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Narrators of Hadith al-Thaqalayn of Seventh-Thirteenth Century

250. Abu al-Futuh As’ad ibn Mahmud ibn Khalaf al-’Ijli al-Isfahani (d. 600/1203).

In his Fada'iI al-Khulafa', as mentioned by al-Samhudi, op. cit.

251. Al-Mubarak ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-­Karim, known as Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari (d. 606/1209).

In Jami’ al-usul, i, 187; x, 102, 103, from Jabir and Zayd ibn Arqam and also in his al-Nihayah, under 'thaql' and '‘itrah'. A great grammarian, philologist, exegete and legist.

252. Fakhr al-Din Muhammad ibn ‘Umar al-Razi (d. 606/1209).

In his exegesis Mafatih al-ghayb, vii, 173. A great exegete, mutakallim and philosopher.

253. Abu Muhammad ‘Abd al-Aziz ibn al-Akhdar al-Janabadhi al-Baghdadi (d. 611/1214).

In his Ma’alim al-’Itrat al-Nabawiyyah, as mentioned by al-Samhudi, op. cit., and Ibn Ba Kathir al-Makki (Wasilat al-ma'al, MS.). Tawthiq by al-Dhahabi. 1

254. Al-Rafi’i (d. 623/1226).

In al-Tadwin, twice, in the biographical account of Ahmad ibn Mehran Abu Ja’far al-Qattan, from Jabir, and that of ‘Amr ibn Rafi’ ibn al-­Furat al-Bajali, from Zayd ibn Arqam. A leading scholar.

255. Muwaffaq al-Din ‘Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi (d. 629/1231).

In his al-Mujarrad li lughat al-hadith, I, 253.

256. Abu al-Hasan ‘Izz al-Din Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Karim, known Ibn al-Athir (d. 630/1232).

In Usd al-ghabah, iii, 147, from ‘Abd Allah ibn Hantab. One of the leading historians.

257. Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Mahmud ibn al-Hasan ibn Hibat Allah, known as Ibn al-Najjar (d. 642/1244).

As mentioned by al-Kanji in his Kifayat al-talib. A leading scholar of his era, traditionist, historian and author of several works. 2

258. Diya' al-Din Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahid al-Maqdisi al-­Hanbali (d. 643/1245).

In his al-Mukhtarah, as mentioned by Ibn Ba Kathir al-Makki (Wasilat al-ma'al). A leading scholar and traditionist. 3

259. Radi al-Din Hasan ibn Muhammad al-­Saghani (d. 650/1252).

In his Mashariq al-anwar (Ibn al-Malik's sharh, iii, 157) from Zayd ibn Arqam. An eminent grammarian, traditionist and legist. 4

260. Abu Salim Muhammad ibn Talhah al-Qarashi al-Nasibi al-Shafi’i (d. 652/1254).

In his Matalib al-sa'ul, 8, from Sahih Muslim. A leading scholar of his era. 5

261. Abu al-Muzaffar Shams al-Din Yusuf ibn Qizughli, Sibt ibn al-Jawzi (d. 654/1256).

In his Tadhkirat khawass al-ummah, 322-323, where he establishes its authenticity and sihhah. A leading scholar whose biography has been written by all the major biographers.

262. Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn ‘Umar al-Qurtubi al-Ansari (d. 656/1258).

In his Talkhis Sahih Muslim, ii, F. 100. A leading scholar of his era. 6

263. ‘Izz al-Din ‘Abd al-Hamid ibn Hibat Allah ibn Abi al-Hadid al-Mu’tazili (d. 656/1258).

In his Sharh Nahj al-balaghah, vi, 375. An eminent Mu’tazili scholar of his era and man of letters.

264. Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Yusuf ibn Muhammad al-Kanji al-Shafi’i (d. 658/1260).

In his Kifayat al-talib, bab fi bayan sihhat khutbatihi bima' yud’a Khumman 259, from al-Laythi, from Abu al-Waqt, from al-­Dawudi. A leading scholar.

265. Abu al-Fath Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr al-Abiwardi al-Shafi’i (d. 667/1268).

As mentioned by al-Suyuti in Ihya' al-mayyit, 30, and al-Badakhshi, op. cit., from him, from Abu Sa’id. A leading traditionist (al-imam al-­muhaddith). 7

266. Abu Zakariyya Muhyi al-Din Yahya ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi (d. 676/1277).

In his Tahdhib al-asma' wa al-lughat, i, 347, and al-Minhaj fi sharh Sahih Muslim, xv, 180, from Sahih Muslim. One of the leading scholars (al-imam al-Allamah).

267. Abu Muhammad Sharaf al-Din ‘Umar ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahid al-Musili.

In his book al-Na’im al-muqim Ii ‘Itrat al-Nabi al-Azim, Maktabat Ayasofiya MS. 3504, F. 64, 69.

268. Al-Qadi Nasir al-Din al-Baydawi (d. 685/1286).

In Tuhfat al-abrar, F. 236, sharh on al-Baghawi's Masabih al-Sunnah, from Jabir. A leading exegete and legist.

269. Abu al-Abbas Muhibb al-Din Ahmad ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Tabari al-Makki al-Shafi’i (d. 694/1294).

In Zakha'ir al-’uqba fi manaqib Dhawi al-Qurba, 16, from Zayd ibn Arqam. A well-known scholar.

270. Sa’id al-Din Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Farghani (d. 699/ 1299).

In his exposition, in Persian, of Ibn al-Farid's poem, Ta'iyyah, under the couplet:

" wa awdih bitta'wili ma kana mushkila

‘alayya bi’ilmin nalahu bil wasiyyah"

271. Nizam al-Din Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn al-Husayn al-­Qummi al-Nishaburi, known as al-Nizam al-A’raj.

In his exegesis Ghara'ib al-Qur'an, i, 349. An outstanding scholar and exegete.

  • 1. Tadhkirat al-huffaz, iv, 1383.
  • 2. Al-Ibar, v, 179; Tadhkirat al-huffaz, iv, 1405.
  • 3. Ibid., iv, 1428.
  • 4. Ibn Shakir, Fawat al-Wafayat, i, 358; al-Ibar, v, 205; Mir'at al-jinan, iv, 121.
  • 5. Al-Kanji, Kifayat al-talib, 231; al-Badakhshi, Miftah al-naja, MS.
  • 6. Ibn Farhun, al-Dibaj al-­mudhahhab, 68.
  • 7. Tadhkirat al-huffaz, iv, 1476; Tabaqat al-huffaz, 511.

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