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Chapter 1: The (Group Of) Threes

١ - باب الثلاثة

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

In The Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

أحمد بن أبي عبد الله البرقي، عن معاوية بن وهب، عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: يا معاوية من أعطى ثلاثا لم يحرم ثلاثا، من أعطى الدعاء أعطى الإجابة، ومن أعطى الشكر أعطى الزيادة، ومن أعطى التوكل أعطى الكفاية، إن الله عز وجل يقول: "ومن يتوكل على الله فهو حسبه، إن الله بالغ أمره". وقال عز وجل: "لئن شكرتم لأزيدنكم، ولئن كفرتم إن عذابي لشديد". وقال: "ادعوني أستجب لكم، إن الذين يستكبرون عن عبادتي سيدخلون جهنم داخرين "

Ahmad Bin Abdu Abdullah Al Barqi, from Muawiya Bin Wahab, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘O Muawiya! The one who is Given three is not Prohibited from three – The one who is Given supplication is (also) Given need; and the one who is Given appreciation is (also) given increase (in sustenance); and the one who is Given reliance (upon Allah (azwj)) is (also) Given sufficiency. Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic is Saying

ومن يتوكل على الله فهو حسبه، إن الله بالغ أمره

and whoever relies upon Allah, He is sufficient for him; surely Allah Attains his purpose (65:3)

and the Mighty and Majestic Said

لئن شكرتم لأزيدنكم، ولئن كفرتم إن عذابي لشديد

And when your Lord Proclaimed: If you are grateful, I would Increase it more for you, and if you are ungrateful, My Punishment is truly Severe. (14:7)

And Said

ادعوني أستجب لكم، إن الذين يستكبرون عن عبادتي سيدخلون جهنم داخرين

And your Lord says: Call upon Me, I will Answer you; surely those who are too proud to worship Me shall soon enter Hell abased’(40:60).1

عنه، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن عبد الحميد الطائي، عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: كتب معي إلى عبد الله بن معاوية وهو بفارس، " من اتقى الله وقاه، ومن شكره زاده، ومن أقرضه جزاه".

From him, from Hamaad Bin Isa, from Abdul Hameed Al Ta’ai, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), said, ‘There is a letter with me from Al- Sadiq (asws) to Abdullah Bin Muawiya, and he was in Persia: ‘The one who fears Allah (azwj), He (azwj) will Protect him; and the one who thanks Him (azwj), He (azwj) would Increase (sustenance) for him; and the one who lends (Qarz-e-Hasana) Him (azwj), He (azwj) Recompenses him’.2

عنه، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن منصور بن يونس، عن أبي حمزة الثمالي، عن أبي عبد الله أو علي بن الحسين (ع) قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: ثلاث منجيات وثلاث مهلكات، قالوا: يا رسول الله ما المنجيات؟ - قال صلى الله عليه وآله: خوف الله في السر كأنك تراه، فإن لم تكن تراه فإنه يراك، والعدل في الرضى والغضب، والقصد في الغنى والفقر، قالوا: يا رسول الله فما المهلكات؟ - قال صلى الله عليه وآله: هوى متبع، وشح مطاع، وإعجاب المرء بنفسه

From him, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Mabsour Bin Yunus, from Abu Hamza Al-Thumali, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) or Ali (asws) Bin Al-Husayn (asws) having said: ‘Rasul Allah (saww) said: ‘Three are saviours and three are destroyers’.

They said, ‘O Rasul Allah (saww)! What are the saviours?’

He (saww) said: ‘Fear of Allah (azwj) in secrecy as if you can see Him (azwj), so if you cannot see Him (azwj), then He (azwj) can See you; and justice during contentment and anger; and moderation during wealth and poverty’.

They said, ‘O Rasul Allah (azwj)! So what are the destroyers?’ He (saww) said: ‘Following desires, and obeying lusts, and admiring one’s own self’. 3

عنه، عن هارون بن الجهم، عن أبي جميلة مفضل بن صالح، عن سعد بن طريف، عن أبي جعفر (ع) قال: ثلاث درجات، وثلاث كفارات، وثلاث موبقات، وثلاث منجيات، فأما الدرجات، فافشاء السلام، وإطعام الطعام، والصلاة والناس نيام، وأما الكفارات، فاسباغ الوضوء بالسبرات، والمشي بالليل والنهار إلى الصلوات، والمحافظة على الجماعات، وأما الموبقات، فشح مطاع، وهوى متبع، وإعجاب المرء بنفسه، وأما المنجيات، فخوف الله في السر والعلانية، والقصد في الغنى والفقر، وكلمة العدل في الرضى والسخط.

From him, from Haroun Bin Al Jahm, from Abu Jameela Mufazzal Bin Salih, from Sa’ad Bin Tareyf, (It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far (asws) having said: ‘There are three Levels, and three penances, and three mortal sins, and three saviours. As for the three Levels – Disclosure of greetings, and the feeding of food, and Praying whilst people are sleeping. And as for the penances – Performing ablutions with perfection, and walking day and night to the Prayers, and the preservation of the Community; and as for the mortal sins - Following desires, and obeying lusts, and admiring one’s own self’.4

عنه، عن النوفلي، عن السكوني، عن أبي عبد الله، عن آبائه، عن علي (ع) قال: ثلاث منجيات، تكف لسانك، وتبكي على خطيئتك، ويسعك بيتك.

From him, from Al Nowfaly, from Al Sakuny, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), from his (asws) forefathers (asws), from Ali (asws) having said: ‘There are three saviours – restraining your tongue, and weeping over your sins, and being sufficient for your household’.5

عنه، يرفعه إلى سلمان (رض) قال: قال: أضحكتني ثلاث، وأبكتني ثلاث، فأما الثلاث التي أبكتني ففراق الأحبة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وحزبه، والهول عند غمرات الموت، والوقوف بين يدي رب العالمين يوم تكون السريرة علانية، لا أدرى إلى الجنة أصير أم إلى النار؟ وأما الثلاث التي أضحكتني، فغافل ليس بمغفول عنه، وطالب الدنيا والموت يطلبه، وضاحك ملء فيه لا يدرى أراض عنه سيده أم ساخط عليه.

From him, raising it to Salman(as) having said, ‘Three (things) make me(as) laugh, and three (things) make me(as) cry. So as for the three which make me(as) cry – so it is the separation of the loved ones, Rasul Allah (saww) and his (saww) group, and the horror at the throes of death, and the pausing in front of the Lord (azwj) of the Worlds on a Day in which the secrets would become public.

I(as) do not know whether I(as) would be going to Paradise or the Fire? And as for the three which make me(as) laugh – so it is the oblivious one with whom (Allah (azwj)) is not Oblivious from, and the seeker of the world while death is seeking him, and the laughing one who does not know whether his Master (azwj) is Pleased with him or Angry with him’.6

عنه، عن الحسن بن علي اليقطيني، عن محمد بن سنان، عن أبي الجارود، عن أبي هارون العبدي قال: سمعته يقول: أعجبتني ثلاث، وثلاث أحزنتني، فأما اللواتي أعجبتني، فطالب الدنيا والموت يطلبه، وغافل لا يغفل عنه، وضاحك ملء فيه وجهنم وراء ظهره لم يأته ثقة ببراءته.

From him, from Al Hassan Bin Ali Al Yaqteeny, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Abu Al Jaroud, from Abu Haroun Al Abady who said said, ‘I heard him (asws) (6th Imam (asws)) saying: ‘Three make me (asws) wonder, and three grieve me (asws). So as for those who make me (asws) wonder are – the seeker of the world while death is seeking him, and the oblivious one from whom (Allah (azwj) is not Oblivious, and the laughing one while Hell is right behind him. There has not come to him are reliability of freedom from it’.7

عنه، عن محمد بن سنان، عن خضر، عمن سمع أبا عبد الله (ع) يقول: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: ثلاث من كن فيه أو واحدة منهن كان في ظل عرش الله يوم لا ظل إلا ظلة، رجل أعطى الناس من نفسه ما هو سائلهم لها، ورجل لم يقدم رجلا حتى يعلم أن ذلك لله رضى أو يحبس، ورجل لم يعب أخاه المسلم بعيب حتى ينفى ذلك العيب عن نفسه، فإنه لا ينتفى عنه عيب إلا بداله عيب، وكفى بالمرء شغلا بنفسه عن الناس.

From him, from Muhammad Bin Isnan, from Khizr, from the one who heard, Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘Rasul Allah (saww) said: ‘The one in whom, is at least one of these, would be under the Shade of the Throne of Allah (azwj) on the Day of Judgement when there will be no shade except for that Shade – A man who gives from himself what he has been asked for, and a man who does not precede men until he knows that it is for the Pleasure of Allah (azwj) or he should restrain (himself); and a man who does not fault his Muslim brother with a fault until he denies that fault from himself, for a fault is not negated from him until it is exchanged for a fault, and the self-sufficiency of a person with an occupation with himself, from the people’.8

عنه، عن ابن سنان، عن أبي الجارود، عن أبي عبيدة، عن أبي جميلة قال سمعت عليا (ع) على منبر الكوفة يقول: أيها الناس ثلاث لا دين لهم، لا دين لمن دان بجحود آية من كتاب الله، ولا دين لمن دان بفرية باطل على الله، ولا دين لمن دان بطاعة من عصى الله تبارك وتعالى،

From him, from Ibn Sinan, from Abu Al Jaroud, from Abu Ubeyda, from Abu Jameela who said, ‘I heard Ali (asws) upon the Pulpit of Al-Kufa saying: ‘O you people! Three have no Religion for them – there is no Religion for the one who makes a Religion by denying a Verse from the Book of Allah (azwj); and there is no Religion for the one who makes a Religion who labels a falsehood upon Allah (azwj); and there is no Religion for the one who makes a Religion by being obedient to the one who is disobedient to Allah (azwj) Blessed and High!’

ثم قال: أيها الناس لا خير في دين لا تفقه فيه، ولا خير في نيا لا تدبر فيها، ولا خير في نسك لا ورع فيه.

Then he (asws) said: ‘O you people! There is neither any good in a Religion in which there is no pondering, nor any good in a leadership in which there is no management, nor any good in a ritual in which there is no piety’.9

عنه، عمن ذكره، قال: قال أبو عبد الله (ع): الخير كله في ثلاث خصال،

في النظر، والسكوت، والكلام، فكل نظر ليس فيه اعتبار فهو سهو، وكل سكوت ليس

فيه فكرة فهو غفلة، وكل كلام ليس فيه ذكر فهو لغو، فطوبى لمن كان نظره اعتبارا

وسكوته فكرة وكلامه ذكرا، وبكى على خطيئته وآمن الناس شره.

From him, from the one who mentioned it, said, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘All of the good is in three qualities – in consideration, silence, and speech. So every consideration in which there is no regard, so it is an oversight; and every silence in which there is no thinking, so it is oblivion; and every speech in which there is no remembrance (of Allah (azwj)), so it is a vanity. So the goodness is for the one who has regard in his consideration, and thinking in his silence, and remembrance in his speech, and he weeps over his sins, and the people would be secure from his evil’.10

عنه، عن الحسن بن سيف، عن أخيه علي، عن سليمان بن عمر، عن أبي عبد الله، عن أبيه (ع) قال: لا يستكمل عبد حقيقة الايمان حتى يكون فيه خصال ثلاث، التفقه في الدين، وحسن التقدير في المعيشة، والصبر على الرزايا.

From him, from Al Hassan Bin Sayf, from his brother Ali, from Suleyman Bin Umar, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), from his (asws) father (asws) having said: ‘The realities of belief are not completed in a servant until he becomes such that there are in him three qualities – pondering in Religion, good measurement in livelihood, and patience upon tribulations/difficulties’.11

عنه، عن ابن فضال، عن عاصم بن حمزة، عن عبد الله بن الحسن، عن أمه فاطمة بنت الحسين قالت: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: ثلاث خصال من كن فيه يستكمل خصال الايمان، الذي إذا رضى لم يدخله رضاه في باطل، وإذا غضب لم يخرجه غضبه من الحق، وإذا قدر لم يتعاط ما ليس له.

From him, from Ibn Fazaal, from Aasim Bin Hamza, (It has been narrated) from Abdullah son of Al-Husayn (asws), from his (asws) mother Fatima Bint Muhammad (asws). She (asws) said: ‘Rasul Allah (saww) said: ‘The one in whom there are three qualities, completes the qualities of Iman (faith) – the one who, when he is happy, his happiness does not include him in falsehood; when he is angry, his anger does not exit him from Truth, and when he has power, he does not take that which is not for him’.12

عنه، عن النوفلي، عن السكوني، عن أبي عبد الله (ع)، عن آبائه (ع) قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: من لم يكن فيه ثلاث لم يقم له عمل، ورع يحجزه عن معاصي الله، وخلق يدارى به الناس، وحلم يرد به جهل الجاهل.

From him, from Al Nowfaly, from Al Sakuny, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws), from his (asws) forefathers (asws) who said: ‘Rasul Allah (saww) said: ‘The one in whom there are not three (qualities), the deed does not stand for him – piety which does not keep him away from disobedience of Allah (azwj); and morals by which the people can be favoured with; and forebearance by which the ignorance of the ignorant is repulsed’.13

عنه، عن النوفلي، عن السكوني، عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: قال أمير - المؤمنين (ع): ثلاث من أبواب البر، سخاء النفس، وطيب الكلام، والصبر على الأذى.

From him, from Al Nowfaly, from Sakuny, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘Amir-ul-Mu’mineen (asws) said: ‘Three are from the Gateways of righteousness – One’s generosity, good speech, and patience upon harm’.14

عنه، رفعه قال: قال أبو عبد الله (ع): ثلاث من كن فيه زوجه الله من الحور العين كيف شاء، كظم الغيظ، والصبر على السيوف لله، ورجل أشرف على مال حرام فتركه لله.

From him, raising it, said, ‘Abu Abdullah (asws) said: ‘If there are three (qualities) within someone, Rasul Allah (saww) would get him married to the Maiden Houries whosesoever he so desires to – control of anger, patience upon the swords for the Sake of Allah (azwj), and a man who comes to forbidden wealth, and avoids it for the Sake of Allah (azwj)’.15

عنه، عن موسى بن القاسم، عن المحاربي، عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: ثلاثة إن لم تظلمهم ظلموك، السفلة وزوجتك وخادمك.

From him, from Musa Bin Al Qasim, from Al Maharby, (It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah (asws) having said: ‘Rasul Allah (saww) said: ‘Three (persons) if you are not persuasive to them, they would be unjust to you – the villain, your wife, and your servant’.

وقال: ثلاثة لا ينتصفون من ثلاثة، شريف من وضيع، وحليم من سفيه، وبر من فاجر.

And he (asws) said: ‘Three cannot be reformed from three – an honourable one from an abject/hopeless one, and a forbearing one from a fool, and a righteous one from an immoral one’.16

-عنه، عن عبدالرحمن بن حماد، عن أبي عمران عمر بن مصعب، عن أبي – حمزة الثمالي، قال: سمعت أبا عبدالله (ع) يقول: العبد بين ثلاث، بلاء وقضاء ونعمة، فعليه للبلاء من الله الصبر فريضة، وعليه للقضاء من الله التسليم فريضة، وعليه من الله الشكر فريضة.

From him, from Abdul Rahman Bin Hamaad, from Abu Umran Umar Bin Mas’ab, from his father – Hamza Sumaly who said, ‘I heard Abu Abdullah (asws) saying: ‘The servant is in between three (states) – affliction, and pre-determination, and Blessing. So if there is affliction upon him from Allah (azwj), patience is Obligatory; and upon him is pre-determination from Allah (azwj), submission is an Obligation; and upon him is Blessing from Allah (azwj), appreciation is an Obligation’.17

عنه، رفعه قال: إن أمير المؤمنين (ع) صعد المنبر بالكوفة فحمد الله وأثنى عليه، ثم قال: أيها الناس إن الذنوب ثلاثة، ثم أمسك، فقال له حبة العرني: يا أمير المؤمنين قلت: " الذنوب ثلاثة " ثم أمسكت، فقال له: ما ذكرتها إلا وأنا أريد أن أفسرها ولكنه عرض لي بهر حال بيني وبين الكلام، نعم، الذنوب ثلاثة، فذنب مغفور وذنب غير مغفور، وذنب نرجو لصاحبه ونخاف عليه،

From him, raising it, said, ‘Amir-ul-Mu’mineen (asws) ascended the Pulpit at Al-Kufa, so he (asws) Praised Allah (azwj) and Extolled Him (azwj), then said: ‘O you people! The sins are three!’ Then he (asws) was silent.

So Habat Al-Arny said to him (asws), ‘O Amir-ul-Mu’mineen (asws)! You (asws) said, ‘The sins are three’, then you (asws) were silent’. So he (asws) said to him: ‘I (asws) did not mention it except that I (asws) intended to explain it, but it has been presented to me (asws) in between the speech. Yes, the sins are three – the Forgiveable sins, and the Unforgiveable sins, and the sins which its committer expects that his Master (azwj) (will Forgive) and fears Him (azwj)’.

قيل: يا أمير المؤمنين فبينها لنا قال: نعم، أما الذنب المغفور فعبد عاقبه الله على ذنبه في الدنيا فالله أحكم وأكرم أن يعاقب عبده مرتين،

It was said, ‘O Amir-ul-Mu’mineen (asws)! So explain these to us’. He (asws) said: ‘Yes. As for the Forgiveable sins, so the servant is Punished by Allah (azwj) for these sins in the world, and Allah (azwj) is more Wise and more benevolent that He (azwj) would Punish His (azwj) servant twice.

وأما الذنب الذي لا يغفر فظلم العباد بعضهم لبعض، إن الله تبارك وتعالى إذا برز لخلقه أقسم قسما على نفسه فقال: وعزتي وجلالي لا يجوزني ظلم ظالم ولو كف بكف ولو مسحة بكف ونطحة ما بين الشاة القرناء إلى الشاة الجماء فيقتص الله للعباد بعضهم من بعض حتى لا يبقى لاحد عند أحد مظلمة، ثم يبعثهم الله إلى الحساب،

And as for the Unforgiveable sins, so the servants are unjust to each other. When Allah (azwj) Blessed and High Emerged His (azwj) creatures, Swore a Swear to Himself (azwj). So He (azwj) Said: “By My (azwj) Honour and by My (azwj) Majesty! I (azwj) will not Permit the injustice of the unjust, even though it may be ‘a palm by a palm’, even if (one is) touched by a palm (branch) and the butting between one sheep and the other sheep”.

Therefore Allah (azwj) would Survey for the servants, some from others until there does not remain any one with whom there is an injustice. Then Allah (azwj) would Send them to the Reckoning.

وأما الذنب الثالث فذنب ستره الله على عبده ورزقه التوبة فأصبح خاشعا من ذنبه، راجيا لربه، فنحن له كما هو لنفسه، نرجو له الرحمة، ونخاف عليه العقاب.

And as for the third (category) of sin – so it is a sin which Allah (azwj) Veils for His (azwj) servant, and Gives him an inclination for repentance. Thus, he becomes humble due to his sin, hopeful to his Lord (azwj). So we are to Him (azwj) just as He (azwj) is to Himself (azwj). We hope to Him (azwj), to Him (azwj) for Mercy, and we fear Him (azwj) for the Punishment’.18

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