________________________________________________________________________ | w w w |\ | || || | || |\ | o_,_7 _|| . _o_7 _|| 4_|_|| o_w_, |\ | ( : / (_) / ( . |\ | |\ | || || | || |T | | || | |\ | . _, _8 |_D_|| . _,_,_,_D_|| 4_|| q ]_o_7_o _|_c 4_|_|| _|,_p q |\ | (_): / (_): . : / (_S (_S / |\ | |\ | In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the All-Merciful |\ | Greeting of Allah be upon Muhammad and the pure members of his House |\ |_______________________________________________________________________|\ Salaam Alaykum The following response was kindly provided by Shaykh Mustafa Jaffer and through the exhaustive and detailed works of the Group of Islamic Scholars, Iran. We thank them for the time the have dedicated towards enlightening us. wa salaam Mustafa F Acting Moderator 'Aalim Network ------------------------------------------------------------------- In the Name of Allah, The Abundantly Gracious, Whose grace is both Universal and Eternal. Following are answers to your questions: QUESTION 1. Islam has no Reincarnation. I have been reading articles about people who accurately describe a previous birth. Please send me details or web references of answers on re-birth. If every soul is raised on The Day Of Judgement for questioning what is the body form it takes incase the soul has been in multiple rebirths. ANSWER: OUTLINE: Reincarnation is impossible because: a) Quran refutes its possibility e.g. 2:28 b) Hadith condemns the belief c) It is a logically impossible phenomenon DETAILS: A) Quranic Refutation You were correct in saying that Islam does not believe in reincarnation. The Holy Qur'an implicitly informs us that there is no reincarnation. We quote two verses below for your information: (a) Chapter 23, Verses 99 & 100: Until when death comes to one of them, he says: My Lord, return me (into the world); that I may do good which I have left undone. By no means! It is but a word he speaks; and after them shall be a Barzakh (phase of life between this world and the Next) until the day they shall be raised (again). This verse informs us that there is no return to the material world for the evil doer, and hence he cannot come in the form of any being back to the earth. (b)Baqara:28 "How can you deny God while you were lifeless (before birth); He then granted you life (birth into the world); thereafter He causes you to die (by transferring your soul to Barzakh); then He will bring you back to life (on Resurrection) after which you shall (ultimately) return back unto Him" This verse asserts the forward direction of the soul's journey from the world to the Barzakh to the Hereafter and eventually to God with no possibility of return in any form of incarnation. B) Condemnation in Hadith In addition, we also have traditions that clearly inform us that Islam does not believe in reincarnation. We quote two such traditions for your information below: (a) Hasan bin Jahm said that Ma'moon asked Imam Al- Ridha (A): 'O Abal Hasan, what do you say of those who believe in reincarnation?' [Imam] Al-Ridha (A) said: 'Whosoever believes in reincarnation denies the Almighty Allah, and belies the reality of Paradise and Hell.' (Biharul -Anwaar, vol.4, p. 320) [The tradition points out two effects of belief in reincarnation: - Denying Allah, since reincarnation is a wrong belief according to Islam. Some believers in reincarnation held the view that there was no beginning in this endless cycle of rebirths. - Belying the reality of Paradise and Hell, since they believe that - instead of being raised and accounted for their deeds, they would take the form of a body that corresponds with their behavior in the previous world. According to them, reincarnation is a continual process: they will always change worlds, and take the shape of the form that concurs with their behavior in the preceding world.] (b) Husayn bin Khalid says: 'Abul-Hasan [Imam al-Ridha] (A) said: 'Whosoever believes in reincarnation is a kafir (disbeliever).' (Same source) [The nature of the articles that you happen to read are not clear. It seems the articles narrate personal descriptions of rebirth. This should in no way lead to the belief in reincarnation, for the personal experiences stand as mere claims, without any substantial proof.] C) Logical impossibility Essentially the logical impossibility of reincarnation can be illustrated with the following comparison: consider the human body growing through its various developmental stages of infancy, toddler stage, young child, adolescent, young adult, middle age and finally old age. The individual soul develops simultaneously with the body by administering its various physical, emotional and intellectual functions thereby developing from a state of spiritual immaturity and inexperience to an advanced spiritual state of actualization of its potentials. Just like it is inconceivable for the senile body to regress to an infantile state, likewise it is impossible for the fully actualized soul of an individual to revert to a rudimentary state of administering another body in its infant state. BODY FORM ON RESURRECTION As for the body form that the soul shall take on the Resurrection day, the following points may help shed some light: 1. The material world, including the disintegrated bodies of the dead would undergo a tremendous change. The following verse of the Holy Qur'an informs us of this change: On the day when the earth shall be changed into a different earth, and (so will be) the heavens, and (all men) shall be marshaled forth unto Allah, the One, The Dominant (14:48) 2. The particles of dust that have come about as a result of the disintegration of man's dead body, too, form a part of the earth, and hence would also undergo a similar change. On that day, the earth particles of all the dead bodies would be brought together and form the bodies of their respective souls with whom they would unite, and stand before their Lord. The Holy Qur'an says: And he has struck for Us a similitude and forgotten his creation; he says: 'Who will enliven the bones when they are rotten?' Say: 'He will enliven them Who originated them for the first time; He knows all creation. (36:78-79) 3. As for the DETAILED description of the nature of the body every soul shall take, we have no CLEAR narrative. This is known to be due to the inadequate nature of our words and concepts in narrating the exact nature of the change. For your information, we quote the footnote no. 1152 of the late scholar Ayatullah Mirza Mahdi pooya in his gloss on the Holy Qu'ran: A thorough study of the verses referred to, supported by several authentic traditions of different tones, leaves no room for any doubt that the present earth and heavens in their evolutionary course of movement, there is a stage towards the total Resurrection Day, where all the terrestrial (earthly) and the celestial (heavenly) distances will disappear and be changed into a different shape when the past, present and future will disappear and all will come together. There will be no physical barriers to separate them but they will be classified and judged in accordance to their spiritual and intellectual attainments which will come into evidence before God. (A.P.). --------------------------------- QUESTION 2. A friend of mine lost his 16 yr old son. He is in communication with the boy. Is this permissible in Islam? What is the scientific explanation with respect to Islam ANSWER: Your question is obscure. What kind of communication does your friend have with the boy? Is it telepathy or something else? Please specify clearly. With Salams, Yours truly Dr.Aqeel Moosa Dr.Murtadh Alidina Shaykh Khalfan 30th Jamadi us Sani 1419. GROUP OF ISLAMIC SCHOLARS QOM.