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Chapter 10: Bequest Of The Prophet

٠ - وصايا النبي صلى الله عليه وآله

عنه، عن القاسم بن يحيى، عن جده الحسن بن راشد، عن أبي حمزة الثمالي عن أبي جعفر (ع) قال: أتى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله رجل فقال: علمني يا رسول الله، فقال: عليك باليأس عما في أيدي الناس فإنه الغنى الحاضر، قال: زدني يا رسول الله، قال: إياك والطمع فإنه الفقر الحاضر، قال: زدني يا رسول الله، قال: إذا هممت بأمر فتدبر عاقبته فإن يك خيرا ورشدا فاتبعه، وإن يك غيا فدعه.

From him, from Al Qasim Bin yahya, from his grandfather Al Hassan Bin Rashid, from Abu Hamza Al-Thumali, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws) having said: ‘A man came up to Rasul Allah (saww), so he said, ‘Teach me, O Rasul Allah (saww)!’ So he (saww) said: ‘It is on you to despair from what is in the hands of the rich people present’.

He said, ‘Increase it for me, O Rasul Allah (saww)!’ He said, ‘Beware of greed, for it is the apparent poverty’. He said, ‘Increase it for me, O Rasul Allah (saww)’. He (saww) said: ‘When you think of (doing) a matter, think of its consequences, so if it is good for you and correct, so follow it, and if it is bad, so leave it’.1

عنه، عن حماد بن عمر والنصيبي، عن السرى بن خالد، عن أبي عبد الله (ع) عن آبائه، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله، قال: قال لعلي (ع): يا علي أوصيك بوصية فاحفظها عنى، فقال له علي: يا رسول الله أوص، فكان في وصيته أن قال: إن اليقين أن لا ترضى أحدا بسخط الله، ولا - تحمد أحدا على ما آتاك الله، ولا تذم أحدا على ما لم يؤتك الله، فإن الرزق لا يجره حرص حريص، ولا يصرفه كراهية كاره، إن الله بحكمه وفضله جعل الروح والفرح في اليقين والرضى، وجعل الهم والحزن في الشك والسخط،

From him, from Hamaad Bin Umar and Al Nasaybi, from Al Sary Bin Khalid, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), from his (asws) forefathers (asws), from the Prophet (saww), said, ‘He (saww) said to Ali (asws): ‘O Ali (asws)! I (saww) bequeath to you with a bequest, so memorise it from me (saww)’. So Ali (asws) said to him (saww): ‘O Rasul Allah (saww), bequeath it’.

So from what was in his (saww) bequest was that he (saww) said: ‘The conviction is that you (asws) do not be pleased with anyone (upon whom is) the Anger of Allah (azwj), nor should you (asws) praise anyone for what Allah (azwj) has Given you (asws), nor condemn anyone upon what Allah (azwj) has not Given you, for sustenance does not flow by the greed of the greedy one, nor will it change by the dislike of the one who dislikes it. Allah (azwj), by His (azwj) Wisdom has made the soul and happiness to be in conviction and contentment, and Made worries and grief to be in doubt and anger.

يا علي إنه لا فقر أشد من الجهل، ولا مال أعود من العقل، ولا وحدة أوحش من العجب، ولا مظاهرة أوثق من المشاورة، ولا عقل كالتدبير، ولا ورع كالكف، ولا حسب كحسن الخلق، ولا عبادة كالتفكر،

O Ali (asws)! There is no poverty more intense than ignorance, and no wealth more of a provision than the intellect, and no loneliness more monstrous than astonishment, nor any demonstration more reliable than consultation, nor is there any intellect like pondering, nor any piety like restraint, nor any nobility like the nobility of morals, nor any worship like thinking.

يا علي آفة الحديث الكذب، وآفة العلم النسيان، وآفة العبادة الفترة، وآفة الظرف الصلف، وآفة السماحة المن، وآفة الشجاعة البغي، وآفة الجمال الخيلاء، وآفة الحسب الفخر، يا علي إنك لا تزال بخير ما حفظت وصيتي، أنت مع الحق والحق معك

O Ali (asws)! The scourge/curse of the Hadeeth is lie, and the scourge of knowledge is forgetfulness, and the scourge of worship is weakness, and the scourge of tolerance is favouritism, and the scourge of bravery is rebellion, and the scourge of beauty is pompousness, and the scourge of nobility is pride. O Ali (asws)! You (asws) will never to be without goodness from what you (asws) have memorised of my (saww) bequest. You (asws) are with the Truth, and the Truth is with you (asws)’.2

عنه، عن محمد بن إسماعيل، رفعه إلى أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: أوصيك يا علي في نفسك بخصال فاحفظها، اللهم أعنه، الأولى الصدق فلا يخرج من فيك كذب أبدا، والثانية الورع فلا تجترئ على خيانة أبدا، والثالثة الخوف من الله كأنك تراه، والرابعة البكاء لله، يبنى لك بكل دمعة بيت في الجنة، والخامسة بذلك مالك و دمك دون دينك، والسادسة الاخذ بسنتي في صلاتي وصومي وصدقتي،

From him, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, raising it to Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘Rasul Allah (saww) said: ‘I (saww) bequeath to you (asws), O Ali (asws), with regards to yourself (asws), with certain qualities, therefore memorise it. Our Allah (azwj)! Help him (asws) (to memorise it)! The first is truthfulness, so do not let a lie come out from your (asws) mouth, ever. And the second is piety, so do not incline towards betrayal, ever.

And the third is the fear of Allah (azwj) as if you (asws) can see Him (azwj)’. The fourth is the wailing for the Sake of Allah (azwj), there shall be Built for you (asws) a house in the Paradise for every teardrop. The fifth is spending your (asws) wealth and your (asws) blood besides for your (asws) Religion. And the sixth, is the taking to my (saww) Sunnah regarding my (saww) Prayer, and my (saww) Fasting, and my (saww) charity’.

فأما الصيام فثلاثة أيام في الشهر، الخميس في أول الشهر، والأربعاء في وسط الشهر، والخميس في آخر الشهر، والصدقة بجهدك حتى تقول: قد أسرفت ولم تسرف، وعليك بصلاة الليل (يكررها أربعا) وعليك بصلاة الزوال، وعليك برفع يديك إلى ربك وكثرة تقلبها، وعليك بتلاوة القرآن على كل حال، وعليك بالسواك لكل وضوء، وعليك بمحاسن الأخلاق فارتكبها، وعليك بمساوئ الأخلاق فاجتنبها، فإن لم تفعل فلا تلومن إلا نفسك.

So as for the Fasting, so there are the three days in the month – the Thursday during the beginning of the month, and the Wednesday in the middle of the month, and the Thursday at the end of the month. And the charity by your (asws) effort until you (asws) will be saying: ‘I (asws) have been extravagant’, and you (asws) have not been extravagant.

And upon you is the night Prayer (repeated it four times), and upon you (asws) is the afternoon Prayer. And upon you (asws) is that you (asws) raise your (asws) hands to your (asws) Lord (azwj) and turn towards Him (azwj) frequently. And it is upon you (asws) to recite the Quran in every situation.

And it is upon you (asws) to brush your (asws) teeth for every ablution. And it is upon you (asws) to have beautiful morals, therefore commit these. And it is upon you (asws) to keep aside from evil manners. Therefore if you (asws) were not to do these, do not blame (anyone) except yourself (asws)’.3

عنه، عن النضر بن سويد، عن يحيى بن عمران الحلبي، عن أيوب بن عطية الحذاء، قال سمعت أبا عبد الله (ع) يقول: إن عليا (ع) وجد كتابا في قراب سيف رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله مثل الإصبع، فيه: إن أعتى الناس على الله القاتل غير قاتله، والضارب غير ضاربه، ومن والى غير مواليه فقد كفر بما أنزل الله على محمد صلى الله عليه وآله، ومن أحدث حدثا أو آوى محدثا فلا يقبل الله منه صرفا ولا عدلا، ولا يحل لمسلم أن يشفع في حد.

From him, from Al Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Yahya Bin Imran Al Halby, from Ayoub Bin Atiya Al Haza’a who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘Ali (asws) found written upon the sheath of the sword of Rasul Allah (saww), like the finger: ‘The people would come against Allah (azwj), the fighter without his fighting, and the striker without his strike, and the master without his slave, so they have disbelieved with what Allah (azwj) Revealed unto Muhammad (saww). And the one who narrates something new or supports something new, so Allah (azwj) would not Accept from him, neither the change nor the alteration, and it is not Permissible for a Muslim that he should intercede for his penalty’.4

  • 1. Al Mahaasin – V 1 Bk 1 H 46
  • 2. Al Mahaasin – V 1 Bk 1H 47
  • 3. Al Mahaasin – V 1 Bk 1H 48
  • 4. Al Mahaasin – V 1 Bk 1H 49