In the first
period of his life, Tusi migrated from Tus to Nishāpur where he spent
several years. We do not know much about his career as a student. We are also
short of accurate information about a sudden circle which Tusi formed by
traveling from Nishāpur to Ray,
The first and the second parts were spent among the Ismāʻilis. After he had spent several years with Nāsir al-Din Muhtasham (d. 655), the ruler of Quhistān, he was invited to Alamut by ʻAlāí al-Din Muhammad (d. 653) the major leader of the Ismaʻilis.
He stayed for several years in Alamut and witnessed ʻAlāí al-Dinís reign and one year of the reign of his son Khurshāh (d. 654). Historical sources do not indicate whether Tusi played any major socio-political role among the Ismāʻilis other than his intellectual activities.
accounts show that the only significant political action of the scholar in this
period is a letter and an elegy or qasida, to Ibn al-ʻAlqami (d. 656/1258).
As a Shiʻi chief minister of the caliph of
Clearly, in the
beginning, Tusi felt a responsibility to spread Shiʻi thought. Under the
benefit of the patronage of Ibn al-ʻAlqami, he started his missionary
activity with the caliph of