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Biographical Information on
al-Hakim al-Naysaburi

Category: Biography
[Biographical Notes in 'Reliance of the Traveller', Noah (Nuh) Ha Mim Keller, USA: Sunna Books, 1991 CE, x129 (pg. 1048) ]

Hakim (g1.1) is Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Hamdawayh ibn Na'im al-Dabi, Abu `Abdullah al-Hakim al-Naysaburi, born in Nishapur, Persia, in 321/ 933. A Shafi`i scholar, hadith master, and Imam, he journeyed far in quest of knowledge of prophetic traditions, travelling to `Iraq, to the Hijaz, and then to the lands beyond the Oxus, hearing hadiths from nearly two thousand sheikhs. He was appointed to the judiciary in Nishapur in A.H. 359, whence the nickname al-Hakim (the Magistrate), and subsequently in Jurjan, but refused the second position. He was among the most knowledgeable scholars in distinguishing rigorously authenticated from poorly authenticated hadiths, and among the most prolific. Ibn `Asakir estimates that Hakim's works on hadith and other subjects amount to approximately fifteen hundred volumes, though he is most famous for his four-volume al-Mustradrak `ala al-Sahihayn [The addendum to the two "Sahih" collections of Bukhari and Muslim]. He died in Nishapur in 405/1014 (al-A`lam (y136). 6.227; and Tabaqat al-Shafi`iyya al-kubra (y128), 4.155).

Reliability
[al-Ghadir fi al-kitab wa'l-sunnah wa'l-adab, al-Amini, `Abd al-Husayn Ahmad al-Tabrizi al-Najafi, Beirut: Mu'assasat al-A`lami (11 vols), 1414 AH/1994 CE, vol. 1, p. 141 ]
 
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Created: October 1999