Page is loading...

Section Three

The traditions that prove he is from the progeny of the Messenger of Allah, Allah's blessings be on him and his family, from his Ahl al-Bait, and from his seed

Comprised of 407 traditions

481. Al-Fitan1: Narrated to us al-Walīd, from al-Shaykh, from al-Zuhrī, from `Urwa, from `Ā’isha, from the Holy Prophet, Allah’s blessings be on him and his family, who said: “He is a man from my progeny. He will fight in accordance with my customs (sunnatī) just as I fought in accordance with the revelations.”

482. Al-Fitan2: Narrated to us al-Walīd from ibn Lahī`a and informed me `Ayyāsh b. `Abbās from ibn Zarīr, from `Alī, may Allah be satisfied with him, from the Holy Prophet, Allah’s blessings be on him and his family, who said: “He is a man from my Ahl al-Bait.”

And narrated to us ibn Wahb, from ibn Lahī`a, from al-Ḥarth b. Yazīd, from ibn Zarīr al-Ghāfiqī, from `Alī, peace be on him, who said: “He is from the progeny of the Prophet, may Allah’s blessings be upon him and his family.”

483. Jawāhir al-`iqdain3: Aḥmad, ibn Māja, and others have narrated from `Alī, may Allah be satisfied with him, without a chains of narrators, that: “The Mahdī is from us. Religion will be sealed through us just as it by through us.”

484. Al-Mu`jam al-kabīr4: Narrated to us al-Ḥusayn b. Isḥāq al-Tustarī, from Wāṣil b. `Abd al-A`lā, from Muḥammad b. Fuḍail, from Uthmān b. `Abd-Allah b. Shubrama, from `Āṣim b. Abī l-Najūd, from Zirr b. Ḥubaish, from `Abd-Allah b. Mas`ūd, may Allah be satisfied with him, who recounts that the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be on him [and his family], said: “A man from my Ahl al-Bait will emerge. His name will be my name and his character will be my character. He will fill [the earth] with justice and fairness just as it will be filled with unfairness and injustice.”

485. Ṣifat al-Mahdī5: From `Abd-Allah b. `Umar, from the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be on him [and his family], who said: “The Hour will not be established until a person from my Ahl al-Bait rules. His name will be my name. He will fill the earth with justice and fairness just as it will be filled with unfairness and injustice.”

486. Al-Fitan6: Narrated to us al-Walīd, from Abū Rāfi`, from Abū Sa`īd al-Khudrī, from the Holy Prophet, Allah’s blessings be on him [and his family], who said: “He is from my progeny.”

487. Al-Fitan7: Narrated to us al-Qāsim b. Malak al-Muzanī, from Yāsīn b. Sayyār, from Ibrāhīm b. Muḥammad b. al-Ḥanafiyya, from his father, from `Alī b. Abī Ṭālib, may Allah be satisfied with him, from the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be on him [and his family], who said: “The Mahdī is from us Ahl al-Bait.”

488. Al-Fitan (by Abū Yaḥyā Zakariyyā b. Yaḥyā b. al-Ḥārith al-Bazzāz)8: Narrated to us `Abd al-Quddūs al-`Aṭṭār, from `Amr b. `Āṣim, from `Imrān al-Qattān, from Qatāda, from Abū Naḍra, from Abū Sa`īd, from the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be on him [and his family], who said: “The Mahdī is from us Ahl al-Bait.”

489. Al-Mu`jam al-ausaṭ9: Narrated to us Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā b. Khalid b. Ḥibbān, from Muḥammad b. Sufyān al-Ḥaḍramī, from ibn Lahī`a, from Abī Zur`a `Amr b. Jābir, from `Umar b. `Alī, from his father `Alī b. Abī Ṭālib, peace be on him, who said:

I asked the Prophet, Allah's blessings be on him and his family, “Is the Mahdī from us or other than us, O Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “He is from us. [Through us] Allah will seal just as He commenced through us. Through us they will be liberated from polytheism. Through us Allah will unite their hearts after clear enmity just as He united their hearts after the enmity of polytheism.” I asked, “Will they be believers or non-believers?” He replied, “[They will be] astray (maftūn) and non-believers.”

490. Al-Mu`jam al-ṣaghīr10: Narrated to us Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. al-`Abbās al-Qantarī, from Ḥarb b. al-Ḥasan al-Ṭaḥḥān, from Ḥusayn b. al-Ḥasan al-Ashqar, from Qays b. al-Rabī`, from al-A’mash, from `Abāya i.e. ibn Raba`ī, from Abū Ayyūb al-Anṣārī, from the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be on him [and his family], who said to Fāṭima, [peace be on her]:

Our Prophet is the best of Prophets and he is your father. Our martyr is the best of martyrs and he is your uncle. From us is the one who has two wings by which he flies in Paradise where he wishes, and he is your father’s cousin, Ja`far [al-Ṭayyār]. From us are the two grandsons of this nation, al-Ḥasan and al-Ḥusayn, and they are your sons. And from us is the Mahdī.

I say: Ibn al-Maghāzilī has recorded the entire tradition with its chain of narrators—which ends at `Abāya—who narrates from Abū Ayyūb al-Anṣārī:

Once the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be on him [and his family], became ill and Fāṭima, Allah’s blessings be on her, visited him while he was recovering from his illness. When she saw the affliction and weakness of the Messenger of Allah, she started gasping until her tears rolled down from her eyes.

He said to her, “O Fāṭima! Allah, Mighty and Glorified be He, searched the earth thoroughly, then chose from it your father and sent him as a Prophet. He searched it a second time and chose your husband. Thereafter, He revealed [some matters] to me and I gave your hand in marriage to him and made him the executor of my will. Are you not aware, O Fāṭima, that because Allah holds you in such high esteem, He has married you to a person who is the greatest in forbearance, the foremost amongst them in Islam, and the most knowledgeable amongst them?”

On hearing this, Fāṭima became happy and rejoiced. Then, the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be on him [and his family], said to her, “O Fāṭima! `Alī has eight obvious qualities: His belief in Allah and His Messenger, his wisdom, his marriage to Fāṭima, his sons al-Ḥasan and al-Ḥusayn, his enjoinment of good and forbiddance from evil, his judgment by [using] the Book of Allah, Mighty and Majestic be He. O Fāṭima! We Ahl al-Bait have been given seven characteristics that have not been given to anybody from the first ones and the last ones [or he said: no one from the last ones except us].

Our Prophet is the most superior of the Prophets and he is your father. Our heir (waṣī) is the best of the heirs, and he is your husband. Our martyr is the best of martyrs and he is your father’s uncle. From us is the one who has two wings by which he flies in Paradise where he wishes and he is your cousin Ja`far [al-Ṭayyār]. From us are the two grandsons of this nation, al-Ḥasan and al-Ḥusayn, and they are your sons. And I swear by the One in Whose hands is my life, from us is the Mahdī of this nation.”

The traditions with the following numbers are either in harmony with the topic of this section, or result in it, or based on the interpretation of other narrations conform to it: 65, 70, 72, 80, 81, 83, 91, 95, 113, 118, 120, 125, 126, 127, 129, 132, 134, 136, 143, 149, 153, 158, 159, 160, 167, 168, 169, 170, 173, 175, 176, 177, 178, 181, 183, 191, 193, 194, 196, 205–309, 317, 318, 321, 323, 324, 325, 327, 336, 339, 345, 346, 349, 350, 353–357, 359, 360, 362–367, 370, 371, 373–378, 382, 385, 390, 395, 396, 398, 400, 401, 402, 406, 407, 411, 414, 416, 417, 418, 434, 435, 438, 450, 451, 456, 458, 461, 463–470, 475, 478–480, 492, 494, 496–499, 500, 502-509, 516–572, 575, 578, 580, 581, 586, 588, 590, 591, 595, 597, 603, 608, 609, 610, 613, 624, 625, 641, 645, 653, 654, 670, 685, 726, 757, 771, 780, 786, 787, 789–807, 859, 902, 903, 904, 918, 928, 932, 939, 942, 956, 958, 960, 973, 974, 1105, 1113, 1116, 1130, 1139, 1140, 1158, 1159, 1160, 1162, 1164, 1165, 1168, 1169, 1175, 1178, 1179, 1180, 1184, 1191, 1198, 1205, 1212, 1216–1219, 1223, 1230, 1235, 1237, 1240, 1243, 1246, 1251, 1252–1256, 1260, 1264, 1272, and 1274.

  • 1. Al-Fitan, vol. 5, p. 199; al-Ṣawā`iq al-muḥriqa, under the twelfth verse, p. 162; Jawāhir al-`iqdain, vol. 2, p. 8; Yanābī`’ al-mawadda, chap. 73, p. 433; al-Malāḥim wa l-fitan, chap. 192; al-Burhān fī `alāmāt Mahdī ākhir al-zamān, chap. 2, p. 95, no. 21; `Iqd al-durar, chap. 1, pp. 16–17.
  • 2. Al-Fitan, vol. 5, pp. 199–200; Al-Burhān fī `alāmāt Mahdī ākhir al-zamān, chap. 2, p. 5, no. 21.
  • 3. Jawāhir al-`iqdain, vol. 2, p. 8; al-Ṣawā`iq al-muḥriqa, under the twelfth verse from the verses that have been revealed about them, citing al-Ṭabarānī, p. 161; Is`āf al-rāghibīn (printed in the marginal notes of Nūr al-abṣār), chap. 2, p. 134; Yanābī`’ al-mawadda, chap. 73, p. 433; `Iqd al-durar, chap. 7, p. 145. He says: “Al-Ḥāfiẓ Abū Bakr al-Bayhaqī has recorded it”; Kashf al-khafā wa muzīl al-albās, vol. 2, pp. 288–289.
  • 4. Al-Mu`jam al-kabīr, vol. 10, no. 10229; Kanz al-`ummāl, vol. 14, p. 273, no. 38702; Muntakhab kanz al-`ummāl, vol. 6, p. 32, with a little difference; al-Burhān fī `alāmāt Mahdī ākhir al-zamān, chap. 2, p. 92, no. 11. He has recorded it from al-Ṭabarānī and Abū Nu`aim; Kashf al-ghumma, vol. 2, p. 471, no. 23, citing al-Arba`īn by Abū Nu`aim with the difference that he has mentioned the narration to: “. . . he will fill [the earth] with justice and fairness” ; al-`Arf al-wardī (al-Ḥāwī lil-fatāwī), vol. 2, p. 132, citing al-Ṭabarānī and Abū Nu`aim.
  • 5. `Iqd al-durar, chap. 2, pp. 29–30. He says: “Al-Ḥāfiẓ Abū Nu`aim has recorded it in Ṣifat al-Mahdī likewise” ; Kashf al-ghumma, vol. 2, p. 471, no. 9, citing Abū Nu`aim in al-Aḥādīth al-arba`īn, through his chains of narrators from ibn `Umar.
  • 6. Al-Fitan (manuscript), vol. 5, p. 199; al-Malāḥim wa l-fitan, chap. 194, p. 85, citing al-Fitan, with a slight difference in the wording of the chain.
  • 7. Al-Fitan (manuscript), vol. 5, p. 201; al-Malāḥim wa l-fitan, chap. 198, p. 86, citing al-Fitan.
  • 8. Al-Malāḥim wa l-fitan, sect. 3, chap. 19, pp. 163–164, citing al-Fitan by Abū Yaḥyā Zakariyyā b. Yaḥyā b. al-Ḥārith al-Bazzāz, dated: Wednesday, end of Rabī` al-Awwal, 391 AH from al-Nizāmiyya Waqf; `Iqd al-durar, chap. 1, p.21.
  • 9. Al-Mu`jam al-ausaṭ, vol. 1, p. 136, no. 757; Al-Fitan, chap. “Nisbat al-Mahdī,” p. 198; Kanz al-`ummāl, vol. 14, pp. 598–599, no. 39682; al-Burhān fī `alāmāt Mahdī ākhir al-zamān, chap. 2, p. 91, no. 7; al-`Arf al-wardī (al-Ḥāwī lil-fatāwī), vol. 2, p. 129; `Iqd al-durar, chap. 1, p. 25, and chap. 7, p. 142; Mahdī `āl al-rasūl, p. 5.
  • 10. Al-Mu`jam al-ṣaghīr, vol. 1, chap. “Min ismih Aḥmad,” p. 37; Jawāhir al-`iqdain, vol. 2, p. 8. He says: “Al-Ṭabarānī has recorded it in al-Ausaṭ”; Yanābī`’ al-mawadda, chap. 73, p. 434, with the difference: “From us is the Mahdī and he is from your descendants”; al-Bayān, chap. ½, p. 98; Dhakhā’ir al-uqbā, p. 44; `Iqd al-durar, chap. 1, p. 25; Majma` al-zawā’id, vol. 9, p. 166; al-Ṣawā’iq, p. 163; al-Manāqib by ibn al-Maghāzilī, pp. 101–102, no. 144; Yanābī`’ al-mawadda, chap. 73, p. 436, with the difference: “I swear by the One in whose hand is my life! From us is the Mahdī of this nation and he is from your descendants”; al-Ṭūsī, al-Amālī, vol. 1, p. 154, like what has been recorded in al-Manāqib; Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 37, chap. 50 / 16, pp. 41–42, and pp. 65–66, no. 37, and vol. 51, chap. 1/6, p. 67; al-`Umda, p. 267, no. 423; al-Ṭarā’if, p. 134, no. 212; Sharḥ al-akhbār, vol. 2, pp. 509–510, no. 900.

Share this page