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Biographical Information on
Ibn Hajar al-Makki

Category: Biography
[Biographical Notes in 'Reliance of the Traveller', Noah (Nuh) Ha Mim Keller, USA: Sunna Books, 1991 CE, x160 (pg. 1054) ]

(Imam, Sheikh al-Islam) Ibn Hajar Haytami (o25.0) is Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn `Ali ibn Hajar, Abu al-`Abbas Shihab al-Din al-Haytami al-Makki, born in 909/1504 in Abu Haytam, western Egypt. He was the Shafi`i Imam of his time, a brilliant scholar of in-depth applications of Sacred Law, and with Imam Ahmad al-Ramli, represents the foremost resource for legal opinion (fatwa) for the entire late Shafi`i school. He was educated at al-Azhar, but later moved to Mecca, where he authored major works in Shafi`i jurisprudence, hadith, tenets of faith, education, hadith commentary, and formal legal opinion. His most famous works include Tuhfa al-muhtaj bi sharh al-Minhaj [The gift of him in need: an explanation of "The road"], a commentary on Nawawi's Minhaj al-talibin [The seekers' road] whose ten volumes represent a high point in Shafi`i scholarship, the four-volume al-Fatawa al-kubra al-fiqhiyya [The major collection of legal opinions]; and al-Zawajir `an iqtiraf al-kaba'ir [Deterrents from committing enormities], which with its detailed presentation of Koran and hadith evidence and masterful legal inferences, remains unique among Muslim works dealing with godfearingness (taqwa) and is even recognized by Hanafi scholars like Ibn `Abidin as a source of authoritative legal texts (nusus) valid in their own school. After a lifetime of outstanding scholarship, the Imam died and was buried in Mecca in 974/1567 (al-A`lam (y136), 1.234; A; and n).

Reliability
[al-Ghadir fi al-kitab wa'l-sunnah wa'l-adab, al-Amini, `Abd al-Husayn Ahmad al-Tabrizi al-Najafi, Beirut: Mu'assasat al-A`lami (11 vols), 1414 AH/1994 CE, vol. 1, p. 171 ]
 
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Created: October 1999