Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 2 years ago


Thank you for your question. There are two types of realities you are asking about in your question; those related to matter and those that are not.

As for those relating to matter, matter is not everlasting. It is constantly in a state of change as that is one of the characteristics of what makes something material. Therefore, anything related to matter cannot be absolute as it is linked to something finite. So movement for example is linked to an object, an object is limited by time and space and therefore movement cannot be absolute. The same is the case for direction as any direction is in opposition to another direction and so cannot be absolute. 

As for those things which do not always have to relate to matter such as love or truth, if they are related to the Absolute, they can be absolute and objective, but when they relate to a person or a thing they will be limited by the limitation of their locus. So a human cannot absolutely love another human as that is a limitation of human beings, however God can absolutely love. Humans cannot understand the absolute truth, but God is the Truth. Humans can come closer to the absolute reality and be a manifestation of the absolute reality and indeed it is reported from the Prophet (saw) that Ali (as) is with the truth and the truth is with Ali (as).

This is generally in line with what the scriptural sources say and you can look into it further by studying reports in books such as the Tawhid of Shaykh Suduq or in Nahj al-Balagha.

May you always be successful.

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