Page is loading...

Bibliography

ABU DAWUD, Sulayman ibn al-Ash‘ath al-Azdi as-Sijistani, (202/817–275/889); as-Sunan, 4vols., Cairo, n.d.

ABU 'L-FIDA’, ‘Imadu’d-Din, Isma‘il ibn ‘Ali ibn Mahmud al-Ayyubi (672/1273–7321338), at-Tarikh (al-Mukhtasar fi akhbari 'l- bashar), Beirut, n.d.

ABU HAYYAN AL-UNDULUSI, Athiru 'd-Din, Ibn Hayyan, Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Gharnati ash-Shafi‘i (654/1256–745/1344), al- Bahru 'l-muhit, (n.p.or d.).

ABU NU‘AYM AL-ISBAHANI, Ahmad ibn ‘Abdillah ibn Ahmad ash-Shafi‘i (336/948–430/1038), Hilyatu 'l-awliya’, Cairo, 1933.

AGHA BUZURG AT-TIHRANI, Muhammad Muhsin, adh-Dhari‘ah ila tasanifi 'sh-Shi‘ah, 20 vols., Tehran: Islamiyyah, 1936-70.

AHMAD, Abu ‘Abdillah, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal ash- Shaybani (164/780–241/855), al-Musnad, Cairo, 1368 AH.

AL-AJURRI, Abu Bakr, Muhammad ibn al-Husayn ibn ‘Abdillah al- Baghdadi ash-Shafi‘i (d. 360/970), ash-Shari‘ah, (n.p.or d.).

‘ALI IBN IBRAHIM, at-Tafsir, (n.p.or d.).

AL-ALUSI, Abu 'th-Thana’, Shihabu 'd-Din, Mahmud ibn ‘Abdillah al- Baghdadi ash-Shafi‘i (1217/1802–1270/1854), Ruhu 'l-ma‘ani, 30 vols., Cairo, n.d.

AL-ANBARI, ‘Abdu 'r-Rahman ibn Muhammad (513/1119–577/1181),

Nuzhatu 'l-alibba’ (fi tabaqati 'l-udaba’), Hayderabad, 1344 AH.

AL-ANSARI, ash-Shaykh Murtada, (1214/1800–1281/1864), Faridu 'l- usul (famous as ar-Rasail), offset, Tehran, 1377 H.

AL-‘ARUSI, ash-Shaykh ‘Abd ‘Ali ibn Jumu‘ah al-Huwayzi (11th/17thc.), Nuru 'th-thaqalayni, (n.p.or d.).

AL-ASH‘ARI, Abu 'l-Hasan, ‘Ali ibn Isma‘il ibn Abi Bishr al-Basri (260/874 or 270/883–324/936), Maqalatu 'l-Islamiyyin wa ikhtilafi 'l-musallin, edited by H. Ritter, Istanbul, 1929 (2 vols. with continuous pagination).

AL-‘AYNI AL-HANAFI, ‘Umdatu 'l-qari fi sharh Sahihi 'l-Bukhari,Cairo, n.d.

BADAWI, ‘Abdu 'r-Rahman, Dr., Madhahibu 'l-Islamiyyin, (n.p.or d.).

AL-BAGHDADI, Abu Mansur, ‘Abdu 'l-Qahir ibn Tahir, al-Farq bayna 'l-firaq, edited by M. al-Kawthari, Cairo, 1948.

–– Hadiyyatu 'l-arifin, (n.p.or d.).

–– Usulu 'd-din, Istanbul, 1928.

AL-BAHRANI, as-Sayyid Hashim ibn Sulayman ibn Isma‘il al-Husayni, (d. 1107/1696), al-Burhan fi tafsiri 'l-Qur’an, (n.p.or d.).

BALADHURI, Ahmad ibn Yahya ibn Jabir (d. 279/892), Futuhu 'l- buldan, 3 vols., Cairo, (n.d.).

–– Ansabu 'l-ashraf, Cairo, 1955.

AL-BALKHI, AL-KA‘BI, Abu 'l-Qasim, ‘Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Mahmud al-Mu‘tazili, al-Hanafi, Dhikru 'l-Mu‘tazilah, (n.p.or d.).

AL-BARQI, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid (d. 274/887), ar-Rijal, MSS.

BASHA AL-BAGHDADI, Isma‘il (d. 1339 AH), 2 vols., Beirut, DarIhya’ at-Turathi 'l-‘Arabi,n.d.

AL-BAYHAQI, Abu Bakr, Ahmad ibn al-Husayn an-Naysaburi ash- Shafi‘i (384/994–458/1066), al-Asma’ wa 's-sifat, (n.p.or d.).

AL-BUKHARI, Abu ‘Abdillah, Muhammad ibn Isma‘il (194/810–256/870), Tarikhu 'l-kabir, (n.p.or d.).

AD-DARIMI, Abu Muhammad, ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abdi 'r-Rahman as- Samarqandi (181/797–255/869), ar-Radd ‘ala Bishr al-Marrisi,

‘Aqaid as-Salaf, pub. by Dr. ‘Ali Sami an-Nashshar, ‘Ammar

Jam‘i at-Talibi, Munsha’atu 'l-Ma‘arif, Alexanderia, Egypt, 1971.–– as-Sunan, (n.p.or d.).

ADH-DHAHABI, Shamsu 'd-Din, Abu ‘Abdillah, Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Uthman ad-Dimashqi ash-Shafi‘i (673/1274–748/ 1347); Kitab al-‘Ibar (fi khabar man khabar), edited by Salahu 'd-Din al- Munajjid, Kuwait: Matba‘at Hukumat al-Kuwayt, 1960-6.

–– Mizanu 'l-i‘tidal (fi naqdi 'r-rijal), edited by ‘Ali al-Bajawi, Cairo,‘Isa al-Halabi, 1963.

–– Siyar a‘lami 'n-nubala’, 25 vols., edited by Dr. Bashshar ‘Awwad Ma‘ruf and Dr. Muhyi 'l-Hilal as-Sarhan, Beirut: Muassasatu 'r- Risalah, 1413/1993.

–– Tadhkiratu 'l-huffaz, Hyderabad, 1333AH.

Encyclopaedia of Islam, The, new ed. E.J. Brill, 1983.

FATHULLAH KHALIF, DR., Munazarat Fakhru 'd-Din ar-Razi fi bilad ma warai 'n-nahr, Daru 'l-Mashriq, Beirut, 1966.

AL-FIRUZ-ABADI, al-Qamus, 4 vols., Cairo, n.d.

AL-HAKIM, Abu ‘Abdillah, Ibnu 'l-Bayyi‘ Muhammad ibn ‘Abdillah an-Naysaburi ash-Shafi‘i (321/933–405/1014), al-Mustadrak ‘ala's-sahihayn, Hyderabad, 1335 AH.

AL-HALABI, as-Sirah al-Halabiyyah, 3 vols, Cairo, n.d.

AL-HARAWI, ‘Ali al-Qari al-Hanafi (d. 1014 AH), al-Mirqat fi sharhi'l-mishkat, (n.p.or d.).

AL-HASANI AZ-ZAYDI, Yahya ibn al-Husayn, an-Natiq bi 'l-Haqq, Taysiru 'l-matalib fi amali 'l-Imam Abi Talib, Mu’assasat al-A‘lami, Beirut, Lebanon, 1395/1975.

AL- HILLI, AL-‘ALLAMAH, Jamalu 'd-Din, Abu Mansur, al-Hasan ibn Yusuf ibn ‘Ali ibn Mutahhar al-Asadi (648/1250–726/1325); Khulasatu 'l-aqwal, Qum, 1411 AH.

AL-HIMYARI, Abu 'l-‘Abbas, ‘Abdullah ibn Ja‘far ibn al-Husayn al-Qummi, (d.ca. 297/910); al-Huru 'l-‘in, ed. K. Mustafa, Cairo,1948.

–– ar-Rawdu 'l-mi‘tar, 2 vols., Cairo, 1937.

AL-HUSAYN IBN SA‘ID, al-Mu’min, (n.p.or d.).

IBN ABI 'L-HADID, ‘Izzu 'd-Din, ‘Abdu 'l-Hamid ibn Hibbatillah (Abu Hamid), (586/1190–655/1257); Sharh Nahju 'l-balaghah, 20 vols.edited by M. Abu 'l-Fadl Ibrahim, Cairo, 2nd ed., 1959.

IBN ‘ABDI 'L-HAYY, Shadharatu 'dh-dhahab, (n.p.or d.).

IBN ‘ABD RABBIH, Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Qurubi, al-Maliki (246/860–328/940), al-‘Iqdu 'l-Farid, Board of Writing, Transla- tion, and Publication, Cairo, 2nd ed., 1381/ 1962.

IBN ABI HATIM, Abu Muhammad, ‘Abdu 'r-Rahman ibn Muhammad al-Hanzali ar-Razi (240/854–327/938), al-Jarh wa 't-ta‘dil, (n.p.or d.).

IBN ‘ASAKIR, Abu 'l-Qasim, ‘Ali ibn al-Hasan ibn Hibatillah ad-Dimashqi ash-Shafi‘i (499/1105–571/1176), Tarikh madinat

Dimashq, 70, vols., Daru 'l-Fikr, Beirut, 1415 AH.

IBNU 'L-ATHIR, ‘Izzu 'd-Din, Abu 'l-Hasan, ‘Ali ibn Muhammad al- Jazari ash-Shafi‘i (555/1160–630/1233); al-Lubab fi tahdhibi 'l- ansab, 3 vols., Cairo, 1356/1937.

–– Usdu 'l-ghabah, Cairo, n.d.

IBNU 'L-FARRA’, Tabaqatu 'l-Hanabilah, 2 vols., Egypt, (n.d.).

IBN FURAK, Mushkilu 'l-hadith, (n.p.or d.).

IBN HAJAR AL-‘ASQALANI, Shihabu 'd-Din, Abu 'l-Fadl Ahmad ibn‘Ali ibn Muhammad ash-Shafi‘i (773/1372–852/1449), Fathu 'l- bari (fi Sharh Sahihu 'l-Bukhari), Cairo, 1378 AH.

–– al-Isabah fi ma‘rifati 's-sahabah, Cairo, n.d.

–– Lisanu 'l-mizan, Hyderabad, 1329/1911.

–– Tahdhibu 't-tahdhib, Hyderabad, 1325-7/ 1907-9.

–– Taqribu 't-tahdhib, (n.p.or d.).

IBN HAZM, Abu Muhammad, ‘Ali ibn Ahmad, al-Fisal fi 'l-milal wa'l-ahwa’ wa 'n-nihal, offset print, Daru 'l-Ma‘rifah, Beirut, 1395/1975.

IBN HIBBAN, Abu Hatim, Muhammad ibn Hibban at-Tamimi al-Bustiash-Shafi‘i (270/884–354/965), Kitabu 'l-Majruhin (ad-Du‘afa’).

–– ath-Thiqat, (n.p.or d.).

IBN HISHAM, as-Sirah (an-Nabawiyyah), Cairo, 1355-56 AH.

IBN ‘IMAD AL-HANBALI, Shadharatu 'dh-dhahab, Cairo, 1350 AH.

IBNU 'L-JAWZI, Abu 'l-Faraj, ‘Abdu 'r-Rahman ibn Ahmad, Daf‘shubahi 't-tashbih bi-akuffi 't-tanzih, al-Maktabah at-Tawfiqiyyah, Cairo,1976.

–– al-Mawdu‘at, (n.p.or d.).

–– al-Muntazam fi tarikhi 'l-muluk wa 'l-umam, Hyderabad: Dairatu'l-Ma‘arifi 'l-‘Uthmaniyyah, 1358 H.

–– Tablis Iblis, al-Muniriyyah Press, Cairo, 1368.

–– Zadu 'l-masir, (n.p.or d.).

IBNU 'L-JAZARI, Tabaqatu 'l-qurra’, (n.p.or d.).

IBN KATHIR, ‘Imadu 'd-Din, Abu 'l-Fida’, Isma‘il ibn ‘Umar ad- Dimashqi (701/1302–774/1373), al-Bidayah wa 'n-nihayah, Cairo,1351/1932.

–– Tafsiru 'l-Qur’ani 'l-‘Azim, Cairo, n.d.

IBN KHUZAYMAH, at-Tawhid wa ithbat sifati 'r-rabb, revised and commented upon by Muhammad Khalil Haras, al-Azhar University Library, Cairo, 1387/1968.

IBN MANZUR, Abu 'l-Fadl, Lisanu 'l-‘Arab, Cairo, n.d.

IBNU 'L-MURTADA, Ahmad ibn Yahya, al-Bahru 'z-zakhkhar, (n.p.or d.).

–– al-Munyah wa 'l-amal, edited by Arnold, Sir Thomas, Hyderabad,1316 AH.

IBNU 'N-NADIM, Abu 'l-Faraj, Muhammad ibn Ya‘qub, al-Fihrist, al- Istiqamah ed., Cairo, n.d.

IBN NASHWAN AL-HIMYARI, Abu 'l-‘Abbas, ‘Abdullah ibn Ja‘far ibn al-Husayn al-Qummi, (d.ca. 297/910); al-Huru 'l-‘in, ed. Kamal Mustafa, Cairo, 1948.

IBNU 'L-QAYYIM, Badai‘u 'l-fawaid, (n.p.or d.).

IBN QUTAYBAH, Abu Muhammad, Muhammad ibn ‘Abdillah ibn Muslim ad-Dinawari (213/828–276/889), Kitabu 'l-Ma‘arif, Cairo, n.d.

–– Ta’wil mukhtalafi 'l-hadith, Cairo, (n.d.).

–– ‘Uyunu 'l-akhbar, Cairo, 1925-35.

IBN RAHWAYH, Abu Ya‘qub, Ishaq ibn Ibrahim ibn Makhlad al- Hanzali al-Marwazi (161/778–238/853), ‘Aridah al-ahwadhi, (n.p.or d.).

IBN SA‘D, Abu ‘Abdillah Muhammad, at-Tabaqatu 'l-kabir, edited by Edward Sachau, Leiden: Brill, 1917.

IBN SHAHRASHUB, Muhammad ibn ‘Ali al-Mazandarani, Ma‘alimu 'l-‘ulama’, edited by ‘Abbas Iqbal, Tehran, 1353/ 1934.

–– al-Manaqib (Manaqib Al Abi Talib), Qum, (n.d.).

IBN TAYMIYYAH, Abu 'l-‘Abbas, Ahmad ibn ‘Abdi 'l-Halim, Taqiyyu'd-Din, Minhaju 's-sunnah, Cairo, Bulaq, 1321 AH.

–– al-Munazirah fi 'l-‘aqidati 'l-Wasitiyyah, Majmu‘atu 'r-rasaili 'l- kubra, Dar Ihya’ at-Turathi 'l-‘Arabi, Beirut, offprint 2, 1392/1972.

IBNU 'L-WARDI, at-Tarikh (Tatimmatu 'l-mukhtasar fi akhbari 'l- bashar), 2 vols., Beirut, n.d.

‘IRFAN ‘ABDU 'L-HAMID, PROF., The Emendation of A Shi‘ite Creed, A translation of Tashihu 'l-I‘tiqad, of ash-Shaykh al-Mufid, (336/948 or 338/950–413/1022), pub. by World Organization for Islamic Services [WOFIS], Tehran, 1424/2003.

AL-ISFARAYINI, Abu 'l-Muzaffar, ‘Imadu 'd-Din, Shafur Tahir ibn Muhammad, at-Tabsir fi 'd-din, edited by M. Kawthari, Cairo, al- Khanji, 1955.

AL-JAHIZ, Abu ‘Uthman, ‘Amr ibn Bahr, al-Bayan wa 't-tabyin, ed.

‘Abdu 's-Salam Harun, Cairo, 1960.

–– al-Hayawan, 7 vols., Cairo, 1938.

AL-KARAJIKI, Abu 'l-Fath, Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn ‘Uthman (c 369/950–449/1057), Kanzu 'l-fawaid, Tehran, lithograph, 1323 H.

AL-KHAFAJI, Sharhu 'sh-Shifa, (n.p.or d.).

KHALIFAH IBN KHAYYAT, at-Tarikh, ed. Suhayl Zakkar, Cairo,1967.

AL-KHATIB AL-BAGHDADI, Abu Bakr, Ahmad ibn ‘Ali ibn Thabit ash- Shafi‘i (392/1002–463/1072), Tarikh Baghdad, Cairo: al-Khanji,1349/ 1931.

AL-KHAYYAT, Abu 'l-Husayn, ‘Abdu 'r-Rahman ibn ‘Uthman, Kitabu'l-Intisar (wa 'r-radd ‘ala Ibnu 'r-Rawandi al-mulhid), edited with introduction by H. S. Nyberg, Beirut, 1957.

AL-KHAZIN, ‘Alau 'd-Din, ‘Ali ibn Muhammad al-Baghdadi ash-Shafi‘i (678/1280–741/1341), at-Tafsir (Lubabu 't-ta’wil fi ma‘ani't-tanzil), Cairo, 1375/1955.

AL-KHU’I, AS-SAYYID, Abu 'l-Qasim, Mu‘jam rijali 'l-hadith, 22 vols., Beirut: Madinatu 'l-‘Ilm, 1983.

AL-KHWARAZMI, Abu ‘Abdillah, Muhammad ibn Ahmad, Mu‘tamid fiusuli 'd-din, (n.p.or d.).

AL-KIRMANI, al-Firaqu 'l-Islamiyyah, (n.p.or d.).

AL-KISHSHI, Muhammad ibn ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdi 'l-‘Aziz, Ma‘rifat akhbari 'r-rijal, Bombay, 1317 AH.

AL-KUHBA’I, Majma‘u 'r-rijal, (n.p.or d.).

AL-KULAYNI, Abu Ja‘far, Muhammad ibn Ya‘qub ibn Ishaq ar-Razi,al-Kafi fi ‘ilmi 'd-din, new edition, Tehran, 1381 AH.

LE STRANGE, G., The Lands of the Eastern Caliphat, pub. by Frank Cass & Co. Ltd., 1966.

AL-MAJLISI, Muhammad Baqir, Biharu 'l-anwar, edited by M. H. at- Tabataba’i, Tehran, 1376/1957.

–– Mir’atu 'l-‘uqul, Daru 'l-Kutubi 'l-Islamiyyah, Tehran: Matba‘atu'l-Haydari, 1394 H.

AL-MAQDISI, Mutahhar ibn Tahir, al-Bad’ wa 't-tarikh, edited by C. Huart, Paris, 1899/1919.

AL-MAQRIZI, Taqiyyu 'd-Din, Abu 'l-‘Abbas, Ahmad ibn ‘Ali ibn

‘Abdi 'l-Qadir al-Misri al-Hanafi (769/1367–845/1441), al-Khitat, Bulaq (Cairo), 1270 AH.

AL-MAS‘UDI, ‘Ali ibn Husayn, Muruju 'dh-dhahab, Paris offset.

AL-MAZZI, Tahdhibu 'l-kamal, (n.p.or d.).

MCDERMOTT, M.J., The Theology of al-Shaikh al-Mufid, Dar al- Mashriq, Beirut, 1978.

AL-MUFID, ASH-SHAYKH, Abu ‘Abdillah, Muhammad ibn Muham- mad ibn an-Nu‘man al-Harithi, Ibnu 'l-Mu‘allim, Awailu 'l- maqalat fi 'l-madhahib wa 'l-mukhtarat, 2nd ed., Tabriz, 1371 H.

–– al-Fusulu 'l-mukhtarah (mina 'l-‘uyun wa 'l-mahasin), 3rd ed., an- Najaf al-Ashraf [Iraq], al-Haydariyyah, 1950.

–– al-Ikhtisas, edited by ‘Ali Akbar al-Ghaffari, Tehran Maktabatu 's- Saduq, 1379H.

AL-MURTADA, ASH-SHARIF (or as-Sayyid), Abu 'l-Qasim, ‘Ali ibn al- Husayn, ‘Alamu 'l-Huda al-Musawi (355/966–436/1044); al- Amali, edited by M. Abu Fadl Ibrahim, Cairo, ‘Isa al-Halabi, 1954.

–– Diwan al-Murtada, (n.p.or d.).

–– ash-Shafi fi 'l-imamah, Tehran, lithograph, 1301 H.

MUSLIM, Abu 'l-Husayn, Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj an-Naysaburi (204/ 820–261/875), as-Sahih, Cairo, n.d.

AL-MUTTAQI AL-HINDI, ‘Alau 'd-Din, ‘Ali ibn Husami 'd-Din (885/1480–975/1567), Kanzu 'l-‘ummal fi sunani 'l-aqwal wa 'l-af‘al, Hyderabad, 1388/198.

–– Muntakhabu 'l-kanz (Kanzu 'l-‘ummal), (on the sidelines of al- Musnad, Ahmad ibn Hanbal), 6 vols., Cairo, n.d.

Nahju 'l-Balaghah, the commentary of Muhammad ‘Abduh and Muhammad Muhyi 'd-Din ‘Abdu 'l-Hamid, al-Istiqamah Press, Cairo.

AN-NAJASHI, Abu ‘Abbas, Ahmad ibn ‘Ali, Kitabu 'r-Rijal, (al-Fihrist), Bombay, 1317/1899.

AN-NASHSHAR, ‘Ali Sami, Dr., Nash’atu 'l-fikri 'l-falsafi fi 'l-Islam, 4th ed., Cairo, Daru 'l-Ma‘arif, 1966.

AN-NAWAWI, Muhyi 'd-Din, Abu Zakariyyah Yahya ibn Sharaf ad- Dimashqi ash-Shafi‘i (631/1233–676/1277), Sharh Sahih Muslim, Cairo, (n.p.or d.).

AL-QADI ‘ABDU 'L-JABBAR ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Abdi 'l-Jabbar al-Hama- dani, al-Mu‘tazili, ash-Shafi‘i (320/932–415/1025), Fadlu 'l-i‘tidal wa dhikru 'l-Mu‘tazilah, (n.p.or d.).

–– Sharhu 'l-usuli 'l-khamsah, edited by ‘Abdu 'l-Karim ‘Uthman, Cairo: Wahba, 1965.

AL-QADI, ‘AYYAD, ash-Shifa, (n.p.or d.).

AL-QADI MUJBIRU 'D-DIN, Abi 'l-Yaman al-‘Alimi, al-Minhaju 'l- Ahmad, 4 vols., (n.p.or d.).

AL-QARI, Sharhu 'sh-Shifa, (n.p.or d.).

AL-QASTALANI, al-Mawahibu 'l-laddunniyyah, (n.p.or d.).

AL-QURTUBI, Abu ‘Abdillah, Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Ansari, al- Jami‘ li-ahkami 'l-Qur’an, 20 vols., Dar Ihya’ Turathu 'l-‘Arabi, Beirut, 1405/1985.

AR-RAGHIB, Abu 'l-Qasim, al-Husayn ibn Muhammad ibn al- Mufaddal al-Isfahani, (d. 502/1108), Muhadaratu 'l-udaba’, 4 vols., Beirut, (n.d.).

AS-SADUQ, ASH-SHAYKH, Ibn Babawayh (or Ibn Babuya), Abu Ja‘far, Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn al-Husayn al-Qummi (ca. 306/919–381/991); al-Amali, Tehran, 1380 H.

–– Faqih man la yahduruhu 'l-faqih, 4 vols., Tehran, 1390/1970.

–– I‘tiqadatu 'l-Imamiyyah, trans. by A.A.A. Fyzee, A Shi‘ite Creed, rev. ed. by WOFIS, Tehran, 1402/1982.

–– Kamalu 'd-din wa tamami 'n-ni‘mah, Tehran, 1378/1958.

–– al-Khisal, Tehran, 1302 H.

–– Ma‘ani 'l-akhbar, Tehran, 1379 AH.

–– at-Tawhid, edited by Hashim al-Husayni, Tehran: Maktabatu 's- Saduq, 1387/1967.

––‘Uyun akhbari 'r-Rida (a.s.); 2 vols., edited by M. al-Lajiwardi, Qum: Daru 'l-‘Ilm, 1377/1957; and an-Najaf al-Ashraf: al- Matba‘atu 'l-Haydariyyah, 1390/1970.

AS-SAFADI, Salahu 'd-Din, Khalil ibn Aybak ibn ‘Abdillah, al-Wafibi 'l-wafayat. Edited by H. Ritter, Leipzig: Brockhaus, 1931. SAHIR MUHAMMAD MUKHTAR, at-Tajsim ‘inda 'l-Muslimin, (n.p.or d.) AS-SAM‘ANI, Abu Sa‘id, ‘Abdu 'l-Karim ibn Muhammad ibn Mansurat-Tamimi as-Shafi‘i (506/1113–562/1166), al-Ansab, 5 vols., Daru 'l-Jinan, Beirut, 1408/1988.

ASH-SHAHRISTANI, Abu 'l-Fath, Muhammad ibn ‘Abdi 'l-Karim (d. 548/1153); al-Milal wa 'n-nihal, 2 vols., Cairo, 1948.

–– Nihayatu 'l-iqdam (fi ‘ilmi 'l-kalam), edited by A. Guillaume, Baghdad, al-Muthanna, (n.d.).

ASH-SHAWKANI, Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn Muhammad al-Yamani 1173/1760–1250/1834), Fathu 'l-qadir, 5 vols., ‘Alimu 'l-Kutub, Beirut, (n.d.).

Shorter Encyclopaedia of Islam, The, Leiden ed., E.J.Brill, 1974.

AS-SUBKI, Taju 'd-Din, Abu Nasr, ‘Abdu 'l-Wahhab ibn ‘Ali ibn‘Abdi 'l-Kafi al-Misri, ash-Shafi‘i (727/1327–771/1370), Tabaqatu'sh-Shafi‘iyyah al-Kubra, Cairo:‘Isa al-Halabi, 1968.

AS-SUHAYLI, arRawdu 'l-unuf, 7 vols., Cairo, n.d.

AS-SUYUTI, Jalalu 'd-Din, ‘Abdu 'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr ibn Muhammad ash-Shafi‘i (849/1445–911/1505), ad-Durru 'l-manthur, Beirut, n.d.

–– al-La’ali al-masnu‘ah, (n.p.or d.)

–– Tabaqatu 'l-huffaz, (n.p.or d.).

–– Tarikhu 'l-khulafa’, Cairo, 1371/1952.

AT-TABARANI, Abu 'l-Qasim, Sulayman ibn Ahmad ibn Ayyub al- Lakhmi (260/ 873–360/971), as-Sunan, (n.p.or d.).

–– al-Mu‘jamu 'l-wasit, 9 vols., Daru 'l-Haramayn, (n.p.or d.).

AT-TABARI, Abu Ja‘far, Muhammad ibn Jarir ibn Rustam (224/839–310/932), at-Tafsir (Jami‘u 'l-bayan fi tafsiri 'l-Qur’an), Cairo, Bulaq ed., 1326 AH.

–– Tarikhu 'r-rusul wa 'l-muluk, edited by De Goeje, Lugd. Bat.,1901.

AT-TABRISI, Abu Mansur, Ahmad ibn ‘Ali (d. 620/1223), al-Ihtijaj, edited by M. Baqir al-Khirsan, an-Najaf al-Ashraf, an-Nu‘man Printing Press, 1966.

AT-TIRMIDHI, Abu ‘Isa, Muhammad ibn ‘Isa as-Sulami (209/824–279/892), as-Sahih, Cairo, 1292 AH.

AT-TUSI, Abu Ja‘far, Muhammad ibn al-Hasan, (Shaykhu 't-Taifah), Fihrist Rijali 'sh-Shi‘ah, edited by Bahru '1-‘Ulum, an-Najaf al- Ashraf, 1381/1961.

–– at-Tibyan (fi tafsiri 'l-Qur’an), 12 vols., Iran, 1376 AH.

AL-WAQIDI, Abu ‘Abdillah, Muhammad ibn ‘Umar as-Sahmi al- Madani (130/747 – 207/823), al-Maghazi, (n.p.or d.).

WATT, W. Montgomery, the Formative Period of Islamic Thought, Edinburgh, 1973.

AL-YAFI‘I, Mir’atu 'l-jinan, (n.p.or d.).

YAQUT AL-HAMAWI, Mu‘jamu '1-buldan, 5 vols, Beirut, 1957.

–– Mu‘jamu 'l-udaba’, (n.p.or d.).

AZ-ZABIDI, Taju 'l-‘arus, 10 vols, Egypt, n.d.

AZ-ZURQANI, ‘Abdu 'l-Baqi ibn Yusuf ibn Ahmad al-Maliki (1020/1611–1099/1688), Sharhu 'l-mawahibi 'l-laddunniyyah, 11 vols, Cairo, (n.d.).

Share this page