Zoheir Ali Esmail

Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD from the University of Exeter in the philosophical and mystical readings of Mulla Sadra in the context of the schools of Tehran and Qum.

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answer updated 4 days ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. Wilayat al-faqih has two meanings. A jurisprudential meaning and a political meaning. The jurisprudential meaning of the guardianship of the jurist in the absence of the Imam is a result of the necessity of carrying out some jurisprudential laws which are specific to the Imam (as). The scope of this guardianship is discussed further on the books of fiqh.

Wilayt al-faqih as a political ideology for the period of the ghayba, was conceived by Ayatullah Khumayni (r) as a solution to the political vacuum that would be created after the overthrow of the Shah in Iran. While an autocracy had obvious flaws, there was much discussion on the role of democracy and its suitability as an Islamic system of government. In this milieu Ayatullah Khumayni proposed a system which drew from both the jurisprudential guardianship of a faqih, but also from his background in mysticism and the system of wilayat according to theoretical mysticism.
 

There is no definite system of governance that can be derived from the scriptural sources in the ghayba, and so different thinkers have had different ideas as to what that system should be like, and the conversation is dynamic in the contemporary Shia intellectual milieu.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 4 days ago

Bismillah 

Thank you for your question. Your regret is sufficient for repentance from any wrong doing in this situation.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 3 weeks ago

Bismillah 

Thank you for your question. It is God who decides who exists and that is not the choice of an individual. What is in their choice is what they do with the life they are given, and not wanting life, reward or punishment is not something that absolves them from that responsibility.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 3 weeks ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. If we assume the facts of the question as true, the question presupposes that volume equals importance. If the 2% difference gives rise to very distinct and important differences then monkeys and humans are not the same, as is clear from the difference in the way monkeys and humans live in this world. Another assumption is that all that is involved in being human is contained in DNA, and not just a human's physical aspects, which is something that is not established.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 3 weeks ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. His creation of the worlds was out of His Love and Grace, not because of any need.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 3 weeks ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. Below is the ruling of Ayatullah Sistani (hA):

Ruling 978. Based on obligatory precaution, it is obligatory for a man to recite Surat al-Ḥamd and the other surah aloud (jahr) in ṣubḥ, maghrib, and ʿishāʾ prayers. And based on obligatory precaution, it is obligatory for a man and a woman to recite Surat al-Ḥamd and the other surah in ẓuhr, and ʿaṣr in a whisper (ikhfāt).

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 4 weeks ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. While the application of the criteria for halal and haram music is upon the muqallid, that does not mean that the criteria itself is completely subjective. There are some genres of music as well as songs that are clearly impermissible. At the same time, there are other genres of music and songs that are clearly permissible. But the judgement of thr muqallid is more of a factor in the grey areas, where if one person consider the criteria to apply to a specific piece of music making it haram, whereas another person may find it halal using the same criteria. It is worth mentioning that the rulings of the Maraja and the criteria they have set for halal and haram music also varies and so it is possible for a piece of music to be halal according to one criteria and haram according to another.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 month ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. Naming children according to sectarian lines was not a factor in the early ages of Islam and therefore, it is not an indication of holding a certain person with the same name in high esteem. For example, certain companions of the Imams (as) were named Yazid and Mu'awiya, but this in no way indicated that they condoned the actions of the Caliphs with the same names, or held them in high esteem.

May you always be successful. 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 month ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. A hypocrite is someone whose apparent actions are contradictory to their beliefs. They appear as believers in order to reap certain benefits, but they really don't believe. It is possible for a hypocrite to change their ways during their lifetime and include themselves among the believers.

May you always be successful.

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 month ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. It has been narrated in al-Kafi concerning prayers in the month of Ramadan, that Imam Ali (as) near the end of his life would recite 1000 rakats during the day and night (meaning in a 24hr period).

The possibility of this is improved when the time of each rakat is adjusted. If each rakat took 15 seconds it would take around 4hrs if someone was constantly praying. If it took 30 seconds the 1000 rakats would take around 8hrs, and so on. 

May you always be successful

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 month ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. This is an answer provided in Code of Practice for Muslims in the West by Ayatullah Sistani:

Question: Some experts of genetic engineering claim that they can improve the human race by altering the genes in the following ways: Removing the ugliness of the face; Replacing it with beautiful characteristics; By both of the above. Is it permissible for the scientists to engage in these kinds of activities? Is it permissible for a Muslim to allow the doctors to alter his genes?

Answer: If there are no side effects, then, in principle, there is no problem in it. 

May you always be successful

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 month ago

Bismillah

Thank for your question. Spiritual practices which result in certain spiritual powers and abilities are not to be attempted without guidance and so while there are books that include various practices in the field of ulum al-gharibah, they can be dangerous if used in the wrong way and induce many undesirable consequences. An expert is needed to help a person navigate such literature.

For a person to increase their spirituality they should stick to performing the recommended actions such as night prayer, reciting and pondering the verses of the Holy Qur'an, fasting, remembering Allah often, charity, good manners, while at the same time seeking knowledge and putting what they learn into practice. These practices result in the illumination of the spirit as well as peace and tranquility.

A book that can help in this regard is a Commentary on Forty Hadith by Ruhallah al-Khumayni (r), which gives advice on spiritual practice in the light of reported traditions and the general practice of Shi mystics.

May you always be successful.