The Shia put the companions into different categories just like the Quran does.
Among the companions, were the pious believers who sacrificed their wealth, lives and even fought against their own relatives in battles. These Sahaba will be those we can consider in jannah and who we want to follow.
On the other hand, we had companions of the Prophet Mohammad (sawa) who were hypocrites and had their own worldly interests.
Some of these companions also insulted the Prophet as well as oppressed his progeny after his martyrdom.
We also have some companions that we aren’t sure about or whose names didn’t reach us. Therefore it is imperative to search through history to determine which companions remained steadfast upon the correct path.
With regard to the wives of the Prophet, we also look through their biographies individually to see if they were pious or not. Allah The Exalted states in the holy Quran:
O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any of the [other] women, provided that you taqwa (consciousness of God)...
- Quran 33:32.
This verse is clear in giving a condition to the wives of the holy prophet that they will be respected if they remain pious. The verse is a clear evidence in showing that the wives of the prophet are not immune from going astray and must attain their status through maintaining piety.
Whilst Shias love and respect wives of the prophet such as Lady Khadijah, Umm Salama and Māriyah, we have a negative view on other wives such as Aisha. This isn’t due to personal reasons, rather it is down to clear proofs within the Quran and sunnah of her actions. Below, I will provide some summarised points about Aisha according to the Shia opinion and you may research further inshallah.
- Aisha was one of the wives severely condemned in the Quran chapter 66 of the holy Quran for her actions against the Prophet.
- She led a war against the Commander of the faithful Imam Ali (peace be upon him) which resulted in the deaths of 30,000 Muslims
- She fabricated thousands of Hadiths and falsely attributed them to the Prophet (peace be upon him and his pure family. This besmirched the Prophet’s reputation, degraded his personality and “opened a door of verbal attacks” against him by non-Muslims.
There are many more reasons one can search to get a clear picture of why Aisha is viewed negatively by the Shia Muslims.
May Allah grant you success.