Seyed Ali Shobayri, Seyed Ali Shobayri is of mixed Iranian and Scottish descent who found the path of the Ahlul Bayt (a) by his own research. He holds a BA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University through the... Answer updated 1 month ago

Bismillah, 

Asalamu Alaykom, 

A Muslim man should conduct an Islamic marriage contract with a woman. Scholars differ as to whether someone can marry a Christian woman permanently. All allow temporary marriage and some scholars say that both temporary and permanent are  allowed. 

If however a Muslim man was ignorant and he for example read a marriage contract such as a civil one instead of Islamic (while he thought that this counts as  marriage) then some scholars would say that the marriage wouldn’t be fornication. 

This therefore could make the child one of shubha where they aren’t deemed as illegitimate. 

If he found out his mistake though, then he must do an Islamic marriage as soon as possible. 

Rgearding a Christian marriage contract, this should be asked from one's Marja and it should be stated whether the person was ignorant or not. 

May Allah grant you success