The Holy Prophet Muhammad (s) advised the people of Mecca to stop worshipping idols and instead worship One Allah. One day someone asked him, “Explain to us Allah you worship”.
Then Allah revealed the following Surah 'al-Tawhid' to the Holy Prophet so that he could recite it to the people:
Bismilla hir Rahmanir Rahim
Qul huwal lahu Ahad
Lam yalid walam yulad
Walam Yakul lahu kufuwan Ahad.
The following is the meaning of the above surah:
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Say: Allah is One.
He needs nothing.
Neither has He given birth to anyone;
Nor is He born of anyone.
And He has no equal.
'Tawheed' means that Allah is One, Alone, and there is none like Him.
During our prayers we must recite two surahs from the Holy Qur'an, one of which is Surah 'al-Hamd' and the other is Surah 'al-Tawheed'. We should therefore, learn these surahs by heart.
Belief in the Oneness of Allah is the basis of Islam.
1. What was the occasion of the revelation of Surah 'al-Tawheed'?
2. What is the meaning of 'Tawheed'?
3. Which surahs of the Holy Qur'an do we usually recite in prayers?