The Day of Ghadeer
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
The 18th of Dhul-hijjah is a very important day in the calendar of the followers of the Ahlul-Bayt, (A.S.). It is known as Eid al-Ghadeer, refering to that great moment in history when the Holy Prophet, may God bless him and his household, declared in front of over 100,000 Muslims returning from Haj, the WILAYAT OF 'ALI BIN ABI TALIB (a).
The historical details are very well known to all of us and widely found in various books of history, theology and polemics. I would like to quote a few ahadith on the significance of the day. I will be using Mafateehul Jinaan of Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi, a great scholar of this century who has authored important works. May the Almighty elate his soul and keep it in the proximity of His beloved servants.
Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (a) was asked if there was Eid for Muslims besides Friday, Adha and Fitr. Imam replied, "Yes, there is one more Eid which is most great in holiness (a'adhamuha hurmatan)." The person asked him which Eid that was. Imam said:"It is the day when the Messenger of God declared Amirul M'mineen his vicegerent, saying: WAMAN KUNTU MAWLAAHU FA-'ALIYYUN MAWLAAH (Of whosoever I am the Mawlaa, 'Ali is also his Mawlaa). And it is the 18th of Dhil-hijjah."
According to ahadith received Imams (a) some of the a'maal (rituals) recommended for the day of Ghadeer are: