Ghadir Khumm
in the Qur'an, Hadith, History

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* Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidayah wa'l-Nihayah
* Ibn Kathir, Tafsir al-Qur'an al-`Azim
* al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, Ta'rikh Baghdad
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Al-Durr al-Manthur
* Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-'Itqan
* Ibn al-Sabbagh al-Maliki, al-Fusul al-muhimmah
* Sulaym b. Qays al-Hilali, Asl Sulaym b. Qays
* al-Khatib al-Khawarazmi, Kitab al-Manaqib
* al-Juwayni al-Hamawayni, Fara'id al-Samtayn
* al-Balkhi al-Qunduzi, Yanabi` al-mawaddah
* Ibn al-Maghazili, al-Manaqib
* Sibt b. al-Jawzi, Tadhkirat khawass al-'ummah
* al-Zarandi, Nazm durar al-simtayn
* Abu Sa`id al-Sijzi, al-Dirayah fi Hadith al-Wilayah
* Muhammad b. Talhah al-Shafi`i, Matalib al-sa'ul
* al-Natanzi, al-Khasa'is al-`Alawiyyah
* al-Qatifi, al-Firqat al-najiyah

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Narrations that mention the date of the day of Ghadir Khumm as the 18th of Dhu'l Hijjah

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Chains of Transmission for this context in All books
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24]

S257 al-Juwayni, Ibrahim b. Muhammad b. al-Mu'ayyad, Sadr al-Din Abu al-Majami` al-Hamawayni or al-Hamawi al-Shafi`i Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
Fara'id al-samtayn fi fada'il al-Murtada wa al-batul wa al-sibtayn  
Beirut: Mu'assasat al-Mahmudi (2 vols), 1978  vol. 1, p. 72   
 
Linked to scanned page from Fara'id al-samtayn fi fada'il al-Murtada wa al-batul wa al-sibtayn

O230 Taj al-Din Abu Talib `Ali b. al-Husayn b. `Uthman b. `Abd Allah al-Khazin
(d. 0 AH/622 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
O229 Burhan al-Din Nasir b. Abi al-Makarim al-Matrazi
(d. 0 AH/622 CE)
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S229 al-Khatib al-Khawarazmi, Muwaffaq b. Ahmad, Abu al-Mu'ayyad al-Makki, known as Akhtab al-Muwaffaq
(d. 538 AH/1144 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
O223 Shahrdar b. Shirwayh b. Shahrdar, Abu Mansur al-Daylami
(d. 0 AH/622 CE)
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O228 `Abdus b. `Abd Allah b. `Abdus, Abu al-Fath al-Hamadani
(d. 0 AH/622 CE)
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O227 `Abd Allah b. Ishaq al-Baghawi
(d. 0 AH/622 CE)
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O226 al-Hasan b. `Aqil al-Ghanawi
(d. 0 AH/622 CE)
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O225 Muhammad b. `Abd al-Rahman al-Zarra` (or al-Dharra`)
(d. 0 AH/622 CE)
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S87 Qays b. Hafs b. al-Qa`qa`, Abu Muhammad al-Tamimi al-Darimi al-Basri
(d. 227 AH/842 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
O252 `Ali b. al-Husayn al-`Abdi
(d. 0 AH/622 CE)
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C49 Abu Sa`id al-Khudri, Sa`d b. Malik al-Ansari
(d. 74 AH/693 CE)
Reliability of this narrator Chains of narration (Isnad) with this narrator
M6a


وروى صدر الدين الحمويني شعر حسان يوم الغدير بقوله: أنبأني الشيخ تاج الدين أبوطالب علي بن الحسين بن عثمان بن عبد الله ‏الخازن، قال أبنأنا الامام برهان الدين ناصر بن أبي المكارم المطرزي إجازة قال: أنبأنا الامام أخطب خوارزم أبوالمؤيد الموفق بن أحمد ‏المكي الخوارزمي قال: أخبرني سيد الحفاظ فيما كتب إلي من همدان، أنبأنا الرئيس أبوالفتح كتابة، حدثنا عبد الله بن اسحاق البغوي، ‏نبأنا الحسن بن عقيل الغنوي، أنبأنا محمد بن عبد الله الذراع، أنبأنا قيس بن حفص قال: حدثني علي بن الحسين العبدي عن أبي سعيد ‏الخدري. إن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يوم دعا الناس إلى غدير خم، أمر الناس بما كانت تحت الشجرة من الشوك فقم - وذلك يوم ‏الخميس - ثم دعا الناس إلى علي فأخذ بضبعه فرفعها، حتى نظر الناس إلى بياض إبطيه صلى الله عليه وسلم، ثم لم يفترقا حتى نزلت ‏هذه الآية: (اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الاسلام دينا) فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: الله ‏اكبر على إكمال الدين وإتمام النعمة ورضى الرب برسالتي والولاية لعلي. ثم قال: اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه وانصر من نصره ‏واخذل من خذله. فقال حسان بن ثابت: يا رسول الله أتأذن لي أن أقول أبياتا؟ قال: قل ببركة الله، فقال حسان بن ثابت: يا مشيخة ‏قريش إسمعوا شهادة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، ثم أنشأ يقول: يناديهم يوم الغدير نبيهم - بخ وأسمع بالنبي مناديا - بأني مولاكم ‏نعم ووليكم - وقالوا ولم يبدو هناك التعاميا - إلهك مولانا وأنت ولينا - ولا تجدن في الخلق للامر عاصيا - فقال له قم يا علي فإنني ‏‏- رضيتك من بعدي إماما وهاديا.‏



39. Al-Shaykh Taj al-Din Abu Talib `Ali b. 'Anjab b. `Uthman b. `Ubaydallah al-Khazin informed me, he said: Imam Burhan al-Din Nasir b. Abi al-Makarim al-Mutarrazi informed us through license, he said: Imam ‘Akhtab al-Khawarizm Abu al-Mu’ayyad Muwaffaq b. Ahmad al-Makki al-Khawarizmi informed us, he said: Sayyid al-huffaz reported to me in what he wrote to me from Hamdan that al-Ra’is Abu al-Fath `Abdus b. `Abdallah b. `Abdus al-Hamdani] informed us in writing: `Abdallah b. Ishaq al-Baghawi informed us: al-Hasan b. `Alil al-`Anzi [1] informed us: Muhammad b. `Abdallah al-Dhari` informed us: Qays b. Hafs informed us, he said: `Ali b. al-Hasan al-`Abdi narrated to me:

From Abi Harun al-`Abdi from Abi Sa`id al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah, blessings of Allah on him and his family, summoned the people to `Ali, peace be on him, in Ghadir Khumm. He gave instructions about the thorns under the tree and they were swept up. That was a Thursday. He called `Ali and took him by his upper arms and raised them up until the people saw the whiteness of the armpits of the Messenger of Allah. They did not disperse until this verse was revealed: ‘Today I have perfected for you your religion, and I have completed My blessing upon you, and I have approved Islam for your religion’ (5:3).

The Messenger of Allah, blessings of Allah on him and his family, said: “Allah is most Great at the perfection of religion and the completion of blessings, and the Lord’s acceptance of my mission and the Wilaya of `Ali after me.” Then he said: “Of whomsoever I am master (mawla), `Ali is his master. O Allah, befriend one who befriends him and be at enmity with one who is hostile to him; help the one who helps him and forsake the one who forsakes him.”

Hassan said: “Will you permit me, O Messenger of Allah, to recite some verses on `Ali, peace be upon him, for you to hear.” He said: “Recite, with the blessing of Allah.”

So Hassan rose and said: “O elders of Quraysh, listen to my profession of the testimony of the Messenger of Allah, blessings of Allah on him and his family, concerning the confirmed Wilaya:

On the day of al-Ghadir their Prophet calls to them at Khumm, so listen to the Messenger calling;

He says: ‘Who is your master and your guardian’? They said, without displaying blindness there…"

[1] It is so in hadith 5, section 14 of Manaqib al-Khawarizmi, pg. 80. He is al-`Anzi al-Basri, resident of Samarra’, whose biography is mentioned in Kitab al-Jarh wa’l Ta`dil of Ibn Abi Hatim, vol. 1, part 1, pg. 32. A biography has also been written on him by al-Khatib in Ta'rikh Baghdad, vol. 7 pg. 398 who said: He was a man of letters and knowledge and was a truthful man. His father’s name was `Ali and his title (laqab) was `Alil, and he gained ascendancy over him. He died in 290 A.H.

I say: The hadith was also related - without the verses – by Ibn `Asakir in No. 546 and in the biography of Amir al-Mu’minin after it in the Ta'rikh Dimishq, vol. 2, pg. 47, first edition.

The hadith was also related by al-Khawarizmi with the above chain of transmission in the “Fada’il Amir al-Mu'minin, peace be upon him” in Section 4 of his Maqtal, vol. 1, pg. 47.

Then he said: And this hadith was related without the verses from the Companions `Umar, `Ali, al-Bara’ b. `Azib, Sa`d b. Abi Waqqas, Talha b. `Ubaydallah, al-Husayn b. `Ali, Ibn Mas`ud, `Ammar b. Yasir, Abu Dharr, Abu Ayyub, Ibn `Umar, `Umran b. Hasin, Buraydah b. al-Husayb, Abu Hurayrah, Jabir b. `Abdallah, Anas, Hudhayfah b. Usayd al-Ghifari, Zayd b. Arqam, `Abd al-Rahman b. Ya`mar al-Du’ali, `Amr b. al-Hamaq, `Umar b. Sharjil, Najiya b. `Umar, Jabir b. Samurah, Malik b. al-Huwayrith, Abu Dhuwayb, the poet, and Abdallah b. Rabi`ah.

I say: The reports of most of those to whom al-Khawarizmi has referred as having reported the hadith of Ghadir will be found under No. 500 and in the following biography of Amir al-Mu’minin, peace be upon him, in Ta'rikh Dimishq, vol. 2, pg. 50-90.


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