair, or cutting nails etc.
g) Tawaf of Haj
h) Two Rakaats for Tawaf
i) Saee' for Haj
k) Two Rakaats for TawafunNisa
l) Staying at night in MINA m) Rami of all JAMARATS in MINA
Ninth Chapter KITABUL JIHAD This chapter deals with
the holy wars which is deemed absolutely necessary for the preservation
of security and welfare of a society. Jihad can be of two types:
One initiated and another defensive. Shia FIQH stipulates that
in order to initiate a Jihad, consent must be had from the Prophet
(s.a.w) or any Masoom Imam. As for the defensive holy war, it
can be waged as and when it becomes necessary. This chapter also
deals with the laws pertaining to DHIMMIS who seek refuge under
an Islamic state, and about truce and peace treaties between Islamic
and nonIslamic countries.
Tenth Chapter AMR BIL MA'ROOF and NAHY ANIL MUNKAR
In an Islamic society, it is the responsibility of every Muslim
to enjoin good and forbid evil. Of course, there are conditions
and regulations for carrying out this duty. This chapter deals
with them extensively.