In Islamic terminology, something which is makruh (Arabic: مكروه, transliterated: makrooh or makrūh) is a disliked or offensive act (literally "detestable" or "abominable"). It is one of the five categories (al-ahkam al-khamsa) in Islamic law -- wajib/fard (obligatory), Mustahabb/mandub (recommended), mubah (neutral), makruh (disapproved), haram' (forbidden).
Though it is not haram (forbidden) or subject to punishment, a person who abstains from this act will be rewarded.
It is always highly recommended for every Muslim to recite Quran but when a person is in the state of Janabah or a female is in her menses, it becomes Haraam on them to recite the four verses of the obligatory Sajda. Rest of Quranic verses are always allowed and recommended to recite.
The narration of Makrouh for woman in her menses to recite more than seven verses in case it is authentic, does not mean no reward but less reward from the usual situation of purity.
It is allowed to do house cleaning at night. If some is sleeping, we should be careful not to disturb his sleep.
Shrimp (prawn) is Halal. It is not Makrouh. It is the only sea food which is Halal beside the fish with scales. Shrimp is Halal according to Shia and Sunni sects.
It is not Makrouh to eat liver nor brain of Halal animal but it is Haraam to eat the gland inside the brain.
It is Makrouh to eat the kidney of Halal animal, as well as the veins and two small parts of meat out of the heart of the animal which are called the ears of the heart آذان القلب.
It is allowed and not Haraam, but just Makrouh (disliked) to eat in the bathroom. If there is a condition forcing you to eat in the bathroom, you are allowed to do so.
Yes, it is mentioned in many Hadeeths that sleeping between ASR and Maghrib is Makrouh (disliked) and cause many harms on health and well-being. It can cause mental problems and unhappiness. Hadeeth says: Who sleeps between ASR and Maghrib should not blame but himself when he finds disturbance in his mind. In Makarim al-Akhlaq page 333: Sleeping after ASR causes mental harm.
Nap during the day is good and called Qayloola قيلولة which is after Dhuhr till before Asr.
Yes it is Makrouh (Disliked) to sleep between Fajr and sunrise. Many authentic Hadeeths stated that it is recommended to be busy in that time ( between Fajr and sunrise) in prayers, Du'a, remembering Allah, reciting Quran and any useful deeds but not sleeping unless you are unwell or have another valid reason to sleep then. The benefits of being busy in that time in worship are too many including good health and more sustenance. Sleeping during that time might cause a diverse results on health and sustenance according to the Hadeeth. ( Manla Yahdharuhul Faqeeh, number 1439 and 1440)
Makruh actions will not cause one to have a sin, but it is possible that one could gain more reward by avoiding them. They are actions which are better to be avoided and disliked.
Furthermore although one will not get a sin for doing a makruh action, there could still be a negative impact for one spiritually. So by avoiding them it could build up one spiritually and strengthen their soul.
May Allah grant you success
You will be able to find the view here.
The emphasis is that the kafan be of one piece of cloth, and if needed to be sewn, then its own strings should be used. Furthermore, A.U. Seyid Sistani does not completely agree that it is makruh. Please see link.
And Allah knows best.
Further explanation: In some cultures, dating back to ancient or mediaeval times (including parts of Europe/Britain as well as Greece), it was considered inappropriate or immodest for respectable women to ride horses in the normal way, especially if they were wearing long dresses that might not stay in place, so women were expected to ride side-saddle or, as Sayyed mentions, in a litter atop the animal. (I am not saying that no women ever rode horses the normal way, just that this was considered more mannerly.) It seems that women riding horses the normal way may have been seen as suggestive, although, nowadays, in much of the world, there is no stigma attached to it.
If they rode bare horses or regularly saddled horses during that time, it could be taken as a sign of them being treated harshly by the enemy.
Muslim women used to sit on Hawdaj which is like a seat put on the animal and not directly on the animal. Sitting directly on the animal or on saddles is Makrouh for women.
Every Makrouh is harmful but not Haraam. Allah knows the details of the harm which might be unknown to us.
We have Hadeeths from the Prophet (SAWA) stating that it is Makrouh. It is not only when trying to conceive a child but it is Makrouh in any sexual intercourse.