Ghadir Khumm
in the Qur'an, Hadith, History

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* al-Bukhari, al-Ta'rikh al-kabir
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* Ibn Hanbal, Manaqib `Ali b. Abi Talib
* al-Hakim al-Naysaburi, al-Mustadrak
* Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani, Al-Isabah
* Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani, Tahdhib al-Tahdhib
* Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidayah wa'l-Nihayah
* Ibn Kathir, Tafsir al-Qur'an al-`Azim
* al-Nasa'i, Al-Khasa'is
* al-Khatib al-Tabrizi, Mishkat al-Masabih
* al-Haythami, Majma` al-Zawa`id
* Ibn `Abd al-Barr, Al-Isti`ab fi ma`rifat al-ashab
* Ibn `Abd Rabbih, Al-`Iqd al-Farid
* Ibn Abi Shaybah, Al-Musannaf
* Ibn al-'Athir, `Ali b. Muhammad, Usd al-ghaba
* Ibn al-'Athir, al-Mubarak b. Muhammad, Al-Nihaya fi gharib al-hadith
* Ibn Hajar al-Makki, Al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqa
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Hilyat al-Awliya'
* al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, Ta'rikh Baghdad
* al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Kanz al-`ummal
* al-Shahrastani al-Shafi`i, Al-Milal wa'l-Nihal
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Al-Durr al-Manthur
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Tarikh al-Khulafa'
* al-Tabarani, Al-Mu`jam al-Kabir
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* al-Wahidi, Asbab al-Nuzul
* Nur al-Din al-Halabi al-Shafi`i, al-Sira al-Halabiyya
* Al-Mizzi, Tuhfat al-ashraf bi-ma`rifat al-atraf
* Ibn al-Jazari, Asna al-Matalib
* Abu Ya`la al-Musali, Musnad
* al-Tahawi, Mushkil al-athar
* al-Dulabi, al-Kuna wa'l-asma
* Muhibb al-Din al-Tabari, Riyad al-Nadirah
* Al-Tha`labi, Tafsir Kashf wa'l-bayan
* al-Alusi al-Baghdadi, Ruh al-Ma`ani
* Abu Bakr al-Bazzar, Musnad
* Ibn Miskawayh, Nadim al-farid
* al-Tha`alibi, Thimar al-qulub
* al-Zamakhshari, Rabi` al-abrar
* al-Munawi, Fayd al-qadir
* Wali Allah al-Dihlawi, Qurrat al-`aynayn
* Badr al-Din al-`Ayni, `Umdat al-Qari
* al-Qasim b. Sallam, Tafsir Gharib al-Qur'an
* Ibn Abi `Asim al-Shaybani, Kitab al-Sunnah
* `Abd Allah b. Ahmad b. Hanbal, Fada'il `Ali
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Akhbar Isbahan
* al-Maqrizi, al-Khitat
* Abu Nu`aym al-'Isfahani, Ma nazala min al-Qur'an fi `Ali
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-'Azhar fi ma `aqdahu al-shu`ara' min al-'ash`ar
* Muhammad `Abduh, Tafsir al-Manar
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-'Itqan
* Ibn Abi al-Hadid al-Mu`tazili, Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah
* al-Samhudi al-Shafi`i, Jawahir al­`iqdayn
* Ba Kathir al-Makki, Wasilat al-Ma'al
* Ibn al-Sabbagh al-Maliki, al-Fusul al-muhimmah
* al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi, Nawadir al-usul
* Abu `Abd Allah al-Muhamili al-Dabbi, al-'Amali
* Nizam al-Din al-Naysaburi, Ghara'ib al-Qur'an
* Shihab al-Din al-Khafaji, Nasim al-riyad
* al-Shawkani al-San`ani, Fath al-qadir
* al-Maybudi, Sharh Diwan `Ali [a]
* al-Samhudi al-Shafi`i, Wafa' al-wafa'
* Al-Majlisi, Bihar al-anwar
* Sulaym b. Qays al-Hilali, Asl Sulaym b. Qays
* al-Khatib al-Khawarazmi, Kitab al-Manaqib
* al-Juwayni al-Hamawayni, Fara'id al-Samtayn
* al-Balkhi al-Qunduzi, Yanabi` al-mawaddah
* Ibn al-Maghazili, al-Manaqib
* al-Kanji al-Shafi`i, Kifayat al-Talib
* al-Shaykhani al-Qadiri, Sirat al-sawi
* Sibt b. al-Jawzi, Tadhkirat khawass al-'ummah
* Abu Muhammad al-`Asimi, Zayn al-fata
* al-Zarandi, Nazm durar al-simtayn
* Abu Sa`id al-Sijzi, al-Dirayah fi Hadith al-Wilayah
* al-Badakhshi, Miftah al-naja
* al-'Ardabili, Wasilat al-muta`abbidin
* Muhammad b. Talhah al-Shafi`i, Matalib al-sa'ul
* al-Turbashti, al-Mu`tamad fi al-Mu`taqad
* al-Wassabi al-Shafi`i, al-'Iktifa
* Khawajah Mulla, Ibtal al-batil
* `Abd al-Wahhab al-Bukhari, Tafsir Anwari
* Jamal al-Din `Ata' Allah al-Shirazi, al-'Arba`in fi fada'il Amir al-Mu'minin
* Muhammad Mahbub al-`Alam, Tafsir al-Shahi
* al-'Amir al-Yamani al-San`ani, Rawdat al-nadiyyah
* al-`Ujayli al-Shafi`i, Dhakhirat al-ma'al
* Muhammad b. `Ali al-Sabban, Is`af al-raghibin
* Rashid al-Din Khan al-Dehlawi, Fath al-mubin
* Muhammad Mubin al-Lakhnawi, Wasilat al-najat
* Haydar `Ali al-Fayd Abadi, Muntaha al-kalam
* Ahmad b. Mustafa al-Qadayn Khani, Hidayat al-martab
* Muhammad Mahmud al-Rafi`i, Sharh Hashimiyyat
* Muhammad Shakir Khayyat, Sharh Hashimiyyat
* Ibn Shahrashub, Manaqib Al Abi Talib
* Ibn Haddad al-Haskani, Shawahid al-tanzil
* al-Natanzi, al-Khasa'is al-`Alawiyyah
* Sayyid Shahab al-Din Ahmad, Tawdih al-Dala'il
* Ibn Haddad al-Haskani, Du`a' al-hudat
* al-Sayyid Hashim al-Bahrani, Ghayat al-Maram
* al-Irbili, Kashf al-ghumma
* Abu Bakr al-Naqqash, Shifa' al-sudur
* Abu al-Hasan Sharif, Diya' al-`Alamin
* al-Qatifi, al-Firqat al-najiyah

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Narrations that mention the location of the event as Ghadir Khumm or al-Juhfa

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Chains of Transmission for this context in
Abu al-Hasan Sharif, Diya' al-`Alamin
[1]

O245 Abu al-Hasan Sharif Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
Diya' al-`Alamin  
Manuscript,      
 

S153 al-Tabari, Muhammad b. Jarir, Abu Ja`far al-Tabari
(d. 310 AH/922 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
C42 Zayd b. Arqam al-Ansari al-Khazraji
(d. 68 AH/688 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
L8


أبوجعفر محمد بن جرير الطبري أخرج باسناده في - كتاب الولاية في طرق حديث الغدير - عن زيد بن أرقم قال لما نزل النبي صلى ‏الله عليه وسلم بغدير خم في رجوعه من حجة الوداع وكان في وقت الضحى وحر شديد أمر بالدوحات فقمت ونادى الصلاة جامعة ‏فاجتمعنا فخطب خطبة بالغة ثم قال: إن الله تعالى انزل إلي: بلغ ما انزل إليك من ربك وإن لم تفعل فما بلغت رسالته والله يعصمك ‏من الناس، وقد أمرني جبرئيل عن ربي أن أقوم في هذا المشهد واعلم كل أبيض وأسود: ان علي بن أبي طالب أخي ووصيي وخليفتي ‏والامام بعدي، فسألت جبرئيل أن يستعفي لي ربي لعلمي بقلة المتقين وكثرة المؤذين لي واللائمين لكثرة ملازمتي لعلي وشدة إقبالي عليه ‏حتى سموني اذنا، فقال تعالي: ومنهم الذين يؤذون النبي ويقولون هو اذن قل اذن خير لكم. ولو شئت أن اسميهم وأدل عليهم لفعلت ‏ولكني بسترهم قد تكرمت ، فلم يرض الله إلا بتبليغي فيه فاعلموا. معاشر الناس! ذلك: فإن الله قد نصبه لكم وليا وإماما، وفرض ‏طاعته على كل أحد، ماض حكمه، جائز قوله، ملعون من خالفه، مرحوم من صدقه، إسمعوا وأطيعوا، فإن الله مولاكم وعلى إمامكم، ‏ثم الامامة في ولدي من صلبه إلى القيامة لا حلال إلا ما أحله الله ورسوله، ولا‎ ‎حرام إلا ما حرم الله ورسوله وهم، فما من علم إلا وقد ‏أحصاه الله في ونقلته إليه فلا تضلوا عنه ولا تستنكفوا منه، فهو الذي يهدي إلى الحق ويعمل به، لن يتوب الله على أحد أنكره ولن ‏يغفر له، حتما على الله أن يفعل ذلك أن يعذبه عذابا نكرا أبد الآبدين، فهو أفضل الناس بعدي ما نزل الرزق وبقي الخلق، ملعون من ‏خالفه، قولي عن جبرئيل عن الله ، فلتنظر نفس ما قدمت لغد. إفهموا محكم القرآن ولا تتبعوا متشابهه، ولن يفسر ذلك لكم إلا من أنا ‏آخذ بيده وشائل بعضده ومعلمكم: إن من كنت مولاه فهذا فعلي مولاه، وموالاته من الله‎ ‎عزوجل أنزلها علي. ألا وقد أديت، ألا وقد ‏بلغت، ألا وقد أسمعت، ألا و وقد أوضحت، لا تحل إمرة المؤمنين بعدي لاحد غيره. ثم رفعه إلى السماء حتى صارت رجله مع ركبة ‏النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وقال: معاشر الناس هذا أخي ووصيي وواعي علمي وخليفتي على من آمن بي وعلى: تفسير كتاب ربي. وفي ‏رواية. أللهم وال من والاه، وعاد من عاداه، والعن من أنكره، وأغضب على من جحد حقه، أللهم إنك أنزلت عند تبيين ذلك في على ‏أليوم أكملت لكم دينكم. بامامته فمن لم يأتم به وبمن كان من ولدي من صلبه إلى القيامة فأولئك حبطت أعمالهم وفي النار هم ‏خالدون، إن ابليس أخرج آدم "عليه السلام" من الجنة مع كونه صفوة الله بالحسد فلا تحسدوا فتحبط أعمالكم وتزل أقدامكم، في ‏علي نزلت سورة والعصر إن الانسان لفي خسر[-1-]. معاشر الناس! آمنوا بالله ورسوله والنور الذي انزل معه من قبل أن نطمس ‏وجوها فنردها على أدبارهم أو نلعنهم كما لعنا أصحاب السبت. النور من الله في ثم في علي ثم في النسل منه إلى القائم المهدي. معاشر ‏الناس! سيكون من بعدى أئمة يدعون إلى النار ويوم القيامة لا ينصرون، وإن الله وأنا بريئان منهم إنهم وأنصارهم و أتباعهم في الدرك ‏الاسفل‎ ‎من النار، وسيجعلونها ملكا إغتصابا فعندها يفرغ لكم أيها الثقلان! ويرسل عليكما شواظ من نار ونحاس فلا تنتصران. ‏ألحديث. "ضياء العالمين". [-1-] في الدر المنثور ج 6 ص 392 من طريق ابن مردويه عن ابن عباس ان قوله تعالى: "الا الذين آمنوا ‏وعملوا الصالحات" نزل في على وسلمان.‏



In the chapter dealing with the chains of transmission of the Ghadir tradition of his book “Al-Wilaya”, Abu Ja`far Muhammad b. Jarir al-Tabari quoted Zayd ibn ‘Arqam as saying:

“When the Prophet [s] stopped at the pond of Ghadir on his way back from the Farewell Pilgrimage - it was a very hot morning - he ordered for a platform to be built. Hearing the call for a congregational prayer, we gathered and he gave a strong sermon. He said: Allah has revealed to me: ‘O Apostle! Deliver what has been sent down to you from your Lord; and if you don't do it, you have not delivered His message; and Allah will protect you from the people.’ Jibril (archangel Gabriel) has informed me of my Lord’s command to stand up in this place and announce to all men, white and black that: 'Ali ibn Abi Talib is my brother, my vicegerent, my successor and the leader (Imam) after me. I asked Jibril to ask my Lord for exemption knowing that there are only a few who are pious and many who molest me and criticize me for being so close and so dedicated to 'Ali, calling me one who believes everything that he hears; Allah said about that: ‘ And they say: He is one who believes everything that he hears; say: A hearer of good for you.’ I could name them and point at them If I wished, but I will be kind to them and won’t. Allah will not settle for less than the announcement of 'Ali’s leadership. So, let it be known to you O people! Allah has installed him to you as a leader (wali) and an Imam and made obeying him incumbent upon everyone; his ruling is effective and his word is decisive. Cursed shall be the ones who disobey him, and God’s mercy shall be to the ones who are true to him. Listen and obey; Allah is your guide and 'Ali is your leader. After him and until the Day of Resurrection, the leadership will be for his sons, my posterity. Nothing is forbidden unless Allah, them, and I say so. Allah knows everything and I taught him everything Allah taught me. So, hold on to him and do not reject him for by Allah he is the one who guides to the right way and acts according to it. Allah will never forgive the one who reject him and will definitely punish him with an awful punishment forever and ever, for he is the best human after me as long as there is life on this earth. Cursed is the one who disobeys him. I am conveying to you what Allah told me through Jibril. ‘Let every soul consider what it has forwarded for the morrow’. Understand the decisive verses; do not follow the allegorical ones. No one can explain those to you but the one whose hand I am holding up. I am letting you know that for whoever I am his master, 'Ali is his master. It is Allah who commanded me to install him as a leader. Indeed, I have fulfilled my duty by clearly informing you. No one else is permitted to claim leadership.” He then lifted him high up until his legs was at the same level as the Prophet’s knee and said: “ O’ people, this is my brother, my vicegerent, the retainer of my knowledge and my successor upon the believers and upon the interpretation of the Quran. [In another narration: O Allah! love those who love him, and be hostile to those who are hostile to him; curse those who renounce him; be cross with those who deny him his right. O Allah! To clarify that it is in regards to 'Ali, you sent down: Today I have perfected for you your religion with his leadership. Therefore, the one who does not follow him, and his descendants of my grandchildren until Resurrection Day will be among those ‘whose works are vain and in the Fire they will abide’. Iblis (Satan) caused Adam (a) to depart from the Garden, despite him being the best, because of envy. So, do not envy him lest you make a mistake and your deeds become vain while you do not perceive. It is in regards to 'Ali that Sura “al-Asr” was revealed*. O‘ people! ‘ Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and in the Light which He sent down with him before We alter faces then turn them on their backs, or curse them as We cursed the violators of the Sabbath’. The Light from Allah is in me then in 'Ali then in his posterity down to al-Mahdi, the Qai’m. O people! There will be after me leaders inviting to the Fire; and on the Day of Judgment no help shall they find. Allah and I have nothing to do with them; they and their followers are in lowest depths of the Fire. ‘At that time God shall settle your affairs, you two armies’. ‘The flames of fire and smoke will be sent on you two, and then you will not be able to defend yourselves’. [The Hadith in “Diya' al-`Alamin”]

* On page 392, volume 6 of “Ad-Durr al-Manthur” Ibn Mardawayh relates from Ibn ‘Abbas that the verse: ‘Except those who believe and do good’, was sent down in regards to ‘Ali and Salman.


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