Hassanain Govani

Hassanain Govani is based in Sweden and has an MA in History of Religion from Uppsala University and an MA in Islamic Studies from the Islamic College of London, and has also studied Arabic in Damascus. He has a position as project secretary at SST, the committee for state support for religious communities.

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Hassanain Govani, Hassanain Govani is based in Sweden and has an MA in History of Religion from Uppsala University and an MA in Islamic Studies from the Islamic College of London, and has also studied Arabic in... Answered 2 months ago

Salaamun Alaykum

In addition to below, it should be noted that the Messenger (pbuh) is the addressee in many parts of the Qur'an, meaning that much of the Qur'an speaks directly to Prophet, albeit not always mentioned by name. Additionally, other parts of the Qur'an make third-person references to the Messenger (pbuh).

Taking these facts into consideration, we can conclude that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is mentioned more than any other prophet in the Qur'an.

With Salaams

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Hassanain Govani, Hassanain Govani is based in Sweden and has an MA in History of Religion from Uppsala University and an MA in Islamic Studies from the Islamic College of London, and has also studied Arabic in... Answer updated 2 months ago

Salaamun Alaykum
 

I'd like to tackle this question from a non-legalistic perspective, but rather from a rational perspective. 
There are certain things that we are not able to grasp. Look for example at the 1st sermon recorded in Nahjul Balaghah:
Praise is due to Allah whose worth cannot be described by speakers, whose bounties cannot be counted by calculators and whose claim (to obedience) cannot be satisfied by those who attempt to do so, whom the height of intellectual courage cannot appreciate, and the divings of understanding cannot reach; He for whose description no limit has been laid down, no eulogy exists, no time is ordained and no duration is fixed. He brought forth creation through His Omnipotence, dispersed winds through His Compassion, and made firm the shaking earth with rocks. 

Look especially at these lines:
whom the height of intellectual courage cannot appreciate, and the divings of understanding cannot reach;
 

Imam Ali (pbuh) says that God is such that he cannot be fathomed by our limited understanding. In my humble understanding, this would also cover your query, i.e. why does God exist. 

Now think about from a different perspective - what would exist if there was no God? Such a question cannot yield anything but utter confusion, for in our understanding of existence, there is no existence except by God.

Although we would normally not reply to a question by saying "just accept it", this I would say is such a question.

With Salaams

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Hassanain Govani, Hassanain Govani is based in Sweden and has an MA in History of Religion from Uppsala University and an MA in Islamic Studies from the Islamic College of London, and has also studied Arabic in... Answered 8 months ago

Salaamun Alaykum 

Thank you for your question.
The simple answer is that we do not know. 
There might have been some attempts to calculate the generations to reach a "plausible" estimation. However, the Qur'an is silent on this issue and we should be very careful not to read things "into" the Qur'an.

Essentially, the stories of the Prophets (pbut) are narrated for learning: there is moral guidance and wisdom in them. The Qur'an is generally very silent on details such as names, places and ages.

I don't want to call towards a culture of "don't ask and just accept"; rather what I am trying to say is that there is a reason why God didn't reveal certain details, and I believe the reason is to "zoom" our focus on the important parts of the stories.

In need of your prayers

Hassanain 

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Hassanain Govani, Hassanain Govani is based in Sweden and has an MA in History of Religion from Uppsala University and an MA in Islamic Studies from the Islamic College of London, and has also studied Arabic in... Answered 8 months ago

Salaamun Alaykum

Thank you for question.

What is apparent is that Qabil kills Habil out of jealousy. The reason was that God accepted the offering of Habil, whereas He rejected the offering of Qabil. The Qur'an indicates that the reason for this was that whereas Habil was a muttaqi, Qabil was not.

5:27

وَاتْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَبَأَ ابْنَيْ آدَمَ بِالْحَقِّ إِذْ قَرَّبَا قُرْبَانًا فَتُقُبِّلَ مِنْ أَحَدِهِمَا وَلَمْ يُتَقَبَّلْ مِنَ الْآخَرِ قَالَ لَأَقْتُلَنَّكَ ۖ قَالَ إِنَّمَا يَتَقَبَّلُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِينَ

He said: I will most certainly slay you.

(The other) said: God only accepts from the muttaqeen.

Some have suggested that Qabil's offering was smaller, or in other ways different. This is reading into the text what is not there. 

Yet some have suggested other reasons for the jealousy of Qabil, but again, this would entail reading in things into the Qur'an which is not there.

In need of your prayers,
Hassanain

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Hassanain Govani, Hassanain Govani is based in Sweden and has an MA in History of Religion from Uppsala University and an MA in Islamic Studies from the Islamic College of London, and has also studied Arabic in... Answer updated 1 year ago

Salaamun Alaykum

Watching pornography would go against the clear command of Qur'an to "lower the gaze", Suratul Noor 24:30-31.

What actually entails a major sin, and what the punishments for those are, is a much discussed and debated question.

I understand that it could be interesting to know whether or not watching pornography would fall into such a category.

However, I would like to highlight the issue from another perspective. Generally, when something is haraam in sharia, it is so for good reasons. There is an abundant amount of evidence showing that pornography is harmful for the persons involved in the filming, for the individual watching, and for the society at large. 

Many books have been written on the issue, e.g. Understanding and treating Sex and Pornography Addication by Paula Hall, and Treating Pornography Addiction by Kevin B Skinner.

I would also recommend the following TEDx talk: The Great Porn Experiment 

 

To cut it short, pornography is highly addictive. Furthermore, it can cause serious problems in life in different domains, such as marital intimacy, concentration, carrier, and other areas. 

Therefore, I would suggest that one looks beyond the question of major sin or not. The fact is that it is potentially very harmful. These are the dire consequences in this life. I dread to think about the consequences on the soul and the life to come.

May God bless you