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Chapter 7: The Reward of one who Feeds a Believer, Quenches his Thirst, Clothes him or Pays off his Debt

7 - باب ثواب من أطعم مؤمنا أو سقاه أو كساه أو قضى دينه

159 - عن أبي جعفر (ع) أنه قال
شَبعُ أربعةٍ من المسلمين يعدِلُ فكَّ رقبةٍ من وُلدِ إسماعيل (ع)

159. It has been narrated that Abu Ja'far [a.s] said:
Feeding four Muslims is equal to freeing a slave from the descendants of Prophet Ishmael.1

160 - وعن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال
ما مِن مؤمنٍ يُدخل بيتَه مؤمنَين يُطعمُهُما ويُشبعُهما إلاّ كان ذلك أفضلَ من عِتقِ نَسمةٍ.

160. It has been narrated that Abu 'Abd Allah [a.s] said:
If two believers were to enter the house of a believer and he were to feed them to full, this would be better than freeing a slave.”2

161 - وعن علي بن الحسين (ع) قال
مَن أطعم مؤمناً مِن جوعٍ أطعمه اللهُ (جلّ جلاله) من ثمارِ الجنةِ، ومَن سقى مؤمناً مِن ظمأٍ سقاهُ اللهُ يوم القيامة من الرّحيق المختومِ، ومَن كَسى مؤمناً مِن العُريِّ كساه اللهُ (جلّ جلاله) مِن الثّياب الخُضر.

161. It has been reported that 'Ali ibn Al-Husayn [a.s] said:
Whoever feeds a hungry believer, Allah will feed him with the fruits of Paradise; and whoever gives a drink to a thirsty believer, Allah will quench his thirst (on the Day of Judgment) with an exquisite drink of Paradise; and whoever clothes a believer, Allah will clothe him with a green robe of Paradise.

وفي حديث آخر قال
مَن كسا مؤمناً مِن عُريٍّ لم يزَلْ في ضمانِ الله ما دامَ عليه سلك.

According to another tradition, the Imam said:
Whoever clothes a believer will remain under the security of Allah as long as a thread of the cloth remains.3

162 - وعن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال
مَن أطعمَ مؤمناً مِن جوعٍ أطعمَه اللهُ مِن ثمارِ الجنةِ، وأيّما مؤمن سقى مؤمناً سقاه الله مِن الرحيق المختومِ، وأيّما مؤمن كسا مؤمناً مِن عُريٍّ لم يزلْ في سترِ الله وحِفظِه ما بقِيتْ منه خُرقةٌ.

162. It has been reported that Abu 'Abd Allah [a.s] said:
Whoever feeds a hungry believer, Allah will feed him with the fruits of Paradise; and any believer who quenches the thirst of another believer, Allah will quench his thirst with an exquisite drink of Paradise; and any believer who clothes another believer will remains under the guard and protection of Allah as long as a shred of it remains.4

163 - وعن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال لبعض أصحابه
يا ثابت، أما تستطيعُ أن تعتقَ كلَّ يوم رقبةً؟
قال: أصلحك الله، ما أقوى على ذلك، قال
أما تقدرُ أن تغدّي أو تُعشّيَ أربعةً من المسلمين؟
قلت: أما هذا فاني أقوي عليه، قال
هو واللهِ يعدلُ عِتقَ رقبةٍ.

163. It has been reported that Abu 'Abd Allah [a.s] once said to one of his companions, “O Thabit! Can you not free a slave every day?' 'May Allah make you prosper,' he replied, 'I do not have the (financial) power to do it!' 'Are you not able,' asked the Imam [a.s], 'to entertain four Muslims for lunch or dinner?' 'I am able to do,' replied the companion.

'By Allah I swear,' said the Imam [a.s], 'that is equal to free a slave.'5

164 - وعن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال
مَن كسا مؤمناً ثوباً لم يزلْ في رحمةِ الله (جلّ جلاله) ما بقيَ مِن الثّوب شئٌ، ومَن سقاه شربةً من ماءٍ سقاه اللهُ (جلّ جلاله) مِن رحيقٍ مختومٍ، ومَن أشبعَ جُوعتَه أطعمهُ اللهُ (جلّ جلاله) من ثمارِ الجنّة.

164. It has been narrated that Abu 'Abd Allah [a.s] said:
Whoever clothes a believer will remain in the mercy of Allah [M.G] as long anything of that cloth remains; and one who gives him a sip of water, Allah will quench his thirst with an exquisite drink (of Paradise); and one who satiates his hunger, Allah will feed him with the fruits of Paradise.6

165 - وعن أمير المؤمنين علي (ع) أنه قال
لأَنْ أُطعِمَ أخاك لُقمةً أحَبُّ إليَّ مِن أنْ أتصدَّقَ بدرهمٍ، ولأنْ أُعطيَه درهماً أحَبُّ إليَّ مِن أنْ أتصدَّقَ بعَشَرةٍ، ولأَنْ أُعطيَه عَشرةً أحَبُّ إليَّ مِن أنْ أعتقَ رقَبةً.

165. It has been narrated that Amir al-Mu'minin [a.s] said:
Feeding your brother a mouthful is more loveable to me than giving a dirham in charity; and giving him a dirham is more lovable to me than giving ten in charity; and giving him ten Dirhams is more loveable to me than freeing a slave.7

166 - وعن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال
ما مِن مؤمنٍ يُطعمُ مؤمناً شبعاً إلاّ أطعمَهُ اللهُ (جلّ جلاله) مِن ثمار الجنّة، ولا سقاه شَربةً إلاّ سقاه اللهُ من الرّحيقِ المختوم، ولا كساهُ ثَوباً إلاّ كساه اللهُ (جلّ جلاله) مِن الثيابِ الخُضرِ وكان في ضَمانِ الله تعالى ما دام مِن ذلك الثّوبِ سلكٌ.

166. It has been reported that Abu 'Abd Allah [a.s] said:
If any believer feeds another believer to full, Allah will feed him from the fruits of Paradise; and if he gives him a sip to drink, He will quench his thirst with an exquisite drink (of Paradise); and if he clothes him, Allah will clothe him with a green robe (of Paradise) and he will remain under the protection of Allah as long as a thread of that cloth remains.8

167 - وعن أبي جعفر (ع) قال
مِن أحَبِّ الخِصال إلى الله (جلّ جلاله) ثلاثةٌ: مُسلمٌ أطعمَ مسلماً مِن جوعٍ أو فكَّ عنه كُربةً أو قَضى عنه دَيناً.

167. It has been narrated that Abu Ja'far [a.s] said:
(Amongst) the qualities most loved by Allah are three: a Muslim who feeds a hungry Muslim, relieves him from a distress or settle his debt for him.9

168 - وعن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال
أوّلُ ما يُتحَفُ به المؤمنُ في قبرهِ أنَّهُ يُغفرُ لمَن تبِعَ جنازتَهُ.

168. It has been reported that Abu 'Abd Allah [a.s] said:
The first gift that a believer is presented with in his grave is the forgiveness for those who accompanied his bier.10

169 - وعن سدير قال: قال أبو عبد الله (ع)
ما يمنعُك أن تعتقَ كلَّ يوم نسَمة؟
قلت: لا يحتمل ذلك مالي. قال، فقال
تُطعمُ كلَّ يوم رجُلاً مسلماً.
فقلت: موسرا أو معسرا؟ قال
إنّ الموسِرَ قد يشتهي الطعامَ.

169. Sudayr reported: Abu 'Abd Allah [a.s] once asked me, 'What stops you from freeing a slave every day?' 'My financial status will not allow that,' I replied.

'Can you feed a Muslim every day (to equal that reward)?' the Imam [a.s] asked.
'Must that Muslim be well-to-do or poor?' I asked.
'Even the well-to-do sometimes long for food,' the Imam [a.s] replied.11

170 - وعن أبي جعفر (ع) أنه قال
إطعامُ مسلمٍ يعدِلُ عِتقَ نسَمة.

170. It has been narrated that Abu Ja'far [a.s] said:
Feeding a Muslim is equal to freeing a human being.12

  • 1. Al-Mustadrak 3/90 h.1, al-Majlisi: Bihar al-Anwar 74/385 h.102 [as quoted from Shaykh al-Saduq: Thawab al-A`mal 165 and al-Barqi: al-Mahasin 2/395 h.60], 75/460 h.12, al-Hurr al-`Amili: Wasa`il al-Shi`ah 16/444 h.32 [as quoted from al-Barqi: al-Mahasin 2/395 h.59], 16/463 h.4 [as quoted from Shaykh al-Saduq: Thawab al-A`mal].
  • 2. Al-Mustadrak 3/90 h.2, al-Majlisi: Bihar al-Anwar 74/373 h.66 [as quoted from al-Kulayni: al-Kafi 2/201 h.4], 75/460 h.10 [as quoted from al-Barqi: al-Mahasin 2/394 h.54], 74/311 h.67, Al-Mustadrak 1/545 h.3 [as quoted from Shaykh al-Mufid: al-Ikhtisas 21] and al-Hurr al-`Amili: Wasa`il al-Shi`ah 16/447 h.1 [as quoted from al-Kafi and al-Mahasin].
  • 3. Shaykh al-Mufid: al-Ikhtisas 220, al-Mustadrak 1/546 h.8, 1/220 h.4 [as quoted from al-Ikhtisas 220], 3/88 h.4, al-Majlisi: Bihar al-Anwar 74/384 h.89 [as quoted from Shaykh al-Saduq: Thawab al-A`mal 164 and Shaykh al-Mufid: al-Amali 12], 74/373 h.67, al-Hurr al-`Amili: Wasa`il al-Shi`ah 16/453 h.1 [as quoted from al-Kulayni: al-Kafi 2/201 h.5]. The last statement of the narration is recorded in al-Majlisi: Bihar al-Anwar 74/381 h.86 and al-Hurr al-`Amili: Wasa`il al-Shi`ah 3/420 h.2 and 3 [as quoted from al-Kulayni: al-Kafi 2/205 h.4] and 3/421 h.6 [as quoted from Shaykh al-Saduq: Thawab al-A`mal and others].
  • 4. This narration is the same as No. 161.
  • 5. Al-Mustadrak 1/87 h.4, al-Majlisi: Bihar al-Anwar 74/364 h.31 and al-Hurr al-`Amili: Wasa`il al-Shi`ah 16/443 h.28 [as quoted from al-Barqi: al-Mahasin 2/394 h.51].
  • 6. Al-Mustadrak 1/88 h.1. The first statement is also recorded in Al-Mustadrak 1/220 [last part of] h.5. A similar to the first statement of the narration is recorded in al-Majlisi: Bihar al-Anwar 74/381 h.87 and al-Hurr al-`Amili: Wasa`il al-Shi`ah 3/420 h.4 as quoted from al-Kulayni: al-Kafi: 2/205 [part of] h.5.
  • 7. Al-Mustadrak 3/91 h.2.
  • 8. The first statement is recorded in Al-Mustadrak 3/88 h.5 and the last in 1/220 h.5.
  • 9. Al-Mustadrak 3/86 h.12, al-Majlisi: Bihar al-Anwar 74/365 h.36 and al-Hurr al-`Amili: Wasa`il al-Shi`ah 16/441 h.14 [as quoted from al-Barqi: al-Mahasin 2/388 h.12].
  • 10. Al-Mustadrak 1/119 h.9. A similar narration is recorded in al-Majlisi: Bihar al-Anwar 81/259 [part of] h.7, 81/377 [part of] h.28 and al-Hurr al-`Amili: Wasa`il al-Shi`ah 2/821 h.7 [as quoted from al-Amali: 1/45. At any rate, this narration should have been mentioned in the Chapter 2, where it would be more appropriate.
  • 11. Al-Mustadrak 3/87 h.5, al-Majlisi: Bihar al-Anwar 74/377 h.74 [as quoted from al-Kulayni: al-Kafi 2/202 h.12], 74/364 [as quoted from al-Barqi: al-Mahasin 2/394 h.49] and al-Hurr al-`Amili: Wasa`il al-Shi`ah 16/443 h.28 and 16/448 h.30 [as quoted from al-Barqi: al-Mahasin 16/443 h.28 and al-Kulayni: al-Kafi].
  • 12. Al-Mustadrak 3/87 h.4, al-Majlisi: Bihar al-Anwar 74/363 h.24, 75/460 h.11 and al-Hurr al-`Amili: Wasa`il al-Shi`ah 16/442 h.21, 16/443 h.30 [as quoted from al-Barqi: al-Mahasin 2/391 h.33 and 2/395 h.56].

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