Ghadir Khumm
in the Qur'an, Hadith, History

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* al-Bukhari, al-Ta'rikh al-kabir
* Ibn Hanbal, Al-Musnad
* Ibn Hanbal, Manaqib `Ali b. Abi Talib
* al-Hakim al-Naysaburi, al-Mustadrak
* Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani, Al-Isabah
* Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani, Tahdhib al-Tahdhib
* Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidayah wa'l-Nihayah
* Ibn Kathir, Tafsir al-Qur'an al-`Azim
* al-Nasa'i, Al-Khasa'is
* al-Khatib al-Tabrizi, Mishkat al-Masabih
* al-Haythami, Majma` al-Zawa`id
* Ibn `Abd al-Barr, Al-Isti`ab fi ma`rifat al-ashab
* Ibn `Abd Rabbih, Al-`Iqd al-Farid
* Ibn Abi Shaybah, Al-Musannaf
* Ibn al-'Athir, `Ali b. Muhammad, Usd al-ghaba
* Ibn al-'Athir, al-Mubarak b. Muhammad, Al-Nihaya fi gharib al-hadith
* Ibn Hajar al-Makki, Al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqa
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Hilyat al-Awliya'
* al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, Ta'rikh Baghdad
* al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Kanz al-`ummal
* al-Shahrastani al-Shafi`i, Al-Milal wa'l-Nihal
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Al-Durr al-Manthur
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Tarikh al-Khulafa'
* al-Tabarani, Al-Mu`jam al-Kabir
* al-Tabarani, Al-Mu`jam al-Saghir
* al-Wahidi, Asbab al-Nuzul
* Nur al-Din al-Halabi al-Shafi`i, al-Sira al-Halabiyya
* Al-Mizzi, Tuhfat al-ashraf bi-ma`rifat al-atraf
* Ibn al-Jazari, Asna al-Matalib
* Abu Ya`la al-Musali, Musnad
* al-Tahawi, Mushkil al-athar
* al-Dulabi, al-Kuna wa'l-asma
* Muhibb al-Din al-Tabari, Riyad al-Nadirah
* Al-Tha`labi, Tafsir Kashf wa'l-bayan
* al-Alusi al-Baghdadi, Ruh al-Ma`ani
* Abu Bakr al-Bazzar, Musnad
* Ibn Miskawayh, Nadim al-farid
* al-Tha`alibi, Thimar al-qulub
* al-Zamakhshari, Rabi` al-abrar
* al-Munawi, Fayd al-qadir
* Wali Allah al-Dihlawi, Qurrat al-`aynayn
* Badr al-Din al-`Ayni, `Umdat al-Qari
* al-Qasim b. Sallam, Tafsir Gharib al-Qur'an
* Ibn Abi `Asim al-Shaybani, Kitab al-Sunnah
* `Abd Allah b. Ahmad b. Hanbal, Fada'il `Ali
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Akhbar Isbahan
* al-Maqrizi, al-Khitat
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Ma nazala min al-Qur'an fi `Ali
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-'Azhar fi ma `aqdahu al-shu`ara' min al-'ash`ar
* Muhammad `Abduh, Tafsir al-Manar
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-'Itqan
* Ibn Abi al-Hadid al-Mu`tazili, Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah
* al-Samhudi al-Shafi`i, Jawahir al­`iqdayn
* Ba Kathir al-Makki, Wasilat al-Ma'al
* Ibn al-Sabbagh al-Maliki, al-Fusul al-muhimmah
* al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi, Nawadir al-usul
* Abu `Abd Allah al-Muhamili al-Dabbi, al-'Amali
* Nizam al-Din al-Naysaburi, Ghara'ib al-Qur'an
* Shihab al-Din al-Khafaji, Nasim al-riyad
* al-Shawkani al-San`ani, Fath al-qadir
* al-Maybudi, Sharh Diwan `Ali [a]
* al-Samhudi al-Shafi`i, Wafa' al-wafa'
* Al-Majlisi, Bihar al-anwar
* Sulaym b. Qays al-Hilali, Asl Sulaym b. Qays
* al-Khatib al-Khawarazmi, Kitab al-Manaqib
* al-Juwayni al-Hamawayni, Fara'id al-Samtayn
* al-Balkhi al-Qunduzi, Yanabi` al-mawaddah
* Ibn al-Maghazili, al-Manaqib
* al-Kanji al-Shafi`i, Kifayat al-Talib
* al-Shaykhani al-Qadiri, Sirat al-sawi
* Sibt b. al-Jawzi, Tadhkirat khawass al-'ummah
* Abu Muhammad al-`Asimi, Zayn al-fata
* al-Zarandi, Nazm durar al-simtayn
* Abu Sa`id al-Sijzi, al-Dirayah fi Hadith al-Wilayah
* al-Badakhshi, Miftah al-naja
* al-'Ardabili, Wasilat al-muta`abbidin
* Muhammad b. Talhah al-Shafi`i, Matalib al-sa'ul
* al-Turbashti, al-Mu`tamad fi al-Mu`taqad
* al-Wassabi al-Shafi`i, al-'Iktifa
* Khawajah Mulla, Ibtal al-batil
* `Abd al-Wahhab al-Bukhari, Tafsir Anwari
* Jamal al-Din `Ata' Allah al-Shirazi, al-'Arba`in fi fada'il Amir al-Mu'minin
* Muhammad Mahbub al-`Alam, Tafsir al-Shahi
* al-'Amir al-Yamani al-San`ani, Rawdat al-nadiyyah
* al-`Ujayli al-Shafi`i, Dhakhirat al-ma'al
* Muhammad b. `Ali al-Sabban, Is`af al-raghibin
* Rashid al-Din Khan al-Dehlawi, Fath al-mubin
* Muhammad Mubin al-Lakhnawi, Wasilat al-najat
* Haydar `Ali al-Fayd Abadi, Muntaha al-kalam
* Ahmad b. Mustafa al-Qadayn Khani, Hidayat al-martab
* Muhammad Mahmud al-Rafi`i, Sharh Hashimiyyat
* Muhammad Shakir Khayyat, Sharh Hashimiyyat
* Ibn Shahrashub, Manaqib Al Abi Talib
* Ibn Haddad al-Haskani, Shawahid al-tanzil
* al-Natanzi, al-Khasa'is al-`Alawiyyah
* Sayyid Shahab al-Din Ahmad, Tawdih al-Dala'il
* Ibn Haddad al-Haskani, Du`a' al-hudat
* al-Sayyid Hashim al-Bahrani, Ghayat al-Maram
* al-Irbili, Kashf al-ghumma
* Abu Bakr al-Naqqash, Shifa' al-sudur
* Abu al-Hasan Sharif, Diya' al-`Alamin
* al-Qatifi, al-Firqat al-najiyah

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Contexts

Narrations that mention the location of the event as Ghadir Khumm or al-Juhfa

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Chains of Transmission for this context in
al-Shahrastani al-Shafi`i, Al-Milal wa'l-Nihal
[1]

S225 al-Shahrastani, Muhammad b. `Abd al-Karim, Abu al-Fath al-Shafi`i Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
Al-Milal wa'l-Nihal  
London: Kegan Paul (as "Muslim Sects and Divisions", translated by Kazi and Flynn), 1984 CE  pp. 139-140   
 
Linked to scanned page from Al-Milal wa'l-Nihal

S225 al-Shahrastani, Muhammad b. `Abd al-Karim, Abu al-Fath al-Shafi`i Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
Al-Milal wa'l-Nihal  
Cairo: al-Halabi, 1968  vol. 1, p. 162   
[vol. 1, p. 220] 
Linked to scanned page from Al-Milal wa'l-Nihal

F135


قال في (الملل والنحل) المطبوع في هامش الفصل لابن حزم ج 1 ص 220: ومثل ما جرى في كمال الاسلام وإنتظام الحال حين نزل ‏قوله تعالى: يا أيها الرسول بلغ ما انزل إليك من ربك وإن لم تفعل فما بلغت رسالته. فلما وصل إلى غدير خم أمر بالدرجات [كذا في ‏النسخ والصحيح: بالدوحات] فقمن ونادوا: ألصلاة جامعة ثم قال عليه السلام وهو على الرحال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه، أللهم ‏وال من والاه، وعاد من عاداه، وانصر من نصره، واخذل من خذله، وأدر الحق معه حيث دار، ألا هل بلغت؟ ثلاثا. فادعت الامامية ‏أن هذا نص صريح فإنا ننظر من كان النبي مولى له وبأي معنى فتطرد ذلك في حق علي وقد فهمت الصحابة من التولية ما فهمناه ‏‏[سنوقفك على حق القول في المفاد وان الصحابة ما فهمت الا ما ترتأيه الامامية] حتى قال عمر حين أستقبل عليا: طوبى لك يا علي، ‏أصبحت مولى كل مؤمن ومؤمنة.‏



Another example may be given of an incident that occurred when Islam had reached its perfection and order was established. The word of God came down, saying: ‘O Apostle! Proclaim the message which has been sent to you from your Lord. If you do not, you will not have delivered his message. God will protect you from men.’ When the Prophet reached the pool of Khumm, he asked for the land between the tall trees to be cleared. The call then went out that the prayer was about to begin. While the Prophet was still in the saddle, he said:

Of whomsoever I am the master, `Ali is the master. May God befriend those who befriend him, and be an enemy to those who are enemies to him; may he assist those who assist him, and forsake those who forsake him. May the truth be with him wherever he goes. So, I have delivered [the message].

This he said three times.

According to the Imamiya this was a clear appointment. [They say]: We call to mind those of whom the Prophet was the master, and the sense in which he was the master, then we apply it to `Ali. The Companions understood tawliya (appointment) as we understand it. Even `Umar when he met `Ali said to him: ‘Blessed are you, `Ali. You have now become the master of every believer, both man and woman!’


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