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Biographical Information on
al-Dhahabi

Category: Biography
[Biographical Notes in 'Reliance of the Traveller', Noah (Nuh) Ha Mim Keller, USA: Sunna Books, 1991 CE, x114 (pg. 1045) ]

(Imam) Dhahabi (Introduction) is Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn `Uthman ibn Qaymaz, Abu `Abdullah Shams al-Din al-Dhahabi, the great Shafi`i hadith master (hafiz) and historian of Islam, born in Damascus in 673/1274. Of Turkoman origin, he first studied in Damascus and then travelled to Cairo and other cities in pursuit of Sacred Knowledge. He authored nearly a hundred works, some of them of considerable size, like his twenty-three volume Siyar a`lam al-nubala' [The lives of noble figures], or his thirty-six volume Tarikh al-Islam al-kabir [Major history of Islam]. In addition to his mastery of hadith, he was also an Imam in canonical Koranic readings (qira'at) and textual criticism. He went blind about seven years before his death, and died in Damascus in 748/1348 (al-A`lam (y136), 5.326; Kitab al-kaba'ir (y36), 23-25; and Tabaqat al-Shafi`iyya al-kubra (y128), 9.100).

Reliability
[al-Ghadir fi al-kitab wa'l-sunnah wa'l-adab, al-Amini, `Abd al-Husayn Ahmad al-Tabrizi al-Najafi, Beirut: Mu'assasat al-A`lami (11 vols), 1414 AH/1994 CE, vol. 1, p. 160 ]
 
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Created: October 1999