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['Aalim Network QR] Khums


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|       In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the All-Merciful       |\
|  Greeting of Allah be upon Muhammad and the pure members of his House |\
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Assalamu alaykum

The following question was answered by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi.

Salaams & Duas
Ummulbanin Merali - Moderator - 'Aalim Network
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QUESTION:
 
Supposing you have khums obligations, and prior to your fiscal
accounting year approaches (eg Sept 30), you plan to buy a major item
which is necessary (an automobile) and therefore have intentioned to
spend x thousand dollars towards this purchase.  However, due to various
circumstances, including not finding a suitable car, coming across a
temporary mean of transportation, etc, Sept 30th comes and goes and you
have not made a down payment on the car, are you liable on the khums for
that x thousand dollars even though your intentions were to spend it in
a jaez method.  I should add that the car was purchase a few months
after Sept 30th with the original money that was set aside for this
purpose.


ANSWER:

In order to calculate the savings at the end of the fiscal year, it is
necessary to fix a date as the end of the khums year. This is very obvious
and you also know that. In normal circumstances, you have to pay khums on
the entire saving at your khums date EVEN IF you know that you are going to
spend it after ten days or two weeks---it will be counted in the expenses of
the next fiscal year.

As for your specific question: The only way I can think of in which you can
get away without paying khums is as follows:

Suppose if you earned or was given a large sum of money --other than your
normal monthly income-- which you do not intend to use in your day-to-day
expenses, then you can keep it aside for one year from THAT date without
paying khums. For example, your normal khums date is September 30th; and you
were given 10,000 dollars as a gift by your father or friend on 10th
November. Since this 10,000 dollars is not your normal income, you can keep
this aside and pay khums on it only if you do not use it by the 10th of
November in the following year. In short, you will be calculating the khums
on your saving from the normal income on 30th September; but you will count
the khums on the 10,000 windfall on the 10th of November.

I hope this is clear enough.

Yours in Iman,

Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi




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