The Various Occasions
Related to \adíth alThaqalayn:
The various narrations of \adíth
alThaqalayn also indicate the occasion on which the
Prophet (S) proclaimed it publicly. `Allámah `Abd al-`Azíz
^abá>abá'í, who has studied the various
narrations of \adíth al-Thaqalayn as recorded by
various traditionists mentions four occasions on which the Prophet
(S) proclaimed it publicly. First of these is the occasion when
the Prophet (S) proclaimed it during his last <ajj at
`Arafát. On this occasion, the Prophet (S) was accompanied
by more than a hundred thousand Muslims. The second occasion relates
to his proclamation at Ghadír Khumm, during the course
of his return journey to Madínah. The third occasion relates
to his proclamation in the Mosque of Madínah. The fourth
one relates to his pronouncement of \adíth alThaqalayn
in his chamber during his last illness. All these occasions
lie within a period of ninety days and pertain to the Prophet's
There are, however, many narrations of the
<adíth - in fact, most of them - which do not contain
any clue about the time and place of its pronouncement. In the
following are given instances of the narrations of \adíth
alThaqalayn relating to each of these occasions, accompanied
by the sources which record them. 
AlTirmidhí in his Sunan (v,
662, no. 3786) records the following tradition
....Jábir ibn `Abd Alláh said: "I saw the Messenger of Alláh - upon whom be God's peace and benedictions - in the course of his <ajj pilgrimage on the day of `Arafah. The Prophet (S) was seated on his camel, alQa#wá', and was delivering a sermon. I heard him say: 'O people, I am leaving among you that which if you hold on to you shall never go astray: the Book of Alláh and my kindred, my household."
AlTirmidhí states that the
same tradition has been narrated by Abú Dharr, Abu Sa`íd,
Zayd ibn Arqam and \udhayfah ibn Usayd.
Among others who have recorded this tradition are:
At Ghadír Khumm:
AlNasá'í in his alSunan
alkubrá, 96, No. 79, records the following tradition
in the chapter "Kha#á'i# `Alí":
AlNasá'í narrates from Mu<ammad ibn alMuthanná, he from Ya<yá ibn \ammád, from Abú 'Uwwanáh, from Sulaymán, from \abíb ibn Abí Thábit, from Abú al^ufayl, from Zayd ibn Arqam, who said, "When the Messenger of Alláh (A) returned from the last <ajj and came down at Ghadír Khumm....
"Then he declared: 'I am about to answer the call (of death). Verily, I have left two precious things (thaqalayn) among you, one of which is greater than the other: the Book of God and my `Itrah, my Ahl alBayt. So watch out how you treat them after me. For, indeed, they will never separate until they return to me by the side of the Pond.' Then he said, 'Verily, God is my master (walí) and I am the walí of every believer.' Then he took `Alí's hand and declared, 'To whomever I am his walí, this one is also his walí. My God, befriend whoever befriends him and be hostile to whoever is hostile to him.'" Abú al^ufayl says: "I said to Zayd, 'Did you hear it from the Prophet(S)?' He replied, 'There was no one in the caravan who did not see it with his eyes and hear it with his ears,'"
is part of alNasá'í's alSunan alkubrá
as shown by the 3rd volume of the MS in the king's collection
in Morocco, written in 759/1358 folios 81-117. See also in this
regard the introduction of alKha#á'i# (Kuwait:
Maktabat alMu`allá, 1406), ed. by A<mad Mírayn
Balushí. The editor states that this tradition is #a<í<
and its transmitters are thiqah.
Among others who have recorded it in their books are:
In the Mosque of Madínah:
Ibn `A>iyyah in the introduction of his
tafsír, alMu<arrar alwajíz, i,
34 records the following narration:
...It is narrated that he (i.e. the Prophet) - upon whom be peace - said in the last sermon that he delivered during his illness: "O people, I leave behind two precious things (thaqalayn) amongst you...: the Book of God - which is a rope between Him and you, whose one end is in His hand and whose other end is in your hands so act according to its mu<kamát and believe in its mutashábihát; consider as lawful that which it regards as lawful and consider as forbidden that which it regards as unlawful - and my `Itrah and my Ahl alBayt, who are the second thaql. So don't outstrip them (fa lá tasbiqúhum ), for then you shall perish."
Unfortunately in the printed versions of it fa lá tasbiqúhum has been altered as fa lá tasbi`úhum (a meaningless expression). This tradition has also been narrated by:
In the Prophet's Chamber During His Last Illness:
Ibn Abí Shaybah, as cited by Al`I#ámí
in Sim> alnujúm al'awálí,
ii, 502, no. 136, has narrated the following tradition:
The Messenger of Alláh (S) said during his last illness: "Soon I am going to pass away and I have extended to you my plea of excuse. Lo, verily I leave behind amongst you two precious things: the Book of Alláh , the Almighty and the Glorious, and my kindred (`Itrah)." Then he took `Alí's hand and raised it, saying, "This `Alí is with the Qur'án and the Qur'án is with `Alí. The two will not separate until they return to me by the Pond. Then I will ask the two as to how they were treated after me."
Among the narrators of this tradition are: