Table of Contents

Hudaybiya and Oath of Ridwan

[48:1] Surely We have given to you a clear victory (in the form of the treaty)

[48:2] That Allah may forgive your community their past faults and those to follow and complete His favor to you and keep you on a right way,

[48:3] And that Allah might help you with a mighty help.

[48:8] Surely We have sent you (Muhammad) as a witness and as a bearer of good news and as a warner,

[48:9] That you (companions) may believe in Allah and His Messenger and may aid him and revere him; and (that) you may declare His glory, morning and evening.

[48:10] Surely those who swear allegiance to you do but swear allegiance to Allah; the hand of Allah is above their hands. Therefore whoever breaks (his faith), he breaks it only to the injury of his own soul, and whoever fulfills what he has covenanted with Allah, He will grant him a mighty reward.

[48:11] Those of the dwellers of the desert who were left behind will say to you: Our property and our families kept us busy, so ask forgiveness for us. They say with their tongues what is not in their hearts. Say: Then who can control anything for you from Allah if He intends to do you harm or if He intends to do you good; nay, Allah is Aware of what you do:

[48:12] Nay! you rather thought that the Messenger and the believers would not return to their families ever, and that was made fair-seeming to your hearts and you thought an evil thought and you were a people doomed to perish.

[48:18] Certainly Allah was well pleased with the believers when they swore allegiance to you under the tree, and He knew what was in their hearts, so He sent down tranquility on them and rewarded them with a near victory,

[48:19] And many acquisitions which they will take; and Allah is Mighty, Wise.

[48:20] Allah promised you many acquisitions which you will take, then He hastened on this one for you and held back the hands of men from you, and that it may be a sign for the believers and that He may guide you on a right path.

[48:21] And others which you have not yet been able to achieve Allah has surely encompassed them, and Allah has power over all things.

[48:24] And He (Allah) it is Who held back their (Meccans) hands from you and your hands from them (preventing bloodshed) in the valley of Mecca after He had given you victory (the treaty) over them; and Allah is Seeing what you do.

[48:25] It is they who disbelieved and turned you away from the Sacred Mosque and (turned off) the offering withheld from arriving at its destined place; and were it not for the believing men and the believing women (in Mecca under Taqiya), whom, not having known, you might have trodden down, and thus something hateful might have afflicted you on their account without knowledge, so that Allah may cause to enter into His mercy whomsoever He pleases; had they been widely separated one from another, We would surely have punished those who disbelieved from among them with a painful punishment.

[48:26] When those who disbelieved harbored in their hearts (feelings of) disdain, the disdain of (the days of) ignorance, but Allah sent down His tranquility on His Messenger and on the believers, and made them keep the word of guarding (against evil), and they were entitled to it and worthy of it; and Allah is Cognizant of all things.

[48:27] Certainly Allah had shown to His Messenger the vision with truth: you shall most certainly enter the Sacred Mosque, if Allah pleases, in security, (some) having their heads shaved and (others) having their hair cut, you shall not fear, but He knows what you do not know, so He brought about a near victory (Conquests of Khayber) before that (entering Mecca the next year).