Sayyed Mohammad Al-Musawi,
Sayyed Mohammad al-Musawi is originally from Iraq and heads up the World Ahlul Bayt Islamic League in London. Other than being involved in various humanitarian projects, he frequently responds to religious questions. In the past, he has also spent significant time in India guiding the community.
Mahmood Abu Maryam,
Trying to make sense of it all...
Jerrmein Abu Shahba,
Jerrmein Abu Shahba is originally from Egypt and has a bachelor’s degree in Biology and a masters in Chemistry from Rutgers State University in the US. She is actively involved in many Islamic projects that include organizing annual youth camps, teaching Islamic subjects, writing articles and translating texts from Arabic.
Dr Rebecca Masterton graduated with a BA in Japanese Language and Literature; an MA in Comparative East Asian and African Literature and a PhD in Islamic literature of West Africa. She has been teaching for seventeen years through different media, and has also worked in media for ten years, producing and presenting programs for several TV channels.
Nour Tessie Jørgensen,
Nour Tessie Jørgensen has an MA in Islamic studies from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark and a degree in Philosophy of Ethics at Al Mustafa International University in Qum, Iran. She works as an Islamic Studies teacher and a counselor in spiritual and female-related issues.
I wish to add some more names and details to complement the respected Sayyid al-Musawi's clear response to this question.
Overall, a good book one can refer to for names of the nawasib - enemies of the Ahl al-bayt (a) - who appear in Sunni hadith is Hashim Ma`ruf al-Hasani's Dirasat fi’l hadith wa’l muhaddithin published in Beirut.
Here are some more examples of such ignoble people appearing in Sunni hadith sources.
1. `Umar b. Sa`d
`Umar b. Sa`d needs no introduction for those aware of the details of the tragedy of Karbala. This son of Sa`d b. Abi Waqqas, the companion of the Prophet (s), led the troops on the ground against Imam al-Husayn (a).
Al-Tabari quotes Ibn Sa`d, after the Imam (a) had been mercilessly killed:
Then `Umar b. Sa’d called out among his followers, "Who will volunteer [to go] to al-Husayn and make his horse trample on al-Husayn’s body?" Ten volunteered. Among them was Ishaq b. Haywah al-Hadrami, who was the one who stole al-Husayn’s shirt and later got leprosy, and Ahbash b. Marthad b. ‘Alqamah b. Salamah al-Hadrami. They trampled on the body of al-Husayn with their horses until they had crushed his back and his chest. I learned that some time later an arrow from an unknown direction hit Ahbash b. Marthad as he was standing in a battle. It split his heart, and he died. (Al-Tabari, al-Ta’rikh, translated into English as ‘History of al-Tabari – The Caliphate of Yazid b. Mu’awiyah’, Howard, pp. 163)
Some example of the Prophet’s (s) hadith quoted by Sunni scholars on the authority of `Umar b. Sa`d!
- Al-Tirmidhi, Sunan, kitab sifat al-janna `an rasulillah, volume 4, page 678
- Al-Nasa’i, al-Sunan al-mujtaba, kitab tahrim al-dam, volume 7, page 121
- Al-Nasa’i, al-Sunan al-kubra’, volume 6, page 263
- Al-Bayhaqi, al-Sunan al-kubra, volume 3, page 375
- Ahmad b. Hanbal, al-Tabarani, and others.
2. `Abd al-Rahman b. `Abza
`Abd al-Rahman b. `Abza (or `Abzi) al-Khuza`i was a companion of the Prophet (s). He was present with the troops of Ibn Ziyad who fought and killed Imam al-Husayn (a). (See al-Dinawari, al-Akhbar al-Tiwal, page 298).
See some of the narrations by him in:
- Al-Bukhari, Sahih, kitab al-tayammum, volume 1, page 129
- Muslim, Sahih, kitab al-hayd, volume 1, page 280
- Al-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ibn Maja, and many others
3. al-Harith b. Yazid al-Kufi
Al-Harith b. Yazid al-`Akali al-Taymi al-Kufi seems to the al-Harith b. Yazid b. Ruwaym on whose services Ibn Ziyad called upon by sending him from his own base in Kufa to join `Umar b. Sa`d’s army (See al-Dinawari, al-Akhbar al-Tiwal, page 254). No other ‘al-Harith b. Yazid’s in rijal lexicons seem to hail from Kufa.
See his narrations in:
- Al-Bukhari, Sahih, kitab al-`itq, volume 2, page 898
- Muslim, Sahih, kitab fada’il al-sahaba, volume 4, page 1957
- Al-Nasa’i, Ibn Maja, and others.
4. Shabath b. Rib`i
Abu `Abd al-Quddus Shabath b. Rib`i al-Tamimi al-Yarbu`i was a man with a checkered background. A companion of the Prophet (s), he used to be once on the side of Imam ‘Ali (a), then joined the Khawarij and later was part of Ibn Ziyad’s troops in Karbala fighting Imam al-Husayn (a)!
- al-Dinawari, al-Akhbar al-Tiwal, page 254;
- al-`Asqalani, al-‘Isaba, volume 3, page 376
- al-`Asqalani, Tahdhib al-tahdhib, volume 4, page 266.
From al-Tabari, from the scene of the battle of Karbala:
He (i.e.`Umar b. Sa`d) put `Azrah b. Qays al-Ahmasi in command of the cavalry and Shabath b. Rib`i al-Yarbu`i in command of the footsoldiers. (Al-Tabari, al-Ta’rikh, translated into English as ‘History of al-Tabari – The Caliphate of Yazid b. Mu’awiyah’, Howard, pp. 121)
Some narrations from Shabath in:
- Abu Dawud, Sunan, kitab al-‘adab, volume 4, page 315.
- Al-Nasa’i, al-Sunan al-kubra’, volume 6, page 204.
5. Qadi Shurayh
Abu Umayyah Shurayh b. al-Harith b. Qays al-Kindi was a judge in Kufa. He connived with the Umayyad authorities in Kufa in suppressing the Shi’a and supporters of Imam al-Husayn (a) from rallying to the call of Muslim b. `Aqil and Hani’ b. `Urwa shortly before the onset of the battle of Karbala. He had a share in the responsibility for the murder of Hani’ by Ibn Ziyad (See al-Dinawari, al-Akhbar al-Tiwal, page 238).
Shurayh narrates traditions in:
- Al-Nasa’i, Sunan, kitab al-`umra, volume 6, page 277
- Ahmad b. Hanbal’s al-Musnad, and other books.
There are many other narrators who cursed and hated Imam ‘Ali (a), as confirmed by Sunni books of rijal, and are yet present in major Sunni books narrating Prophetic hadith.
Here is a list that has been gathered from several sources, particularly al-Hasani’s work mentioned above. The list is in no particular order and there are quite likely to be more such narrators that could not be identified and included.
- Hurayz (or Hariz) b. ‘Uthman
- Busr b. Artat
- `Urwah b. al-Zubayr
- Abu Bardah b. Abu Musa al-Ash`ari
- Ishaq b. Suwayd b. Hubayrah
- Husayn b. Numayr al-Wasiti
- Dawud b. al-Husayn al-Madani
- Muhammad b. Ziyad al-Alhani, Abu Sufyan al-Himsi
- al-Mughirah b. Muqsim, Abu Hisham
- `Abdullah b. Salim al-Ash`ari al-Himsi
- Qays b. Abi Hazim al-Bajali
- Thawr b. Zayd al-Daylami
- al-Walid b. Kathir bar Yahya al-Madani
- Walid b. `Uqba
- `Abdullah b. Abi Sarh
- Ash’ath b. Qays
- Marwan b. al-Hakam
- Abu Bakra Nafee` al-Thaqafi
- Ahmad b. Abdah Musa Janabi
- Ishaq b. Suwayd b. Hubayrah al-`Adwi al-Taymi
- Isma`il b. Samee` al-Hanafi
- Thawr b. Yazid Kala’i al-Himsi, Abu Khalid
- Jarir b. `Abdullah al-Bajali
- Habib b. Maslama
- Khalid b. Salamah al-Kufi
- Khalid b. Abdullah al-Qasri
- Rashid b. Sa`d Maqrahi
- Rafi` b. Khadeej
- Ziyad b. `Alaqah
- Sa`id b. al-`As al-Umawi
- Sa`id b. al-Musayyab
- Samurah b. Jundab
- Shaqeeq b. Salamah al-Asadi
- `Abd al-Rahman b. Habib (Abu Abd al-Rahman al-Aslami)
- `Abdullah b. al-Zubayr
- `Abdullah b. Zayd Abu Qalaba
- `Abdullah b. Salim
- `Abd al-`Aziz b. Marwan
- `Abd al-Malik b. Marwan al-‘Umawi
- `Uthman b. `Asim
- `Umar b. Thabit al-Ansari al-Khazraji
- `Imran b. Husayn
- `Amr b. `Abdullah, Abu Ishaq al-Sabi’I
- Masruq b. Ajdah
- Nafi` b. ‘Amr, Abu Sa`ud al-Ansari
- Hisham b. Isma`il
The books of Bukhari and Muslim narrated from many persons who were open enemies of Imam Ali (AS) like Imran Ibn Hattaan عمران بن حطان who was a Kharijite who praised Ibn Muljim the murderer of Imam Ali (AS). Huraiz Ibn Uthman Al-Himsi is also one of the narrators in Bukhari. He was also a well known enemy who was cursing Imam Ali (AS) from the pulpit. Tahtheb Al-Tahtheeb By Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani 1:159.
There are many of such narrators you can find them in the books of Ilm Al-Rijaal.
The scholars of Ilm Al-Rijaal go through the books of history and Hadeeth and Rijaal and determine such narrators to avoid their narrations.
Bukhari who lived during the time of many Imams from Alul Bayt (AS) did not narrate any Hadeeth from Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq (AS) knowing hat he was the most prominent teacher of leading scholars of that time. On the other hand Bukhari narrated around one thousand Hadeeths from Ibn Shihab Al-Zohri who was a servant of Bani Umayyah.
Bukhari did not narrate from Fatimah , The daughter of the Prophet (SAWA) but just one Hadeeth, while he narrated from Abu Huraira more than six hundred Hadeeths.