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Bibliography

Note: With the exception of the Holy Qur’an, the following author-based bibliographical entries are arranged in Arabic-Persian alphabetical order, as in the original version. {Trans.}

Holy Qur’an.

أ

Ali ‘Abd al-Jabbar, Shaykh Muhammad ibn Shaykh ‘Abd ‘Ali. Ithbat al-Imamah al-Musma bi’l-Shahab ath-Thawaqib fi Rajm Shayatin an-Nawasib. n.p.: Al-Huda, n.d.
Ibn Abi’l-Hadid, ‘Abd al-Hamid. Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah, researched by Muhammad Abu’l-Fadhl Ibrahim. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ at-Turath al-‘Arabi, 1378 AH; Cairo: Dar Ihya’ al-Kutub al-‘Arabi, 1961.

Ibn Athir, ‘Izz ad-Din Abu’l-Hasan ‘Ali ibn Muhammad Abi’l-Kiram. Asad al-Ghabah fi Ma‘rifah as-Sahabah. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ at-Turath al-‘Arabi, n.d.
_____. Al-Kamil fi’t-Tarikh. Beirut: Dar Sadir, 1402 AH.
_____. Al-Futuh. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1406 AH and Beirut: Dar al-Adhwa’, n.d.
Ibn Taqtaqa’. Al-Fakhri fi’l-Adab as-Saltaniyyah wa’d-Duwal al-Islamiyyah. Beirut: Dar Sadir, 1385 AH.
Ibn al-Jawzi, Abu’l-Faraj ‘Abd ar-Rahman ibn ‘Ali. Al-Muntazim fi Tarikh al-Umam wa’l-Muluk, 1st Edition. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1412 AH.

Ibn al-Jawzi, Sabt. Tadhkirah al-Khawas. Najaf: Manshurat al-Matba‘ah al-Haydariyyah, 1383 AH; Qum: Manshurat ash-Sharif ar-Radhi, 1376 AHS/1418 AH.

_____. Al-Isabah fi Tamyiz as-Sahabah. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ at-Turath al-‘Arabi, n.d.
Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani, Shahab ad-Din ibn ‘Ali. Tahrir Taqrib at-Tahdhib, 1st Edition. Beirut: Mu’assasah ar-Risalah, 1417 AH/1997.

_____. Tahdhib at-Tahdhib, 1st Edition. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1404 AH.

_____. Lisan al-Mizan, 1st Edition. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ at-Turath al-‘Arabi, 1416 AH.
Ibn Hajar Haythami al-Makki, Ahmad. As-Sawa‘iq al-Mahriqah fi’r-Radd ‘ala Ahl al-Bid‘a waz-Zindiqah, 2nd Edition. Cairo: Maktabah al-Qahirah, 1385 AH.
Ibn Hazm al-Andalusi, Abu Muhammad ‘Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Sa‘id. Jumhazah Insab al-‘Arab, 1st Edition. Beirut: n.p., 1403 AH.
Ibn al-Khaldun, ‘Abd ar-Rahman ibn Muhammad. Al-Muqaddimah. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ at-Turath al-‘Arabi, 1408 AH.

Ibn Sa‘d, Muhammad. At-Tabaqat al-Kubra. Beirut: Dar Sadir, 1405 AH; Beirut: Dar Ihya’ at-Turath al-‘Arabi, 1410 AH.
Ibn Shahr Ashub Mazandarani. Ma‘alim al-‘Ulama’. Najaf: Manshurat al-Matba‘ah al-Haydariyyah, 1380 AH/1961.
_____. Manaqib Al Abi Talib. Beirut: Dar al-Adhwa’, 1405 AH; Qum: Mu’assasah Intisharat-e ‘Allameh, n.d.

Ibn Tawus, ‘Ali ibn Musa. Al-Luhuf ‘ala Qatli at-Tufuf, trans. Muhammad Tahir Dezfuli. Qum: Intisharat-e Basirati, 1378 AHS; 1st Edition. Qum: Mu’assaseh-ye Farhang va Intisharati-ye Ansari,1378 AHS.
Ibn Tabataba, Abu Isma‘il ibn Nasir. Muntaqilah at-Talibiyyin, trans. Muhammad Rida ‘Ata’i, 1st Edition. Mashhad: Intisharat-e Astan-e Quds-e Radhawi, 1372 AHS.
Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr, Yusuf ibn ‘Umar. Al-Isti‘yab fi Ma‘rifah al-Ashab (at the margin of Al-Isabah).

Ibn ‘Abd Rabbih al-Andalusi, Ahmad ibn Muhammad. Al-‘Aqd al-Farid. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ at-Turath al-‘Arabi, 1409 AH.
Ibn Asakir. Tarikh ad-Damishq, translation of “Al-Imam ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib,” researched by Muhammad Baqir Mahmudi. Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Mahmudi Li’t-Taba‘ah wa’n-Nashr, n.d.
Ibn ‘Anbah. ‘Umdah at-Talib fi Insab Al Abi Talib. Qum: Intisharat ar-Rida, n.d.
Ibn al-Qutaybah, Abu Muhammad ‘Abd Allah ibn Muslim. Al-Ma‘arif, researched by Tharwah ‘Akkashah, 1st Edition. Qum: Manshurat ash-Sharif ar-Radi, 1415 AH.

Ibn Kathir, Isma‘il ibn ‘Umar. As-Sirah an-Nabawiyyah, researched by Mustafa ‘Abd al-Wahid. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ at-Turath al-‘Arabi, n.d.
Ibn Maytham al-Bahrani, Maytham ibn ‘Ali. An-Najah fi’l-Qiyamah fi Tahqiq al-Imamah, 1st Edition. Qum: Majma‘ al-Fikr al-Islami, 1417 AH.

Ibn Nadim. Al-Fihrist. Beirut: Dar al-Ma‘rifah Li’t-Taba‘ah wa’n-Nashr, n.d.
Ibn Wadhih, Ahmad ibn Abi Ya‘qub. Tarikh al-Ya‘qubi, 1st Edition. Qum: Manshurat ash-Sharif ar-Radi, 1414 AH; Beirut: Manshurat Mu’assasah al-A‘lami Li’l-Matbu‘at, 1413 AH.
Ibn Hisham, Abu Muhammad ‘Abd al-Malik. As-Sirah an-Nabawiyyah. Beirut: Dar al-Ma‘rifah, n.d.

Abu’l-Faraj al-Isfahani, ‘Ali ibn al-Husayn. Al-Aghani. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ at-Turath al-‘Arabi, n.d.
_____. Maqatil at-Talibiyyin. Qum: Manshurat ash-Sharif ar-Radi, 1416 AH/1374 AHS.
Abu Hanifah ad-Daynuri, Ahmad ibn Dawud. Akhbar at-Tuwal. Qum: Manshurat ash-Sharif ar-Rida, n.d.
Abu Mikhnaf. Maqtal al-Husayn ‘Alayhi’s-Salam, researched by Hasan Ghaffari, 2nd Edition. Qum: n.p., 1364 AH.
Abu Na‘im. Tarikh Isfahan. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, n.d.
Ithbat al-Wasiyyah, 4th Eedition. Najaf: Al-Matba‘ah al-Haydariyyah, 1373 AH.
Ahmad ibn Hanbal. Al-Musnad. Beirut: Dar Sadir, n.d.
Akhtab Khwarazmi. Al-Manaqib. Najaf: Manshurat al-Matba‘ah al-Haydariyyah, 1385 AH.
_____. Maqtal al-Husayn. Qum: Manshurat al-Mufid, n.d.

Adam Mitch: Tamaddun-e Islami dar Qarn-e Chaharum-e Hijri {Islamic Civilization in the Fourth Century Hijri}, trans. ‘Ali Rida Dhakawati Qaragzelu. Tehran: Mu’assaseh-ye Intisharat-e Amir Kabir, 1364 AHS.
Ardebili al-Gharawi al-Ha’iri, Muhammad ibn ‘Ali. Jami‘ ar-Ruwah. Qum: Manshurat Maktabah Ayatullah al-‘Uzma al-Mar‘ashi an-Najafi, 1403 AH.
Ash‘ari, Sa‘d ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Qummi. Al-Maqalat wa’l-Firaq, 2nd Edition. Tehran: Markaz-e Intisharat-e ‘Ilmi va Farhangi, 1360 AHS.
Al-Buraqi an-Najafi. Tarikh al-Kufah. Beirut: Dar al-Adhwa’, n.d.
Al-Baghdadi, Abu Mansur ‘Abd al-Qadir ibn Tahir ibn Muhammad. Al-Firaq bayn al-Firaq. Cairo: n.p., 1367 AH.

Al-Hurr al-‘Amili, Muhammad ibn al-Hasan. Wasa’il ash-Shi‘ah, 6th Edition. Tehran: Maktabah al-Islamiyyah, 1403 AH.
Al-Husayni al-Wasti az-Zubaydi al-Hanafi, Abu Faydh as-Sayyid Murtada. Taj al-‘Arus. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr Li’t-Taba‘ah wa’n-Nashr wa’t-Tawzi‘, n.d.
Ar-Razi, Abi Ghalib. Risalah fi Al A‘in. Isfahan: Matba‘ah Rabbani, 1399 AH.
Ash-Shak‘ah, Dr. Mustafa. Al-Adab fi Mawkib al-Hadharah al-Islamiyyah Kitab ash-Shu‘ara. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-Lubnaniyyah, n.d.
Ash-Shirazi, Sayyid ‘Ali Khan. Ad-Darajat ar-Rafi‘ah fi Tabaqat ash-Shi‘ah. Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Wafa’, n.d.; Qum: Manshurat Maktabah Basirati, n.d.
Al-Farahidi, al-Khalil ibn Ahmad. Tartib Kitab al-‘Ayn. Tehran: Intisharat Usweh, n.d.
Al-Mubarrid, Abu’l-‘Abbas Muhammad ibn Yazid. Al-Kamil fi’l-Lughah wa’l-Adab. Damascus: Manshurat Dar al-Hikmah, n.d.

Al-Munqari, Nasr ibn Mazahim. Waq‘ah Siffin. Qum: Manshurat Maktabah Ayatullah al-‘Uzma al-Mar‘ashi an-Najafi, 1404 AH.
An-Numayri al-Basri, Abu Zayd ‘Umar ibn Shabah. Tarikh al-Madinah al-Munawwarah, researched by Fahim Muhammad Shaltut. Qum: Manshurat Dar al-Fikr, 1410 AH.
Amir ‘Ali. Tarikh-e Gharb va Islam {History of the West and Islam}, trans. Fakhr Da‘i Gilani, 3rd Edition. Tehran: Intisharat-e Ganjineh, 1366 AHS.
Amin, Sayyid Muhsin. A‘yan ash-Shi‘ah. Beirut: Dar at-Ta‘aruf Li’l-Matbu‘at, n.d.
Amini, ‘Abd al-Husayn. Al-Ghadir fi’l-Kitab wa’s-Sunnah wa’l-Adab. Tehran: Dar al-Kitab al-Islamiyyah, 1366 AHS.

ب

Bukhari, Muhammad ibn Isma‘il. As-Sahih. n.p.: Biwilaq, 1314 AH.
Burqa, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid. Rijal al-Burqa. n.p.: Mu’assasah al-Qayyum, n.d.
Bastani. Da’irah al-Ma‘arif. Dar al-Ma‘rifah. Beirut: n.p., n.d.
Baladhuri, Ahmad ibn Yahya ibn Jabir. Insab al-Ashraf, researched by Muhammad Baqir Mahmudi. Beirut: Manshurat Mu’assasah al-A‘lami Li’l-Matbu‘at, 1394 AH.

پ

Pur Aqa’i, Sayyid Majid. Tarikh-e ‘Asr-e Ghaybat. Qum: Markaz-e Jahani-ye ‘Ulum-e Islami, n.d.
Pishva’i, Mahdi. Shiva-ye Azadeh, 2nd Edition. Qum: Intisharat-e Tawhid, 1360 AHS.
______. Tarikh-e Islam az Jahiliyyat ta Hajjah al-Wida‘. Arak: Islamic Azad University (Arak Branch), n.d.
_____. Sireh-ye Pishvayan, 8th Edition. Qum: Mu’assaseh-ye Tahqiqati va Ta‘limati-ye Imam Sadiq (‘a), 1378 AHS.
_____. Shakhsiyyat-ha-ye Islami-ye Shi‘eh, 1st Edition. Qum: Intisharat-e Tawhid, 1359 AHS.

ت

Tustari, Muhammad Taqi. Qamus ar-Rijal. Qum: Islamic Publications Office affiliated to the Society of Teachers of the Islamic Seminary in Qum, 1410 AH.

ث

Thaqafi Kufi, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad. Al-Gharat, trans. Muhammad Baqir Kamare’i. n.p.: Farhang-e Islam, n.d.

ج

Jahiz, Abi ‘Uthman ‘Amru ibn Bahr. Al-Bayan wa’t-Tabyin, 1st Edition. Cairo: Matba‘ah Lajnah at-Ta’lif wa’t-Tarjamah wa’n-Nashr, 1367 AH/1948.

Ja‘fariyan, Rasul. Tarikh-e Tashuyyu‘ dar Iran az Aghaz ta Qarn-e Hashtum-e Hijri, 5th Edition. Qum: Shirkat-e Chap wa Nashr-e Sazman-e Tablighat-e Islami, 1377 AHS.
Ja‘fari, Dr. Sayyid Husayn. Tashayyu‘ dar Masir-e Tarikh, trans. Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Ayatullahi, 9th Edition. Tehran: Daftar-e Nashr-e Farhang-e Islami, 1378 AHS.
Ja‘fari, Ya‘qub. Musalmanan dar Bastar-e Tarikh. Tehran: Darfat-e Nashr-e Farhang-e Islami, 1371 AHS.

ح

Hasan Ibrahim, Hasan. Tarikh al-Islam. Cairo: Maktabah an-Nahdhah al-Misriyyah, 1967.
Hasani, ‘Ali Akbar. Tarikh-e Tahlili va Siyasi-ye Islam. Tehran: Darfat-e Nashr-e Farhang-e Islami, 1373 AHS.
Husayn Ya‘qub, Ahmad. An-Nizam as-Siyasi fi’l-Islam, 2nd Edition. Qum: Mu’assasah Ansariyan, 1412 AH.
Haydar, Asad. Al-Imam as-Sadiq wa’l-Madhahib al-Arba‘ah, 2nd Edition. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Arabiyyah, 1390 AH; 3rd Edition, 1403 AH.

خ

Khalid Hasan. Mujtama‘ al-Madinah Qabl al-Hijrah wa Ba‘duha. Beirut: Dar an-Nahdhah al-‘Arabiyyah, n.d.
Khurasani, Muhammad Karim. Tarikh va ‘Aqa’id-e Ferqeh-ye Aqakhaniyyeh, abridged and compiled by Husayn Husayni. Qum: Nashr al-Huda, 1377 AHS.
Khatib Baghdadi. Tarikh Baghdad, 1st Edition. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1417 AH.
Khu’i, Sayyid Abu’l-Qasim. Mu‘jam Rijal al-Hadith. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ at-Turath al-‘Arabi, n.d.
ذ
Dhahabi, Shams ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ahmad. Tarikh al-Islam. Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiyyah, Dar al-Kutub al-Misri and Dar al-Kutub al-Lubnani, 1405 AH.
_____. Mizan al-I‘tidal. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr Li’t-Taba‘ah wa’n-Nashr wa’t-Tawzi‘, n.d.
_____. Tadhkirah al-Huffaz. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ at-Turath al-‘Arabi, n.d.

ر

Rawandi, Qutb ad-Din. Al-Khara’ij wa’l-Jara’ih. 1st Edition. Qum: Mu’assasah al-Imam al-Mahdi, 1409 AH.
Rabbani Gulpaygani, ‘Ali. Firq va Madhahib-e Kalami, 1st Edition. Qum: Markaz-e Jahani-ye ‘Ulum-e Islami, 1377 AHS.
Radhawi Ardekani, Sayyid Abu Fadhil. Mahiyyat-e Qiyam-e Mukhtar. Qum: Intisharat-e Daftar-e Tablighat-e Islami-ye Hawzeh-ye ‘Islmiyyeh-ye Qum, n.d.
Rijal ibn Dawud. Qum: Manshurat ar-Radhi, n.d.

ز
Zubayr ibn Bakkar. Al-Akhbar al-Muwaffaqiyyat, researched by Dr. Sami Makki al-‘Ani. Qum: Manshurat ash-Sharif ar-Radi, 1416 AH.
Zurari, Abu Ghalib. Risalah fi Al A‘yan. Isfahan: Matba‘ah Rabbani, n.d.
Zaydan, Jurji. Tarikh-e Tamaddun-e Islam va Gharb {History of the Islamic and Western Civilizations}, trans. ‘Ali Jawahir al-Kalam. Tehran: Mu’assasah Intisharat-e Amir Kabir, 1372 AHS.
Zayn ‘Amili, Muhammad Husayn. Ash-Shi‘ah fi’t-Tarikh, trans. Muhammad-Rida ‘Ata’i, 2nd Edition. Mashhad: Bunyad-e Pazhuhesh-ha-ye Islami-ye Astan-e Quds-e Radhawi, 1375 AHS.

س

Subhani, Ja‘far. Kulliyyat fi ‘Ilm ar-Rijal, 2nd Edition. Qum: Markaz-e Mudiriyyat-e Hawzeh-ye ‘Ilmiyyeh-ye Qum, 1410 AH.
Salim ibn Qays al-‘Amiri. Beirut: Manshur Dar al-Funun Li’t-Taba‘ah wa’n-Nashr wa’t-Tawzi‘, 1400 AH.
Samhudi, Nur ad-Din. Wafa’ al-Wafa’ bi Akhbar Dar al-Mustafa, researched by Muhammad Muhyi’d-Din ‘Abd al-Majid. n.p.: n.p., n.d.
Sayyid ar-Radi. Nahj al-Balaghah, trans. Faydh al-Islam. n.p.: n.p., n.d.
Suyuti, Jalal ad-Din ‘Abd ar-Rahman. Tarikh al-Khulafa’. Qum: Intisharat ash-Sharif ar-Radi, 1411 AH.
_____. Ad-Durr al-Manthur fi’t-Tafsir bi’l-Ma’thur. Qum: Manshurat Maktabah Ayatullah al-‘Uzma al-Mar‘ashi an-Najafi, 1404 AH.

ش

Shahristani. Kitab al-Milal wa’n-Nihal. Qum: Manshurat ash-Sharif ar-Radi, 1364 AHS.
Shahidi, Sayyid Ja‘far. Tarikh-e Tahlili-ye Islam ta Payan-e Umawi {An Analytical History of Islam till the End of the Umayyad Rule}, 6th Edition. Tehran: Markaz-e Nashr-e Daneshgahi, 1365 AHS.
Shahid al-Awwal, Muhammad ibn Makki. Dhikra. Lithography.
Shahid ath-Thani, Shaykh Zayn ad-Din. Ar-Ri‘ayah fi ‘Ilm ad-Dirayah, 1st Edition. Qum: Manshurat Maktabah Ayatullah al-‘Uzma al-Mar‘ashi an-Najafi, 1408 AH.
_____. Dhikra ash-Shi‘ah fi Ahkam ash-Shari‘ah. Lithography.

ص

Sadr, Sayyid Hasan. Ta’sis ash-Shi‘ah Li ‘Ulum al-Islam. Tehran: Manshurat al-A‘lami, n.d.
_____. Shi‘ah wa Funun al-Islam. Lebanon: n.p., 1331 AH.
Saduq. ‘Uyun Akhbar ar-Rida, 1st Edition. Beirut: Ma’assasah al-A‘lami Li’l-Matbu‘at, 1404 AH; Qum: Dar al-‘Ilm, 1377 AH.
_____. Al-Amali. n.p.: Intisharat-e Kitabfurushi-ye Islamiyyeh, n.d.; Qum: Al-Matba‘ah, 1373 AH.
_____. Al-Khisal. Qum: Manshurat Jami‘ah al-Mudarrisin fi al-Hawzah al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1403 AH.

ض

Ḍayf, Dr. Shawqi. Ash-Shi‘r wa Tawaba‘ah ash-Sha‘biyyah ‘ala Murr al-Ma‘sur. Cairo: Dar al-Ma‘arif, n.d.
_____. Tarikh al-Adab al-‘Arabi al-‘Asr al-‘Abbas al-Awwal. Egypt: Dar al-Ma‘arif, n.d.
_____. Tarikh al-Adab al-‘Arabi al-‘Asr al-‘Abbas ath-Thani. Egypt: Dar al-Ma‘arif, n.d.

ط

Tabataba’i, Sayyid Muhammad Husayn. Al-Mizan fi Tafsir al-Qur’an. Qum: Islamic Publications Office affiliated to the Society of Teachers of the Islamic Seminary in Qum, n.d.
Tabarsi, Abi ‘Ali al-Fadhl ibn al-Hasan. I‘lam al-Wara bi A‘lam al-Huda. Qum: Mu’assasah Al al-Bayt Li Ihya’ at-Turath, 1417 AH.
_____. Majma‘ al-Bayan, 2nd Edition. Beirut: Dar al-Ma‘rifah Li’t-Tiba‘ah wa’n-Nashr, 1408 AH.
Tabarsi, Abi Mansur Ahmad ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib. Al-Ihtijaj. Tehran: Intisharat-e Usweh, n.d.
Tabari, Abu Ja‘far Muhammad ibn Jarir ibn Rustam. Dala’il al-Imamah. Najaf: Manshurat al-Matbu‘at al-Haydariyyah, 1383 AH.
_____. Tarikh al-Umam wa’l-Muluk. Beirut: Dar al-Qamus al-Hadith, n.d.
_____. Tarikh at-Tabari, 2nd Edition. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1408 AH.
Tusi, Abi Ja‘far Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali. Al-Fihrist. Mashhad University, 1315 AHS.
_____. Ikhtiyar Ma‘rifah ar-Rijal (Rijal Kashi). Researched by Sayyid Mahdi Raja’i. Qum: Mu’assasah Al al-Bayt Li Ihya’ at-Turath, 1404 AH.
_____. Tahdhib al-Ahkam. n.p: Maktabah as-Saduq, 1376 AHS/1418 AH.

ع

‘Abd Allah ‘Abd al-‘Aziz ibn Idris. Mujtama’ al-Madinah fi ‘Ahd ar-Rasul. Riyadh: ‘Amarah Shu’un al-Makatib Jami‘ah al-Malik Sa‘ud, n.d.
‘Abduh, Muhammad. Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah. Cairo: Dar Ihya’ al-Kutub al-‘Arabiyyah, n.d.
‘Askari, Murtada. Ma‘alim al-Madrasatayn, 2nd Edition. Tehran: Mu’assasah al-Ba‘thah Qism ad-Dirasat al-Islamiyyah, 1409 AH.

ف

Firuz-Abadi. Qamus al-Lughah. Lithography.

ق

Qa’idan, Asghar. Tahlili bar Mawadhi‘-ye Siyasi-ye ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib pas az Rihlat-e Payambar ta Qatl-e ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan, 2nd Edition. Tehran: Mu’assasah Intisharat-e Amir Kabir, 1376 AHS.

ك

Kashif al-Ghita’, Shaykh Ja‘far. Difa‘ az Haqqaniyyat-e Shi‘eh {In Defense of the Truthfulness of the Shi‘ah}, trans. Ghulam-Hasan Muharrami, 1st Edition. n.p.: Mu’minin, 1378 AHS.
Kandahlawi, Shaykh Muhammad Yusuf. Hayah as-Sahabah, researched by Shaykh Ibrahim Muhammad Ramadan, 2nd Edition. Beirut: Dar al-Ma‘rifah, n.d.
Kird-‘Ali, Muhammad. Khatat ash-Sham, 3rd Edition. Damascus: Maktabah an-Nuri, 1403 AH/1983.

Kalbi. Jumhurah an-Nasab. Beirut: ‘Alam al-Kutub, n.d.
Kulayni, Abi Ja‘far Muhammad ibn Ya‘qub ibn Ishaq. Al-Kafi. Tehran: Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiyyah, 1363 AHS.
Kiya’i-Gilani, Sayyid Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahman. Siraj al-Ansab. Qum: Manshurat Maktabah Ayatullah al-‘Uzma al-Mar‘ashi an-Najafi, 1409 AH.

گ

Gustav Libon. Tarikh-e Tamaddun-e Islam va Gharb {History of the Islamic and Western Civilizations}, trans. Sayyid Hashim Husayni. Tehran: Kitabfurushi-ye Islamiyyeh, n.d.

ق

Al-Qanduzi al-Hanafi, Shaykh Sulayman. Yanabi‘ al-Mawaddah, 1st Edition. Beirut: Manshurat Mu’assasah al-A‘lami Li’l-Matbu‘at, 1418 AH.

ل
Luwis Ma‘luf. Al-Munjid, 1st Edition. n.p.: Intisharat-e Isma‘iliyan, n.d.

م

Mamqani, ‘Abd Allah. Tanqih al-Maqal. Tehran: Intisharat-e Jahan, n.d.
Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Bihar al-Anwar, 2nd Edition. Tehran: Al-Maktabah al-Islamiyyah, 1394 AH.
Muharrami, Ghulam-Hasan. Pazhuhishi-ye Piramun-e Ansar. Qum: Islamic Publications Office affiliated to the Society of Teachers of the Islamic Seminary in Qum, 1378 AHS.
Muhaqqiq, Abu’l-Qasim Ja‘far ibn al-Hasan ibn Yahya ibn Sa‘id. Al-Mu‘tabar. Lithography.
Muhammad ibn Isma‘il. Muntaha’l-Maqal. Qum: Mu’assasah Al al-Bayt Li Ihya’ at-Turath, n.d.
Mukhtar al-Laythi, Dr. Samirah. Jihad ash-Shi‘ah. Beirut: Dar al-Jayl, 1396 AH.

Murtada al-Amili, Sayyid Ja‘far. As-Sahih min Sirah an-Nabi al-A‘zam. Qum: Islamic Publications Office affiliated to the Society of Teachers of the Islamic Seminary in Qum, 1420 AH.
_____. Al-Ghadir wa’l-Mu‘aridhun, 3rd Edition. Beirut: Dar as-Sirah, 1418 AH.
_____. Zindigani-ye Siyasi-ye Imam Jawad (‘a), trans. Sayyid Muhammad Husayni, 8th Edition. Qum: Islamic Publications Office affiliated to the Society of Teachers of the Islamic Seminary in Qum, 1375 AHS.
Mas‘udi, ‘Ali ibn Husayn ibn ‘Ali. At-Tanbiyyah wa’l-Ashraf. Cairo: Dar as-Sawi Li’t-Tab‘ wa’n-Nashr wa’t-Ta’lif, n.d.
_____. Murawwij adh-Dhahab, 1st Edition. Beirut: Manshurat Mu’assasah al-A‘lami Li’l-Matbu‘at, 1411 AH.
Muzaffar, Muhammad Husayn. Tarikh ash-Shi‘ah. Qum: Manshurat Maktabah Basirati, n.d.
Mughniyyah, Muhammad Jawad. Shi‘eh va Zamamdaran-e Khudsar, trans. Mustafa Zamani. n.p.: Intisharat-e Shahid-e Gomnam, n.d.
_____. Ash-Shi‘ah fi’l-Mizan. Qum: Manshurat ash-Sharif ar-Radi, 1413 AH.

Mufid, Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn an-Nu‘man. Al-Irshad, trans. Muhammad Baqir Sa‘idi Khurasani, 2nd Edition. Tehran: Kitabfurushi-ye Islamiyyeh, 1376 AHS.
_____. Al-Jamal, 2nd Edition. Qum: Maktab al-A‘lam al-Islami (Publication Center), 1416 AH.
Muqaddasi, Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Ahmad. Ahsan at-Taqasim fi Ma‘rifah al-Aqalim, trans. Dr. ‘Ali Naqi Manzawi. n.p.: Shirkat-e Mu’allifan va Mutarjiman-e Iran, 1361.
Maqrizi, Taqi ad-Din Abi al-‘Abbas Ahmad ibn ‘Ali. Al-Mawa‘iz wa’l-I‘tibar bi Dhikr al-Khutut wa’l-Athar, 1st Edition. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiyyah, 1418 AH.

ن

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