Yes, this is mentioned and alluded to in some Shi'i hadith books, but there is also a hadith in Man La Yahduruhu al-Faqih, which is considered a strong hadith source, in which Imam al-Sadiq (A) strongly and directly refutes this idea. So, typically, Sh'i scholars hold that (a) women were not created from a rib, or (b) perhaps women were not literally created from a rib but there is some way to integrate this idea into the understanding of how the human being was created. The first view seems to be more dominant today, and it seems reasonable to surmise that hadith about women being created from a rib entered Shi'i books due to the seeping in of material from outside the religious tradition and was not an actual teaching of the Imams (A).
The relevant part of the hadith from Man La Yahduruhu al-Faqih reads:
Zurara said to Imam al-Sadiq (A): "Some of our people are saying that Allah, the Mighty and Glorious, created Eve from Adam's shortest left rib."
Imam al-Sadiq (A) said: "May Allah be glorified and exalted above that enormous claim! Does the one who says this say that Allah, the Blessed and High, did not have the capability to create a wife for Adam in any way other than from his rib? They are making a way for the disgraceful theological debater to argue against us by saying 'Allah married part of himself' - if she were created from his rib."
(The narration is rather long and continues with a lengthy discussion of Adam and Eve )
- Man La Yahduruhu al-Faqih, vol. 3, p. 379, no. 4336