By the Grace of Allah (s.w.t.), we are reprinting our book “Adab Al-Haramayn” (Rules of the Two Holy Shrines) as the first edition was in high demand and found to be beneficial to pilgrims. Once again, we hope our efforts to benefit and guide our brothers in faith will be accepted by Allah (s.w.t.).
رب أوزعني أن أشكر نعمتك التي أنعمت علي وعلى والدي ولن أعمل صالحا ترضاه وأصلح لي في ذريتي إني تبت إليك وإني مـن المسلمين.
اللهم أغفر لنا ولوالدينا ولمن وجب حثه علينا وللمؤمنين والمؤمنات
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Mercy Giving
All Praise be to the Lord of the worlds; salutations and peace be upon the Holy Prophet and his purified progeny.
It should be noted that the holy shrines call for the same respect as do the mosques but the sanctity of the holy shrines is elevated further as inside are the graves of the chosen ones. Remembering Him through prayers and invoking His mercy in such shrines are highly recommended as mentioned in the Holy Book.
في بيوت أذن الله أن ترفع ويذكر فيها أسمه يسبح له فيها بالغدو والآصال * رجـال لا تلهيهم تجارة ولا بيع عن ذكر الله وإقـام الصلوة - الآية .
Pilgrimage is a physical and a spiritual form of worship involving a visit to the Ka’aba and the prescribed places around Mecca. It is a means of obtaining proximity to the Almighty and exerting oneself in the rigorous self-training activities for the sake of Allah and remembering Him continuously as prescribed by Him. One should repent sincerely of past sins and hope for salvation and clear himself of all distractions in order to be submissive to Him only.
The pilgrims should be free from all attachments, and observe silence and tranquility; and only perform the prescribed obligations, avoid all sins and forbidden acts; and should behave well and carry out all the commands. If such acts are performed without such ethics, then the purpose of the pilgrimage is of no importance, as says the Almighty.
لن ينال الله لحومها ولا دمائها ولكـن يـاله التقوى منكم.
How can one undertake such a journey and circumambulate the Holy Ka’aba and visit other holy places and shrines with a heart of hypocrisy, sins, and hatred? Our Holy Imams (‘a) have said: "He who goes on pilgrimage with unlawf ul-money will be answered back at the time of talbiya (which is essentially the servant responding to God's call) ‘O my servant! Your response is rejected and no happiness will be granted’".
لا لبيك عبدي ولا سعديك
The pilgrimage has unaccountable, unseen gains and concealed benefits which atheists do not perceive. This is because Allah (s.w.t.) has sealed their hearts after they have themselves chosen to go astray and hence will never see the truth.
They refuse to accept His Lordship and the satans turn out to be their only Guardian and Master who later on plunge them to a deep and dark abyss from where they can never get out.
It is therefore crystal clear that Allah (s.w.t.) made pilgrimage obligatory upon His servants, so that they can feel His Dignity and Magnanimity; His Glory and Superiority; His Kingdom and Grace. On the other hand, He wants the pilgrims to feel their servitude, inferiority and abjectness before Him. He wants them to feel like servants and subjects who under their kings and sultans are forced to stop at door after door and barrier after barrier until finally their presents are accepted. Only then will they be allowed in to enter.
Surely Almighty Allah (s.w.t.) has dignified His sacred house and accredited it to Himself and made it His servants' backbone for their livelihood. He made it the destination of all those who come from far and wide and from different lands and nations of the world. He made the surrounding areas sanctuaries of peace, created in it, open spaces and fields, and modelled it to the paragons of kings and sultans.
He later on made it incumbent upon mankind no matter how remote their areas be to make pilgrimage to the holy land either on foot, or by riding. He then ordered them to put on pilgrims' garbs, thus doing away with wearing their personal styles and come to Him dishevelled and dusty, modestly and submissively crying out as they answer to their Lord's call; they meet a barrier which is not lifted until they have prayed, supplicated and pelted pebbles at their devils making sure they have destroyed and eradicated them completely.
Having done this, they are then allowed to present their sacrifices, and shave so that they can be cleansed of the sins which were barriers between them and their Almighty God. After being cleansed and purified, He permits them to visit the Holy House and make them feel their servitude for the second time.
They, on one hand, circumambulate the Holy House clinging submissively onto the curtains, and on the other hand traversing between the two hills (Safa and Marwa) all under His authority; and thus, show them His Superiority and their inferiority. This act is to let them realise as to who they are so that they can overcome their pride, ignorance, selfishness and ego-centricity that they hold to and put on the garment of inferiority and modesty. This is one of the most important benefits of pilgrimage in addition to the fact that it reminds us of the final Day of Reckoning which covers all the Prophets and nations.
Certain aspects of that great Gathering place have been mentioned in the Holy Qur’an; that scene has astonished some scholars and intellectuals. Pilgrimage, then, has been designed to be a sample of that Day of Reckoning and it has been called the smaller Gathering. Scholars have written treatises about the comparison between the two Reckonings. May Almighty Allah be pleased with them. They collected all this from one of the best sermons of Imam Ali (‘a) in his book "Nahj ul-Balagha" (The peak of Eloquence).
In this sermon, Imam Ali (‘a) mentions some of the secrets of pilgrimage. The most important of them being the remembrance of the Final Day of Reckoning from which none will be able to run away. By wearing pilgrims’ garbs and staying on the same spot, at the same time, one gets a glimpse of gathering of people in their shrouds and by treading between the two hills and circumambulating the Holy Ka’aba, one is reminded as to how people will be confused rushing for shelter, protection and refuge, etc.
This book has been divided into two sections. The first section consists of recommended etiquettes of travel, moral and spiritual performances to be carried out when visiting the holy shrines of our Holy Prophet (S) and the chosen ones in Jannat ul-Baqee.
The second section deals with the Holy Ka'aba, sacred places and shrines in and outside Mecca. All these recommendations are followed with the hope of being rewarded abundantly by Allah's (s.w.t.) Grace.