Zakat (Arabic: زكاة zakāh [zaˈkaːh], "that which purifies", also Zakat al-mal [zaˈkaːt alˈmaːl] زكاة المال, "zakat on wealth", or Zakah) is a form of alms-giving treated in Islam as a religious obligation or tax, which, by Quranic ranking, is next after prayer (salat) in importance.As one of the Five Pillars of Islam, zakat is a religious duty for all Muslims who meet the necessary criteria of wealth. It is a mandatory charitable contribution, often considered to be a tax. The payment and disputes on zakat have played a major role in the history of Islam, notably during the Ridda wars.Zakat is based on the value of all of one's possessions.
as salam alaikum
Income taxes and other similar taxes are not counted as zakat. Zakat is a religious duty and an act of worship that is paid with a specific intention and whose revenues are to be given to the recipients specified in verse 60 of sura al-Tawbah.
With prayers for your success.
There is no Zakat in the afore-mentioned situation. In Shi'ah Fiqh Zakat is specific for certain items and particular scenarios.
And Allah knows best.
Poverty is a test for people who are not poor to examine their obedience in paying Zakat.
No doubt Zakat aims to eliminate poverty.
You must do every thing you can to return the money to its owners either directly to them or to their inheritors if they are dead.
If you tried your best and could not reach to them, then it must be given to the Marja' of Taqleed who will distribute it to the poor as Majhool al-Maalik (unknown owner) on behalf of the real owners.
It is permissible to donate to nun-Muslims
The child who lives with such a father does not have to consider the things brought into the house as being usurped (ghasbi) andn the child can make use of them with no problem.