in the Qur'an, Hadith, History
al-Kha>يb al-Baghdلdي, A<mad b. `Alي b. Thلbit, Abْ Bakr
[Biographical Notes in 'Reliance of the Traveller', Noah (Nْ<) \ل Mيm Keller, USA: Sunna Books, 1991 CE, x216 (pp. 1066-7) ]
Khatib Baghdadi (w56.2) is Ahmad ibn `Ali ibn Thabit, Abu Bakr al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, born in Ghuzayya, midway between Kufa and Mecca, in 392/1002. He was a Shafi`i scholar, hadith master (hafiz), and historian who was raised in Baghdad and travelled to Mecca, Basra, al-Dinawar, Kufa, and other cities in quest of hadith before returning to Baghdad, where his ability won recognition from the caliph's vizier Ibn Musallam. A turn in political fortunes toward the end of his career caused him to leave Baghdad for a period, during which he travelled to Syria and resided in Damascus, Sur, Tripoli, and Aleppo before returning. He authored some fifty-six works in hadith, Sacred Law, and history, though he is best known for his fourteen-volume Tarikh Baghdad [The history of Baghdad]. In his final illness he made a pious endowment of his entire library and distributed his money and property to charitable causes. He died in Baghdad in 463/1072 (al-A`lam (y136), 1.172; and Tabaqat al-Shafi`iyya al-kubra (y128), 4.29).
[al-Ghadيr fي al-kitلb wa'l-sunnah wa'l-adab, al-Amيnي, `Abd al-\usayn A<mad al-Tabrيzي al-Najafي, Beirut: Mu'assasat al-A`lamي (11 vols), 1414 AH/1994 CE, vol. 1, pp. 145-6 ]
ألحافظ أحمد بن علي بن ثابت أبوبكر الخطيب البغدادي المتوفى 463، قال إبن الاثير في الكامل ج 10 ص 26: كان إمام الدنيا في عصره، وترجمه السبكي في طبقاته ج 3 ص 12 - 16 وأثنى عليه وأكثر وقال: قال إبن ماكولا: كان أبوبكر آخر الاعيان ممن شاهدناه معرفة وحفظا وإتقانا وضبطا لحديث رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وتفننا في علله وأسانيده وعلما بصحيحه وغريبه وفرده ومنكره ومطروحه ولم يكن للبغداديين بعد أبي الحسن الدارقطني مثله: وتوجد له ترجمة ضافية في تاريخ إبن عساكر ج 1 ص 398.
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