Glossary of Arabic Terms
Adil- Religiously just.
Al-hakim al-shari- An authorized religious judge.
Ba’aen- An irrevocable divorce.
Fugaha- Islamic jurists.
Muftadha- A woman known for or repudiated with acts of indecency.
Haqq- Religious right.
Haq al-irwa al-jinsi- Right of wife for physical gratification from her husband.
Haq al-maiyah- Right of spouse for companionship.
Haq al-ta’a- Right of obedience.
Haqq istimta’a- Right of spouse for physical and emotional company.
Hajj- Pilgrimage to Mecca; an obligatory act of worship for Muslims.
Hijab- Mandatory covering of the female body.
Hukom- A religious verdict.
Imam- Muslim religious leader.
Iddah- Waiting period for a divorced woman.
Khul’a- Grounds for divorce used for the wife who has developed an aversion toward her husband.
Nifas- Post-partum blood.
Nufaqa (nifiqa)- Right of wife and children for living expenditures.
Nushuuz- One spouse breaching family law.
Mehr-I-mithel- Comparative or equivalent value of mahr.
Mua’malla- Good dealings with people.
Mubarat- Grounds for divorce used for couples who have developed mutual aversion toward one another.
Mudaba- Showing affection toward one’s spouse.
Muharam- A woman’s immediate relatives (father, husband, son, brother, uncle, nephew, grandfather & son in-law).
Mukalif- A person who is required to practice God’s commands.
Mujahedeen- People who strive to accomplish a specific religious goal.
Muthajia- Being in bed with one’s spouse.
Reje- A revocable divorce.
Shairiah (shari)- Islamic laws.
Shiqaaqa- Both spouses breaching family law.
Tamkeem- Wife making herself available for her husband.
Tasleem- Surrendering to Allah.
Wakil- Representative of suit; power of attorney.
Wathrebuhun- Described by the Prophet as a light tap.