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['Aalim Network QR] Muta & Sawm


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|       In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the All-Merciful       |\
|  Greeting of Allah be upon Muhammad and the pure members of his House |\
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Salamun 'Alaykum

The following questions were kindly answered by Dr. Takim.

Fee Amanillah,

Akil Karim
Acting Moderator for ABDG-A

---------- Forwarded message ----------

QUESTIONS:


Q1: Is it possible to make zawaj muta (muta marriage) over the phone 
    and the dowry given upon meeting, or must both the recitation of the
    words and dowry be done simultaneously and in person?

Q2: What is the proper niyat for a wajib fast (Ramadan) and a non-wajib
    fast?

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ANSWERS:

Question 1:

It is possible to perform a marriage over the phone provided the normal
conditions of marriage are fulfilled. i.e. the formula should be
pronounced in correct Arabic, the couple must have intention of insha
i.e. recited in a creative sense thus making it effective immediately,
the couple reciting the mut'a or nikah should be sane & baligh and
complete willingness of both parties to enter into the matrimony. 

If the bride agrees, the dowry can be given later on or she can choose to
forgive it completely.

See Ayatullah Seestani's Risala p. 437-438 Islamic Laws


Question 2:

The proper niyya for a wajib fast is I am fasting for the month of
Ramadhan wajib qurbatan ilalaAllah. 

The niyya for a non-wajib (or mustahabb) fast is I am keeping a fast
qurbatan ilaAllah. Please note that one does not have to utter the niyya,
if one has the intention in the mind (that I am performing the act for this
purpose) that is sufficient to act as a niyya.

In fact, according to Ayatullah Seestani, it is sufficient for a person to
decide that in obedience to the command of Allah he will not perform, from
the time of the adhan of fajr prayers up to maghrib time any act which will
invalidate the fast.

Jazaka Allah 

Liyakatali Takim


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