Ijtihad: Takhtiah or Taswib


    In this article, the author talks in brief about the concept, definition, and types of ijtihâd and examines the criteria and justification of takhti'ah (admission of the possibility of error in the judgments of the jurist) and taswib (maintenance of the jurist's infallibility and denial of any possibility of error) according to both Shi'a and Sunni scholars.



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