in the Qur'an, Hadith, History
Ibn Khafif, Muhammad b. Khafif b. Isfikshar, Abu `Abd Allah al-Shirazi
[Biographical Notes in 'Reliance of the Traveller', Noah (Nuh) Ha Mim Keller, USA: Sunna Books, 1991 CE, Biography x166 (pg. 1056) ]
Ibn Khafif (w9.11) is Muhammad ibn Khafif ibn Isfikshar, Abu 'Abdullah al-Shirazi, born in 276/890. The son of a prince, he later turned to asceticism, wandered much, and became a Sufi of whom Sulami said, "He is today the Sheikh of Sheikhs.... No Sufi remains who is more advanced than he. He kept the company of Ruwaym ibn Ahmad and Ibn `Ata', met al-Hallaj, and is among the most knowledgeable sheikhs in outward learning, strictly adhering to the Koran and sunna, a Shafi`i scholar." He lived in Shiraz, Persia, where he died at ninety-five years of age in 371/982 (ibid., 6.114; and Siyar a`lam al-nubala' (y37), 16.342-47).
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