________________________________________________________________________ | w w w |\ | || || | || |\ | o_,_7 _|| . _o_7 _|| 4_|_|| o_w_, |\ | ( : / (_) / ( . |\ | |\ | || || | || |T | | || | |\ | . _, _8 |_D_|| . _,_,_,_D_|| 4_|| q ]_o_7_o _|_c 4_|_|| _|,_p q |\ | (_): / (_): . : / (_S (_S / |\ | |\ | In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the All-Merciful |\ | Greeting of Allah be upon Muhammad and the pure members of his House |\ |_______________________________________________________________________|\ Salaamun alaykum, The reply to the follow-up question was kindly provided by Shaykh Hasnain. The original question and answer is reproduced below. Wasalaam, Mustafa Rawji Moderator, 'Aalim Network ----------------------------------------------------------------------- ORIGINAL QUESTION: Assalamu-alaikum, A Sunni friend of mine asked me how we could combine our prayers. I did not have references. Can you please provide a few solid references? This Sunni brother is quite knowledgeable. ANSWER: The issue of combining Dhuhr and `Asr prayers and Maghrib and `Isha prayers has been thoroughly covered by our scholars. Books on Shi`ah-Sunni polemics discuss the issue well. Arguments forwarded by our respected scholars can be summarised in the following points: 1. There are numerous reports from Sunni books of Hadith which clearly indicate that the Holy Prophet Muhammad, blessings of God be upon him and his household, used to pray two pairs of salaat in both ways: sometimes combining them, and sometimes saying them separately. (Some of these hadiths are reproduced below). 2. The Shi`ah Jaferi are allowed to combine them as well as offer the prayers separately. Which of the two methods is better? The scholars say that it is better to say them separately. 3. There are a lot of differences between well known Sunni jurists and other scholars on the issue. They are far from being unanimous in saying that it is not permissible at all to combine the Dhuhr and `Asr and Maghrib and `Isha prayers (see below). 4. To this day, Sunnis who attend the annual Hajj combine the two pairs of salat in the following way: they offer `Asr prayers immediately after Dhuhr with a single Adhan at `Arafat and pray the Maghrib in the`Isha time followed by `Isha salat at Muzdalifa. Since in the first case they bring `Asr forward and combine it with Dhuhr, this is known as Jam` at-taqdim. In the second case the Maghrib is delayed and combined with `Isha therefore it is know as Jam` at-ta'khir. As for the references, two books which have been translated in English and published recently are enough to give evidences on this and many other issues. These are: 1. `Abd al-Husayn Sharaf al-Din AL-MUSAWI, Questions on Jurisprudence (Masa'il Fiqhiyya), tr. Dr Liyakatali Takim, Hydery Canada, Scarborough 1996. 2. Sultan'l-Wa'izin Shirazi, Peshawar Nights, tr. H. Quinlan & C.A. Campbell, Ansariyan Publication ,Qum 1996. (tr.= translated by) God knows the best. Hasnain Kassamali Jamadiul Ula 13, 1417/October 13, 1996 Humble servant of the Ahlul Bayt (a) --------------------------------- FOLLOW-UP QUESTION: In an earlier ABDG-A answer, it was said that although it is permissible to pray the Zuhr & Asr and Maghrib & Isha together, it was better to pray them separately. I wonder why, if this is so, it has become the practice of Shia mosques to always pray Maghrib & Isha together? ANSWER: There could be a combination of several factors. First, since people gather from far and wide to say one of the two prayers and since it is permissible to combine them, they say the two prayers together in congregation. This way they have both fufilled their wajibat (obligation) as well as participated in the jamaat (congregation) prayers. We observe that thousands of Sunni bretheren say their Jumu`ah prayer on time but either delay (i.e. make Qada) or fail to say the `Asr (late afternoon) prayers. On the other hand a Shi'i Muslim who says Jumu'ah would invariably perform the `Asr. Second, we would like our children and other Muslims and the posterity to know that the practice of combining the Dhuhr and `Asr, and the Maghrib and `Ishaa is permissible as well as from the sunnah (established practice) of the Holy Prophet (s). Third, like many actions which are better and carry a lot of reward as well as benefits (e.g. Salatul Layl, or fasting in the month of Rajab) is not always performed by all of us. It is the strong faith, special circumstances or other reasons which make some of us to perform the Mustahab acts. Similarly, saying of wajib salat at the excellent (afdal) time also requires these factors. Untill all those who participate in the Jama`ah prayers all equally commited to a cause, can a recommended practice be insituted. God knows the best Hasnain Kassamali Humble servant of the Ahlul Bayt (a).